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Tory    音標拼音: [t'ɔri]
n. 保王黨員,保守黨員,英國派
a. 保守分子的

保王黨員,保守黨員,英國派保守分子的

Tory
n 1: an American who favored the British side during the
American Revolution
2: a member of political party in Great Britain that has been
known as the Conservative Party since 1832; was the
opposition party to the Whigs
3: a supporter of traditional political and social institutions
against the forces of reform; a political conservative

Tory \To"ry\, a.
Of or pertaining to the Tories.
[1913 Webster]


Tory \To"ry\, n.; pl. {Tories}. [ Properly used of the Irish
bogtrotters who robbed and plundered during the English civil
wars, professing to be in sympathy with the royal cause;
hence transferred to those who sought to maintain the extreme
prerogatives of the crown; probably from Ir. toiridhe, tor, a
pursuer; akin to Ir. & Gael. toir a pursuit.]
1. (Eng. Politics) A member of the conservative party, as
opposed to the progressive party which was formerly called
the Whig, and is now called the Liberal, party; an earnest
supporter of existing royal and ecclesiastical authority.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The word Tory first occurs in English history in 1679,
during the struggle in Parliament occasioned by the
introduction of the bill for the exclusion of the duke
of York from the line of succession, and was applied by
the advocates of the bill to its opponents as a title
of obloquy or contempt. The Tories subsequently took a
broader ground, and their leading principle became the
maintenance of things as they were. The name, however,
has for several years ceased to designate an existing
party, but is rather applied to certain traditional
maxims of public policy. The political successors of
the Tories are now commonly known as Conservatives.
--New Am. Cyc.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Amer. Hist.) One who, in the time of the Revolution,
favored submitting to the claims of Great Britain against
the colonies; an adherent to the crown.
[1913 Webster]

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