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force    音標拼音: [f'ɔrs]
n. 力量,武力,勢力,影響力,軍隊,力,效力
vt. 強迫,強奪,推動,加壓力,提高

力量,武力,勢力,影響力,軍隊,力,效力強迫,強奪,推動,加壓力,提高

force
強制; 更換

force


force
n 1: a powerful effect or influence; "the force of his eloquence
easily persuaded them"
2: (physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical
quantity; "force equals mass times acceleration"
3: physical energy or intensity; "he hit with all the force he
could muster"; "it was destroyed by the strength of the
gale"; "a government has not the vitality and forcefulness of
a living man" [synonym: {force}, {forcefulness}, {strength}]
4: group of people willing to obey orders; "a public force is
necessary to give security to the rights of citizens" [synonym:
{force}, {personnel}]
5: a unit that is part of some military service; "he sent Caesar
a force of six thousand men" [synonym: {military unit}, {military
force}, {military group}, {force}]
6: an act of aggression (as one against a person who resists);
"he may accomplish by craft in the long run what he cannot do
by force and violence in the short one" [synonym: {violence},
{force}]
7: one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority;
"the mysterious presence of an evil power"; "may the force be
with you"; "the forces of evil" [synonym: {power}, {force}]
8: a group of people having the power of effective action; "he
joined forces with a band of adventurers"
9: (of a law) having legal validity; "the law is still in
effect" [synonym: {effect}, {force}]
10: a putout of a base runner who is required to run; the putout
is accomplished by holding the ball while touching the base
to which the runner must advance before the runner reaches
that base; "the shortstop got the runner at second on a
force" [synonym: {force out}, {force-out}, {force play},
{force}]
v 1: to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical,
moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job
in the city"; "He squeezed her for information" [synonym:
{coerce}, {hale}, {squeeze}, {pressure}, {force}]
2: urge or force (a person) to an action; constrain or motivate
[synonym: {impel}, {force}]
3: move with force, "He pushed the table into a corner" [synonym:
{push}, {force}] [ant: {draw}, {force}, {pull}]
4: impose urgently, importunately, or inexorably; "She forced
her diet fads on him" [synonym: {force}, {thrust}]
5: squeeze like a wedge into a tight space; "I squeezed myself
into the corner" [synonym: {wedge}, {squeeze}, {force}]
6: force into or from an action or state, either physically or
metaphorically; "She rammed her mind into focus"; "He drives
me mad" [synonym: {force}, {drive}, {ram}]
7: cause to move by pulling; "draw a wagon"; "pull a sled" [synonym:
{pull}, {draw}, {force}] [ant: {force}, {push}]
8: do forcibly; exert force; "Don't force it!"
9: take by force; "Storm the fort" [synonym: {storm}, {force}]

Force \Force\, v. t. [See {Farce} to stuff.]
To stuff; to lard; to farce. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

Wit larded with malice, and malice forced with wit.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]


Force \Force\, n. [Of Scand. origin; cf. Icel. fors, foss, Dan.
fos.]
A waterfall; a cascade. [Prov. Eng.]
[1913 Webster]

To see the falls for force of the river Kent. --T.
Gray.
[1913 Webster]


Force \Force\, n. [F. force, LL. forcia, fortia, fr. L. fortis
strong. See {Fort}, n.]
1. Capacity of exercising an influence or producing an
effect; strength or energy of body or mind; active power;
vigor; might; often, an unusual degree of strength or
energy; especially, power to persuade, or convince, or
impose obligation; pertinency; validity; special
signification; as, the force of an appeal, an argument, a
contract, or a term.
[1913 Webster]

He was, in the full force of the words, a good man.
--Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

2. Power exerted against will or consent; compulsory power;
violence; coercion; as, by force of arms; to take by
force.
[1913 Webster]

Which now they hold by force, and not by right.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. Strength or power for war; hence, a body of land or naval
combatants, with their appurtenances, ready for action; --
an armament; troops; warlike array; -- often in the
plural; hence, a body of men prepared for action in other
ways; as, the laboring force of a plantation; the armed
forces.
[1913 Webster]

Is Lucius general of the forces? --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Law)
(a) Strength or power exercised without law, or contrary
to law, upon persons or things; violence.
(b) Validity; efficacy. --Burrill.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Physics) Any action between two bodies which changes, or
tends to change, their relative condition as to rest or
motion; or, more generally, which changes, or tends to
change, any physical relation between them, whether
mechanical, thermal, chemical, electrical, magnetic, or of
any other kind; as, the force of gravity; cohesive force;
centrifugal force.
[1913 Webster]

{Animal force} (Physiol.), muscular force or energy.

{Catabiotic force} [Gr. ? down (intens.) ? life.] (Biol.),
the influence exerted by living structures on adjoining
cells, by which the latter are developed in harmony with
the primary structures.

{Centrifugal force}, {Centripetal force}, {Coercive force},
etc. See under {Centrifugal}, {Centripetal}, etc.

{Composition of forces}, {Correlation of forces}, etc. See
under {Composition}, {Correlation}, etc.

{Force and arms} [trans. of L. vi et armis] (Law), an
expression in old indictments, signifying violence.

{In force}, or {Of force}, of unimpaired efficacy; valid; of
full virtue; not suspended or reversed. "A testament is of
force after men are dead." --Heb. ix. 17.

{Metabolic force} (Physiol.), the influence which causes and
controls the metabolism of the body.

{No force}, no matter of urgency or consequence; no account;
hence, to do no force, to make no account of; not to heed.
[Obs.] --Chaucer.

{Of force}, of necessity; unavoidably; imperatively. "Good
reasons must, of force, give place to better." --Shak.

{Plastic force} (Physiol.), the force which presumably acts
in the growth and repair of the tissues.

{Vital force} (Physiol.), that force or power which is
inherent in organization; that form of energy which is the
cause of the vital phenomena of the body, as distinguished
from the physical forces generally known.

Syn: Strength; vigor; might; energy; stress; vehemence;
violence; compulsion; coaction; constraint; coercion.

Usage: {Force}, {Strength}. Strength looks rather to power as
an inward capability or energy. Thus we speak of the
strength of timber, bodily strength, mental strength,
strength of emotion, etc. Force, on the other hand,
looks more to the outward; as, the force of
gravitation, force of circumstances, force of habit,
etc. We do, indeed, speak of strength of will and
force of will; but even here the former may lean
toward the internal tenacity of purpose, and the
latter toward the outward expression of it in action.
But, though the two words do in a few cases touch thus
closely on each other, there is, on the whole, a
marked distinction in our use of force and strength.
"Force is the name given, in mechanical science, to
whatever produces, or can produce, motion." --Nichol.
[1913 Webster]

Thy tears are of no force to mollify
This flinty man. --Heywood.
[1913 Webster]

More huge in strength than wise in works he was.
--Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

Adam and first matron Eve
Had ended now their orisons, and found
Strength added from above, new hope to spring
Out of despair. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]


Force \Force\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Forced}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Forcing}.] [OF. forcier, F. forcer, fr. LL. forciare,
fortiare. See {Force}, n.]
1. To constrain to do or to forbear, by the exertion of a
power not resistible; to compel by physical, moral, or
intellectual means; to coerce; as, masters force slaves to
labor.
[1913 Webster]

2. To compel, as by strength of evidence; as, to force
conviction on the mind.
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3. To do violence to; to overpower, or to compel by violence
to one's will; especially, to ravish; to violate; to
commit rape upon.
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To force their monarch and insult the court.
--Dryden.
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I should have forced thee soon wish other arms.
--Milton.
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To force a spotless virgin's chastity. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. To obtain, overcome, or win by strength; to take by
violence or struggle; specifically, to capture by assault;
to storm, as a fortress; as, to force the castle; to force
a lock.
[1913 Webster]

5. To impel, drive, wrest, extort, get, etc., by main
strength or violence; -- with a following adverb, as
along, away, from, into, through, out, etc.
[1913 Webster]

It stuck so fast, so deeply buried lay
That scarce the victor forced the steel away.
--Dryden.
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To force the tyrant from his seat by war. --Sahk.
[1913 Webster]

Ethelbert ordered that none should be forced into
religion. --Fuller.
[1913 Webster]

6. To put in force; to cause to be executed; to make binding;
to enforce. [Obs.]
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What can the church force more? --J. Webster.
[1913 Webster]

7. To exert to the utmost; to urge; hence, to strain; to urge
to excessive, unnatural, or untimely action; to produce by
unnatural effort; as, to force a conceit or metaphor; to
force a laugh; to force fruits.
[1913 Webster]

High on a mounting wave my head I bore,
Forcing my strength, and gathering to the shore.
--Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Whist) To compel (an adversary or partner) to trump a
trick by leading a suit of which he has none.
[1913 Webster]

9. To provide with forces; to re["e]nforce; to strengthen by
soldiers; to man; to garrison. [Obs.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

10. To allow the force of; to value; to care for. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

For me, I force not argument a straw. --Shak.

Syn: To compel; constrain; oblige; necessitate; coerce;
drive; press; impel.
[1913 Webster]


Force \Force\, v. i. [Obs. in all the senses.]
1. To use violence; to make violent effort; to strive; to
endeavor.
[1913 Webster]

Forcing with gifts to win his wanton heart.
--Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

2. To make a difficult matter of anything; to labor; to
hesitate; hence, to force of, to make much account of; to
regard.
[1913 Webster]

Your oath once broke, you force not to forswear.
--Shak.
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I force not of such fooleries. --Camden.
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3. To be of force, importance, or weight; to matter.
[1913 Webster]

It is not sufficient to have attained the name and
dignity of a shepherd, not forcing how. --Udall.
[1913 Webster]

538 Moby Thesaurus words for "force":
Niagara, abuse, actuate, acuteness, administer, adventuresomeness,
adventurousness, affective meaning, aggression, aggressiveness,
ambitiousness, amount, amperage, amplitude, animality, animate,
apply, arm, armed forces, armipotence, army, ascendancy, assault,
atrocity, authoritativeness, authority, backlash, backset,
backwash, barbarity, bear, bear upon, bearing, beef, bestow,
betray, big battalions, bind, binding, bite, bitingness,
black power, bloodlust, boost, break, brutality, brute force, buck,
bulk, bull, bulldoze, bump, bump against, bunt, butt, butt against,
carat, cascade, cataract, cause, cause to, centigram, charge,
charisma, charm, chute, clout, coerce, coercion, cogence, cogency,
coloring, command, compel, compulsion, concuss, connotation,
consequence, constrain, constraint, control, crack, cram, cram in,
credit, crew, crowd, crowd in, cultivate, culture, current, cut,
cuttingness, debauch, decagram, deceive, decigram, decisiveness,
defile, deflorate, deflower, delve, demand, demonic energy,
denotation, despoil, destructiveness, dig, dint, dominance,
domination, dose, dose with, drag, dragoon, dram, dram avoirdupois,
dress, drift, drive, drive in, duress, dynamism, dyne, effect,
effective, effectiveness, effectuality, efficacy, effort, elbow,
eminence, employees, enchantment, endurance, energize, energy,
enforce, enforce upon, enjoin, enterprise, enterprisingness, ergal,
essence, esteem, exact, extension, extent, extort, extract,
extremity, fall, fallow, falls, favor, ferociousness, fertilize,
fierceness, flower power, force in, force majeure, force upon,
forcefulness, fortitude, foster, full blast, full force,
furiousness, galvanize, gang, get-up-and-get, get-up-and-go, getup,
gist, give, go, go-ahead, go-getting, go-to-itiveness, goad,
good feeling, grain, gram, grammatical meaning, gumption, guts,
gutsiness, hardiness, harrow, harshness, have, headway, heartiness,
help, hired help, hoe, hold, hundredweight, hurtle, hustle, idea,
impact, impel, impetuosity, impetus, implication, import,
importance, impose, impress, impression, impressiveness, imprint,
in effect, in force, in operation, incidental power, incisiveness,
inclemency, influence, influentiality, inhumanity, initiative,
insinuation, intension, intensity, intestinal fortitude,
intimidate, jab, jam, jam in, jog, joggle, jolt, jostle, justness,
kilo, kilogram, kinetic energy, knock in, lay on, lead astray,
leadership, leverage, lexical meaning, linn, list, literal meaning,
lustihood, lustiness, magnetism, magnitude, main force,
main strength, make, malignity, mana, mark, mass, mastery, matter,
meaning, measure, measurement, megaton, men, mercilessness,
mete out to, might, might and main, mightiness, military,
milligram, mindlessness, mislead, mole, moment, momentum, mordancy,
motivate, move, move to action, moxie, mulch, murderousness,
muscle, muscle power, naked force, nappe, nervosity, nervousness,
nudge, numbers, oblige, obstinacy, occasion, operative, order,
ounce, ounce avoirdupois, ounce troy, outrage, overtone, pack in,
pains, pennyweight, persistence, personality, personnel,
persuasion, pertinence, physical force, pile drive, pith,
pitilessness, pizzazz, plow, plunge in, poignancy, point, poke,
poke in, poop, potence, potency, potential energy, potentiality,
pound, pound avoirdupois, pound in, pound troy, poundal, power,
power pack, power structure, power struggle, powerfulness,
practical consequence, predominance, preponderance, prepotency,
prescribe for, press, press in, pressure, prestige, print, prise,
prize, prod, productiveness, productivity, promote, propel, prune,
pry, puissance, pull, punch, purchase, purport, push, push in,
pushfulness, pushiness, pushingness, put on, put upon, quantity,
quantum, rake, ram, ram down, ram in, range of meaning, rape,
rattle, ravage, ravish, reaction, real meaning, recoil, reference,
referent, reflex, reign, relation, relevance, repercussion, repute,
require, response, restrain, retinue, rigor, robustness, roughness,
ruggedness, ruin, rule, rule of might, run, run against, run in,
sandbag, sault, savagery, say, scope, scruple, seduce,
semantic cluster, semantic field, sense, servantry, set in motion,
severity, shake, sharpness, shotgun, shoulder, shove, significance,
signification, significatum, signifie, sinew, sinewiness, slug,
soil, soldiers, solidity, soundness, spade, span of meaning, spark,
speed, spirit, spoil, spout, spunk, squeeze in, staff,
stalwartness, stamina, staying power, steam, steamroller,
sticking power, stimulate, stone, stoutness, strain, strength,
strength of will, strenuousness, stress, strong arm,
strong language, structural meaning, stuff in, sturdiness, suasion,
substance, substantiality, subtle influence, suggestion, sully,
sum, sum and substance, superiority, superpower, supremacy, sway,
symbolic meaning, tamp, tamp in, tenor, tension, terrorism,
the help, thin, thin out, thrust, thrust in, tie, till,
till the soil, ton, totality of associations, toughness,
transferred meaning, trenchancy, troops, trouble, tyranny,
ultima ratio, unadorned meaning, undertone, units of weight,
up-and-comingness, upper hand, use force upon, valid, validity,
value, vandalism, vehemence, velocity, venom, venturesomeness,
venturousness, viciousness, vigor, vigorousness, vim, violate,
violence, virility, virtue, virulence, visit, vitality, waterfall,
watershoot, wattage, wedge in, weed, weed out, weight, whip hand,
whole, work, wreak, wreck, wrench, wrest, wring

A {dBASE} dialect for {MS-DOS}.

FORCE. A power put in motion. It is: 1. Actual; or 2. Implied.
2.-1. If a person with force break a door or gate for an illegal
purpose, it is lawful to oppose force to force; and if one enter the close
of another, vi et armis, he may be expelled immediately, without a previous
request; for there is no time to make a request. 2 Salk. 641; 8 T. R. 78,
357. And see tit. Battery, Sec. 2. When it is necessary to rely upon actual
force in pleading, as in the case of a forcible entry, the words "manu
forti," or with a strong hand should be adopted. 8 T. R. 357 358. But in
other cases, the words "vi et armis," or "with force and arms," is
sufficient. Id.
3.-2. The entry into the ground of another, without his consent, is
breaking his close, for force is implied in every trespass quare clausum
fregit. 1 Salk. 641; Co. Litt. 257, b; 161, b; 162, a; 1 Saund: 81, 140, n.
4 8 T: R. 78, 358; Bac. Ab. Trespass; this Dict. tit. Close. In the case of
false imprisonment, force is implied. 1 N. R. 255. And the same rule
prevails where a wife, a daughter or servant, have been enticed away or
debauched, though in fact they consented, the law considering them incapable
of consenting. See 3 Wils. 18; Fitz. N. B. 89, 0; 5 T. R. 361; 6 East, 387;
2 N. R. 365, 454.
4. In general, a mere nonfeasance cannot be considered as forcible; for
where there has been no act, there cannot be force, as in the case of the
mere detention of goods without an unlawful taking. 2 Saund. 47, k 1. In
general, by force is understood unlawful violence. Co. Litt. 161, b.; Bouv.
Inst. Index, h.t. Vide Arms.

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