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phoenix    音標拼音: [f'inɪks]
n. 鳳凰

鳳凰

Phoenix
n 1: the state capital and largest city located in south central
Arizona; situated in a former desert that has become a
prosperous agricultural area thanks to irrigation [synonym:
{Phoenix}, {capital of Arizona}]
2: a large monocotyledonous genus of pinnate-leaved palms found
in Asia and Africa [synonym: {phoenix}, {genus Phoenix}]
3: a legendary Arabian bird said to periodically burn itself to
death and emerge from the ashes as a new phoenix; according
to most versions only one phoenix lived at a time and it
renewed itself every 500 years
4: a constellation in the southern hemisphere near Tucana and
Sculptor

Phenix \Phe"nix\, n.; pl. {Phenixes}. [L. phoenix, Gr. foi^nix.]
[Written also {ph[oe]nix}.]
1. (Gr. Myth.) A bird fabled to exist single, to be consumed
by fire by its own act, and to rise again from its ashes.
Hence, an emblem of immortality.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Astron.) A southern constellation.
[1913 Webster]

3. A marvelous person or thing. [R.] --Latimer.
[1913 Webster]

4. A person or thing that suffered destruction or defeat and
was restored to its former state.
[PJC]

{to rise like a phoenix}, to resume an endeavor after an
apparently final defeat.
[PJC]


Phoenix \Ph[oe]"nix\ (f[=e]"n[i^]ks), n. [L., a fabulous bird.
See {Phenix}.]
1. Same as {Phenix}. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Bot.) [Capitalized] A genus of palms including the date
tree.
[1913 Webster]

An {operating system}, built in {BCPL} on
top of {IBM} {MVT} and later {MVS} by {Cambridge University}
Computing Service from 1973 to 1995, which ran on the
university central {mainframe}. All parts of the system were
named after birds, including Eagle (the {job scheduler}, also
the nearest pub), Pigeon (the mailer), {GCAL} (the text
processor) and Wren (the command language), leading to Wren
Libraries (a local pun).

Phoenix was much used by {chemists} in daytime and by the rest
of the university in the evenings, and was only abandoned in
favour of {Unix} in 1995; it is one reason Cambridge
made little contribution to Unix until then.

{Computing Service Phoenix closure memo
(http://cam.ac.uk/cs/newsletter/1995/nl183/phoenix.html)}

(2003-12-05)

Phoenix, AZ -- U.S. city in Arizona
Population (2000): 1321045
Housing Units (2000): 495832
Land area (2000): 474.864719 sq. miles (1229.893925 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.227065 sq. miles (0.588095 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 475.091784 sq. miles (1230.482020 sq. km)
FIPS code: 55000
Located within: Arizona (AZ), FIPS 04
Location: 33.528370 N, 112.076300 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 85003 85004 85006 85007 85008 85009
85012 85013 85014 85015 85016 85017
85018 85019 85020 85021 85022 85023
85024 85028 85029 85031 85032 85033
85034 85035 85037 85039 85040 85041
85043 85044 85051
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Phoenix, AZ
Phoenix


Phoenix, NY -- U.S. village in New York
Population (2000): 2251
Housing Units (2000): 1041
Land area (2000): 1.144859 sq. miles (2.965170 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.105079 sq. miles (0.272154 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1.249938 sq. miles (3.237324 sq. km)
FIPS code: 57661
Located within: New York (NY), FIPS 36
Location: 43.231324 N, 76.298066 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 13135
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Phoenix, NY
Phoenix


Phoenix, IL -- U.S. village in Illinois
Population (2000): 2157
Housing Units (2000): 846
Land area (2000): 0.450739 sq. miles (1.167408 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.450739 sq. miles (1.167408 sq. km)
FIPS code: 59572
Located within: Illinois (IL), FIPS 17
Location: 41.612333 N, 87.630545 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Phoenix, IL
Phoenix


Phoenix, OR -- U.S. city in Oregon
Population (2000): 4060
Housing Units (2000): 1850
Land area (2000): 1.249290 sq. miles (3.235647 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1.249290 sq. miles (3.235647 sq. km)
FIPS code: 57500
Located within: Oregon (OR), FIPS 41
Location: 42.274523 N, 122.818748 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 97535
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Phoenix, OR
Phoenix

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