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justice    音標拼音: [dʒ'ʌstəs] [dʒ'ʌstɪs]
n. 正義,公平,公正,正確,司法,審判

正義,公平,公正,正確,司法,審判

justice
n 1: the quality of being just or fair [synonym: {justice},
{justness}] [ant: {injustice}, {unjustness}]
2: judgment involved in the determination of rights and the
assignment of rewards and punishments
3: a public official authorized to decide questions brought
before a court of justice [synonym: {judge}, {justice}, {jurist}]
4: the United States federal department responsible for
enforcing federal laws (including the enforcement of all
civil rights legislation); created in 1870 [synonym: {Department
of Justice}, {Justice Department}, {Justice}, {DoJ}]

Justice \Jus"tice\ (j[u^]s"t[i^]s), n. [F., fr. L. justitia, fr.
justus just. See {Just}, a.]
[1913 Webster]
1. The quality of being just; conformity to the principles of
righteousness and rectitude in all things; strict
performance of moral obligations; practical conformity to
human or divine law; integrity in the dealings of men with
each other; rectitude; equity; uprightness.
[1913 Webster]

Justice and judgment are the haditation of thy
throne. --Ps. ixxxix.
11.
[1913 Webster]

The king-becoming graces,
As justice, verity, temperance, stableness, . . .
I have no relish of them. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. Conformity to truth and reality in expressing opinions and
in conduct; fair representation of facts respecting merit
or demerit; honesty; fidelity; impartiality; as, the
justice of a description or of a judgment; historical
justice.
[1913 Webster]

3. The rendering to every one his due or right; just
treatment; requital of desert; merited reward or
punishment; that which is due to one's conduct or motives.
[1913 Webster]

This even-handed justice
Commends the ingredients of our poisoned chalice
To our own lips. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. Agreeableness to right; equity; justness; as, the justice
of a claim.
[1913 Webster]

5. A person duly commissioned to hold courts, or to try and
decide controversies and administer justice.
[1913 Webster]

Note: This title is given to the judges of the common law
courts in England and in the United States, and extends
to judicial officers and magistrates of every grade.
[1913 Webster]

{Bed of justice}. See under {Bed}.

{Chief justice}. See in the Vocabulary.

{Justice of the peace} (Law), a judicial officer or
subordinate magistrate appointed for the conservation of
the peace in a specified district, with other incidental
powers specified in his commission. In the United States a
justice of the peace has jurisdiction to adjudicate
certain minor cases, commit offenders, officiate at
marriages, etc.; abbreviated JP.

Syn: Equity; law; right; rectitude; honesty; integrity;
uprightness; fairness; impartiality.

Usage: {Justice}, {Equity}, {Law}. Justice and equity are the
same; but human laws, though designed to secure
justice, are of necessity imperfect, and hence what is
strictly legal is at times far from being equitable or
just. Here a court of equity comes in to redress the
grievances. It does so, as distinguished from courts
of law; and as the latter are often styled courts of
justice, some have fancied that there is in this case
a conflict between justice and equity. The real
conflict is against the working of the law; this a
court of equity brings into accordance with the claims
of justice. It would be an unfortunate use of language
which should lead any one to imagine he might have
justice on his side while practicing iniquity
(inequity). {Justice}, {Rectitude}. Rectitude, in its
widest sense, is one of the most comprehensive words
in our language, denoting absolute conformity to the
rule of right in principle and practice. Justice
refers more especially to the carrying out of law, and
has been considered by moralists as of three kinds:
(1) Commutative justice, which gives every man his own
property, including things pledged by promise. (2)
Distributive justice, which gives every man his exact
deserts. (3) General justice, which carries out all
the ends of law, though not in every case through the
precise channels of commutative or distributive
justice; as we see often done by a parent or a ruler
in his dealings with those who are subject to his
control.
[1913 Webster]


Justice \Jus"tice\, v. t.
To administer justice to. [Obs.] --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

150 Moby Thesaurus words for "justice":
Astraea, Dike, JP, Jupiter Fidius, Justice, Justitia, Minos,
Nemesis, Rhadamanthus, Themis, actionability, applicability,
arbiter, arbitrator, assured probity, balance, beak, bencher,
blamelessness, blindfolded Justice, cardinal virtues, character,
charity, cleanness, coequality, coextension,
constitutional validity, constitutionalism, constitutionality,
correspondence, court, critic, decency, detention, due process,
dueness, entitledness, entitlement, equality, equation,
equilibrium, equipoise, equipollence, equiponderance,
equitableness, equity, equivalence, equivalency, erectness,
estimableness, evenness, expectation, fair play, fair-mindedness,
fairness, faith, fortitude, good character, goodness, high ideals,
high principles, high-mindedness, his honor, his lordship,
his worship, honesty, honor, honorableness, hope, identity,
immaculacy, impartiality, imprisonment, incarceration, indicator,
integrity, irreproachability, irreproachableness, judge, judger,
judgment, judicatory, judicature, judicial process, judiciary,
judiciousness, jurisdiction, justiciability,
justifiable expectation, justness, law, lawfulness, legal form,
legal process, legalism, legality, legitimacy, legitimateness,
levelness, licitness, likeness, love, magistrate, meritedness,
moderator, moral excellence, moral strength, morality,
natural virtues, neutrality, nobility, objectiveness, objectivity,
par, parallelism, parity, poise, principles, prison, probity,
proportion, prudence, punishment, pureness, purity, rectitude,
referee, reputability, respectability, right, righteousness,
rightfulness, scope, stainlessness, supernatural virtues, symmetry,
temperance, the courts, the law, theological virtues, umpire,
unimpeachability, unimpeachableness, unspottedness, uprightness,
upstandingness, validity, virtue, virtuousness, worthiness

Justice
is rendering to every one that which is his due. It has been
distinguished from equity in this respect, that while justice
means merely the doing what positive law demands, equity means
the doing of what is fair and right in every separate case.

JUSTICE. The constant and perpetual disposition to render every man his due.
Just. Inst. B. 1, tit. 1. Toullier defines it to be the conformity of our
actions and our will to the law. Dr. Civ. Fr. tit. prel. n. 5. In the most
extensive sense of the word, it differs little from virtue, for it includes
within itself the whole circle of virtues. Yet the common distinction
between them is that that which considered positively and in itself, is
called virtue, when considered relatively and with respect to others, has
the name of justice. But justice being in itself a part of virtue, is
confined to things simply good or evil, and consists in a man's taking such
a proportion of them as he ought.
2. Justice is either distributive or commutative. Distributive justice
is that virtue whose object is to distribute rewards and punishments to each
one according to his merits, observing a just proportion by comparing one
person or fact with another, so that neither equal persons have unequal
things, nor unequal persons things equal. Tr. of Eq. 3, and Toullier's
learned note, Dr. Civ. Fr. tit. prel. n. 7, note.
3. Commutative justice is that virtue whose object it is to render to
every one what belongs to him, as nearly as may be, or that which governs
contracts. To render commutative justice, the judge must make an equality
between the parties, that no one may be a gainer by another's loss. Tr. Eq.
3.
4. Toullier exposes the want of utility and exactness in this division
of distributive and commutative justice, adopted in the compendium or
abridgments of the ancient doctors, and prefers the division of internal and
external justice; the first being a conformity of our will, and the latter a
conformity of our actions to the law: their union making perfect justice.
Exterior justice is the object of jurisprudence; interior justice is the
object of morality. Dr. Civ. Fr. tit. prel. n. 6 et 7.
5. According to the Frederician code, part 1, book 1, tit. 2, s. 27,
justice consists simply in letting every one enjoy the rights which he has
acquired in virtue of the laws. And as this definition includes all the
other rules of right, there is properly but one single general rule of
right, namely, Give every one his own. See, generally, Puffend. Law of
Nature and Nations, B. 1, c. 7, s. 89; Elementorum Jurisprudentiae
Universalis, lib. 1, definito, 17, 3, 1; Geo. Lib. 2, c. 11, s. 3; Ld. Bac.
Read. Stat. Uses, 306; Treatise of Equity, B. 1, c. 1, s. 1.

Justice, IL -- U.S. village in Illinois
Population (2000): 12193
Housing Units (2000): 4772
Land area (2000): 2.911751 sq. miles (7.541401 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.041734 sq. miles (0.108091 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 2.953485 sq. miles (7.649492 sq. km)
FIPS code: 38830
Located within: Illinois (IL), FIPS 17
Location: 41.746382 N, 87.834402 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 60458
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Justice, IL
Justice


Justice, OK -- U.S. Census Designated Place in Oklahoma
Population (2000): 1311
Housing Units (2000): 480
Land area (2000): 8.957846 sq. miles (23.200714 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 8.957846 sq. miles (23.200714 sq. km)
FIPS code: 38475
Located within: Oklahoma (OK), FIPS 40
Location: 36.283225 N, 95.575093 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Justice, OK
Justice

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