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alarm    音標拼音: [əl'ɑrm]
n. 警報,驚慌,警告
vt. 使驚慌,警告

警報,驚慌,警告使驚慌,警告

alarm
警報; 警鈴


alarm
報警 ALM

alarm
警報 警鈴

alarm
n 1: fear resulting from the awareness of danger [synonym: {alarm},
{dismay}, {consternation}]
2: a device that signals the occurrence of some undesirable
event [synonym: {alarm}, {warning device}, {alarm system}]
3: an automatic signal (usually a sound) warning of danger [synonym:
{alarm}, {alert}, {warning signal}, {alarum}]
4: a clock that wakes a sleeper at some preset time [synonym: {alarm
clock}, {alarm}]
v 1: fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly
surprised; "I was horrified at the thought of being late
for my interview"; "The news of the executions horrified
us" [synonym: {dismay}, {alarm}, {appal}, {appall}, {horrify}]
2: warn or arouse to a sense of danger or call to a state of
preparedness; "The empty house alarmed him"; "We alerted the
new neighbors to the high rate of burglaries" [synonym: {alarm},
{alert}]

Alarm \A*larm"\ ([.a]*l[aum]rm"), n. [F. alarme, It. all' arme
to arms ! fr. L. arma, pl., arms. See {Arms}, and cf.
{Alarum}.]
1. A summons to arms, as on the approach of an enemy.
[1913 Webster]

Arming to answer in a night alarm. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. Any sound or information intended to give notice of
approaching danger; a warning sound to arouse attention; a
warning of danger.
[1913 Webster]

Sound an alarm in my holy mountain. --Joel ii. 1.
[1913 Webster]

3. A sudden attack; disturbance; broil. [R.] "These home
alarms." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Thy palace fill with insults and alarms. --Pope.
[1913 Webster]

4. Sudden surprise with fear or terror excited by
apprehension of danger; in the military use, commonly,
sudden apprehension of being attacked by surprise.
[1913 Webster]

Alarm and resentment spread throughout the camp.
--Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

5. A mechanical contrivance for awaking persons from sleep,
or rousing their attention; an alarum.
[1913 Webster]

{Alarm bell}, a bell that gives notice on danger.

{Alarm clock} or {watch}, a clock or watch which can be so
set as to ring or strike loudly at a prearranged hour, to
wake from sleep, or excite attention.

{Alarm gauge}, a contrivance attached to a steam boiler for
showing when the pressure of steam is too high, or the
water in the boiler too low.

{Alarm post}, a place to which troops are to repair in case
of an alarm.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Fright; affright; terror; trepidation; apprehension;
consternation; dismay; agitation; disquiet; disquietude.

Usage: {Alarm}, {Fright}, {Terror}, {Consternation}. These
words express different degrees of fear at the
approach of danger. Fright is fear suddenly excited,
producing confusion of the senses, and hence it is
unreflecting. Alarm is the hurried agitation of
feeling which springs from a sense of immediate and
extreme exposure. Terror is agitating and excessive
fear, which usually benumbs the faculties.
Consternation is overwhelming fear, and carries a
notion of powerlessness and amazement. Alarm agitates
the feelings; terror disorders the understanding and
affects the will; fright seizes on and confuses the
sense; consternation takes possession of the soul, and
subdues its faculties. See {Apprehension}.
[1913 Webster]


Alarm \A*larm"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Alarmed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Alarming}.] [Alarm, n. Cf. F. alarmer.]
1. To call to arms for defense; to give notice to (any one)
of approaching danger; to rouse to vigilance and action;
to put on the alert.
[1913 Webster]

2. To keep in excitement; to disturb.
[1913 Webster]

3. To surprise with apprehension of danger; to fill with
anxiety in regard to threatening evil; to excite with
sudden fear.
[1913 Webster]

Alarmed by rumors of military preparation.
--Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

177 Moby Thesaurus words for "alarm":
Angelus, Angelus bell, Roman candle, abject fear, admonishment,
admonition, affright, aid to navigation, alarum, alert, amaze,
amber light, anxiety, apprehension, arouse, astonish, awe,
balefire, battle cry, beacon, beacon fire, bell, bell buoy,
birdcall, blinker, blue funk, blue peter, bugle call, buoy, call,
caution, caution light, caveat, cold feet, consternation,
cowardice, cry havoc, cry wolf, curdle the blood, daunt,
deterrent example, discomfort, dismay, disquiet, distress, disturb,
dread, example, excitement, fear, final notice, final warning,
flare, fly storm warnings, fog bell, fog signal, fog whistle,
foghorn, forewarning, fright, frighten, funk, glance, go light,
gong, gong buoy, green light, heliograph, high sign, hint, horn,
horrification, horripilate, horror, international alphabet flag,
international numeral pennant, kick, last post, leer, lesson,
make one tremble, marker beacon, monition, moose call, moral,
nervousness, nod, notice, notification, nudge, object lesson,
panic, panic fear, parachute flare, phobia, pilot flag, poke,
police whistle, prenotice, quarantine flag, radio beacon,
raise apprehensions, rallying cry, rebel yell, red flag, red light,
reveille, rocket, sailing aid, scare, semaphore, semaphore flag,
semaphore telegraph, shake, sign, signal, signal beacon,
signal bell, signal fire, signal flag, signal gong, signal gun,
signal lamp, signal light, signal mast, signal post, signal rocket,
signal shot, signal siren, signal tower, siren, sound the alarm,
sound the tocsin, spar buoy, spook, stagger, stampede, startle,
stop light, strain, stress, summons, surprise, taps, tension,
terrify, terror, terrorize, the nod, the wink, threat, tip-off,
tocsin, touch, traffic light, traffic signal, trepidation,
trumpet call, ultimatum, uneasiness, unholy dread, unman, unnerve,
unstring, upset, verbum sapienti, war cry, warn, warning,
warning piece, watch fire, whistle, white flag, wigwag,
wigwag flag, wink, yellow flag



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