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ideology    音標拼音: [,ɑɪdi'ɑlədʒi]
n. 觀念學,空論,意識形態,思想

觀念學,空論,意識形態,思想

ideology
n 1: an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group
or nation [synonym: {political orientation}, {ideology},
{political theory}]
2: imaginary or visionary theorization

Ideology \I`de*ol"o*gy\, n. [Ideo- -logy: cf. F.
id['e]ologie.]
1. The science of ideas. --Stewart.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Metaph.) A theory of the origin of ideas which derives
them exclusively from sensation.
[1913 Webster]

Note: By a double blunder in philosophy and Greek,
id['e]ologie . . . has in France become the name
peculiarly distinctive of that philosophy of mind which
exclusively derives our knowledge from sensation. --Sir
W. Hamilton.

3. A set or system of theories and beliefs held by an
individual or group, especially about sociopolitical goals
and methods to attain them; in common usage, ideology is
such a set of beliefs so strongly held by their adherents
as to cause them to ignore evidence against such beliefs,
and thus fall into error -- in this sense it is viewed as
a negative trait; contrasted to {pragmatism}, and distinct
from idealism.
[PJC]

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