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literature    音標拼音: [l'ɪtɚətʃɚ]
n. U文學,文學作品;文獻

U文學,文學作品;文獻

literature
文獻查尋

literature
*文獻

literature
n 1: creative writing of recognized artistic value
2: the humanistic study of a body of literature; "he took a
course in Russian lit" [synonym: {literature}, {lit}]
3: published writings in a particular style on a particular
subject; "the technical literature"; "one aspect of Waterloo
has not yet been treated in the literature"
4: the profession or art of a writer; "her place in literature
is secure"

Literature \Lit"er*a*ture\ (l[i^]t"[~e]r*[.a]*t[-u]r; 135), n.
[F. litt['e]rature, L. litteratura, literatura, learning,
grammar, writing, fr. littera, litera, letter. See {Letter}.]
1. Learning; acquaintance with letters or books.
[1913 Webster]

2. The collective body of literary productions, embracing the
entire results of knowledge and fancy preserved in
writing; also, the whole body of literary productions or
writings upon a given subject, or in reference to a
particular science or branch of knowledge, or of a given
country or period; as, the literature of Biblical
criticism; the literature of chemistry.
[1913 Webster]

3. The class of writings distinguished for beauty of style or
expression, as poetry, essays, or history, in distinction
from scientific treatises and works which contain positive
knowledge; belles-lettres.
[1913 Webster]

4. The occupation, profession, or business of doing literary
work. --Lamb.

Syn: Science; learning; erudition; belles-lettres.

Usage: See {Science}. -- {Literature}, {Learning},
{Erudition}. Literature, in its widest sense, embraces
all compositions in writing or print which preserve
the results of observation, thought, or fancy; but
those upon the positive sciences (mathematics, etc.)
are usually excluded. It is often confined, however,
to belles-lettres, or works of taste and sentiment, as
poetry, eloquence, history, etc., excluding abstract
discussions and mere erudition. A man of literature
(in this narrowest sense) is one who is versed in
belles-lettres; a man of learning excels in what is
taught in the schools, and has a wide extent of
knowledge, especially, in respect to the past; a man
of erudition is one who is skilled in the more
recondite branches of learned inquiry.
[1913 Webster]

The origin of all positive science and
philosophy, as well as of all literature and
art, in the forms in which they exist in
civilized Europe, must be traced to the Greeks.
--Sir G. C.
Lewis.
[1913 Webster]

Learning thy talent is, but mine is sense.
--Prior.
[1913 Webster]

Some gentlemen, abounding in their university
erudition, fill their sermons with philosophical
terms. --Swift.
[1913 Webster]

102 Moby Thesaurus words for "literature":
French literature, Renaissance literature, ancient literature,
article, autograph, belles lettres, belles-lettres, bibliography,
body of knowledge, body of learning, brainchild, brochures,
circulars, classics, composition, computer printout,
contemporary literature, copy, cyclopedia, data, document, draft,
edited version, encyclopedia, engrossment, erotic literature,
erotica, essay, facts, fair copy, fiction, final draft,
finished version, first draft, flimsy, folk literature, holograph,
humane letters, information, kitsch, leaflets, letter, letters,
literae scriptae, literary artefact, literary production, lore,
lucubration, manuscript, materials, matter, medieval literature,
national literature, nonfiction, obscene literature, opus,
original, pamphlets, paper, parchment, penscript, piece,
piece of writing, play, poem, polite literature, pop literature,
popular literature, pornographic literature, pornography,
printed matter, printout, production, propaganda,
pseudonymous literature, publications, publicity, reading matter,
recension, republic of letters, scatological literature, screed,
scrip, script, scrive, scroll, second draft, serious literature,
store of knowledge, system of knowledge, the written word,
transcript, transcription, travel literature,
treasury of information, typescript, underground literature,
version, wisdom literature, work, writing, writings



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