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lower    音標拼音: [l'oɚ]
a. 較低的;地位較低的,低等的;低年級的;下游的
vt. 放下,降下,放低;減低

較低的;地位較低的,低等的;低年級的;下游的放下,降下,放低;減低

lower
較低 LWR

lower


lower
n 1: the lower of two berths [synonym: {lower berth}, {lower}]
v 1: move something or somebody to a lower position; "take down
the vase from the shelf" [synonym: {lower}, {take down}, {let
down}, {get down}, {bring down}] [ant: {bring up},
{elevate}, {get up}, {lift}, {raise}]
2: set lower; "lower a rating"; "lower expectations" [synonym:
{lower}, {lour}]
3: make lower or quieter; "turn down the volume of a radio"
[synonym: {turn down}, {lower}, {lour}]
4: cause to drop or sink; "The lack of rain had depressed the
water level in the reservoir" [synonym: {lower}, {depress}]
5: look angry or sullen, wrinkle one's forehead, as if to signal
disapproval [synonym: {frown}, {glower}, {lour}, {lower}]

Low \Low\ (l[=o]), a. [Compar. {Lower} (l[=o]"[~e]r); superl.
{Lowest}.] [OE. low, louh, lah, Icel. l[=a]gr; akin to Sw.
l[*a]g, Dan. lav, D. laag, and E. lie. See {Lie} to be
prostrate.]
[1913 Webster]
1. Occupying an inferior position or place; not high or
elevated; depressed in comparison with something else; as,
low ground; a low flight.
[1913 Webster]

2. Not rising to the usual height; as, a man of low stature;
a low fence.
[1913 Webster]

3. Near the horizon; as, the sun is low at four o'clock in
winter, and six in summer.
[1913 Webster]

4. Sunk to the farthest ebb of the tide; as, low tide.
[1913 Webster]

5. Beneath the usual or remunerative rate or amount, or the
ordinary value; moderate; cheap; as, the low price of
corn; low wages.
[1913 Webster]

6. Not loud; as, a low voice; a low sound.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Mus.) Depressed in the scale of sounds; grave; as, a low
pitch; a low note.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Phon.) Made, as a vowel, with a low position of part of
the tongue in relation to the palate; as, [a^] ([a^]m),
[add] ([add]ll). See Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect]
5, 10, 11.
[1913 Webster]

9. Near, or not very distant from, the equator; as, in the
low northern latitudes.
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10. Numerically small; as, a low number.
[1913 Webster]

11. Wanting strength or animation; depressed; dejected; as,
low spirits; low in spirits.
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12. Depressed in condition; humble in rank; as, men of low
condition; the lower classes.
[1913 Webster]

Why but to keep ye low and ignorant ? --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

13. Mean; vulgar; base; dishonorable; as, a person of low
mind; a low trick or stratagem.
[1913 Webster]

14. Not elevated or sublime; not exalted in thought or
diction; as, a low comparison.
[1913 Webster]

In comparison of these divine writers, the noblest
wits of the heathen world are low and dull.
--Felton.
[1913 Webster]

15. Submissive; humble. "Low reverence." --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

16. Deficient in vital energy; feeble; weak; as, a low pulse;
made low by sickness.
[1913 Webster]

17. Moderate; not intense; not inflammatory; as, low heat; a
low temperature; a low fever.
[1913 Webster]

18. Smaller than is reasonable or probable; as, a low
estimate.
[1913 Webster]

19. Not rich, high seasoned, or nourishing; plain; simple;
as, a low diet.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Low is often used in the formation of compounds which
require no special explanation; as, low-arched,
low-browed, low-crowned, low-heeled, low-lying,
low-priced, low-roofed, low-toned, low-voiced, and the
like.
[1913 Webster]

{Low Church}. See {High Church}, under {High}.

{Low Countries}, the Netherlands.

{Low German}, {Low Latin}, etc. See under {German}, {Latin},
etc.

{Low life}, humble life.

{Low milling}, a process of making flour from grain by a
single grinding and by siftings.

{Low relief}. See {Bas-relief}.

{Low side window} (Arch.), a peculiar form of window common
in medi[ae]val churches, and of uncertain use. Windows of
this sort are narrow, near the ground, and out of the line
of the windows, and in many different situations in the
building.

{Low spirits}, despondency.

{Low steam}, steam having a low pressure.

{Low steel}, steel which contains only a small proportion of
carbon, and can not be hardened greatly by sudden cooling.


{Low Sunday}, the Sunday next after Easter; -- popularly so
called.

{Low tide}, the farthest ebb of the tide; the tide at its
lowest point; low water.

{Low water}.
(a) The lowest point of the ebb tide; a low stage of the
in a river, lake, etc.
(b) (Steam Boiler) The condition of an insufficient
quantity of water in the boiler.

{Low water alarm} or {Low water indicator} (Steam Boiler), a
contrivance of various forms attached to a boiler for
giving warning when the water is low.

{Low water mark}, that part of the shore to which the waters
recede when the tide is the lowest. --Bouvier.

{Low wine}, a liquor containing about 20 percent of alcohol,
produced by the first distillation of wash; the first run
of the still; -- often in the plural.
[1913 Webster]


Lower \Low"er\, v. i.
To fall; to sink; to grow less; to diminish; to decrease; as,
the river lowered as rapidly as it rose.
[1913 Webster]


Lower \Low"er\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Lowered}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Lowering}.] [OE. lowren, luren; cf. D. loeren, LG. luren. G.
lauern to lurk, to be on the watch, and E. leer, lurk.]
1. To be dark, gloomy, and threatening, as clouds; to be
covered with dark and threatening clouds, as the sky; to
show threatening signs of approach, as a tempest.
[1913 Webster]

All the clouds that lowered upon our house. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. To frown; to look sullen.
[1913 Webster]

But sullen discontent sat lowering on her face.
--Dryden.
[1913 Webster]


Lower \Low"er\, a.
Compar. of {Low}, a.
[1913 Webster]


Lower \Low"er\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Lowered}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Lowering}.] [From {Low}, a.]
1. To let descend by its own weight, as something suspended;
to let down; as, to lower a bucket into a well; to lower a
sail or a boat; sometimes, to pull down; as, to lower a
flag.
[1913 Webster]

Lowered softly with a threefold cord of love
Down to a silent grave. --Tennyson.
[1913 Webster]

2. To reduce the height of; as, to lower a fence or wall; to
lower a chimney or turret.
[1913 Webster]

3. To depress as to direction; as, to lower the aim of a gun;
to make less elevated as to object; as, to lower one's
ambition, aspirations, or hopes.
[1913 Webster]

4. To reduce the degree, intensity, strength, etc., of; as,
to lower the temperature of anything; to lower one's
vitality; to lower distilled liquors.
[1913 Webster]

5. To bring down; to humble; as, to lower one's pride.
[1913 Webster]

6. To reduce in value, amount, etc.; as, to lower the price
of goods, the rate of interest, etc.
[1913 Webster]


Lower \Low"er\, n. [Obs.]
1. Cloudiness; gloominess.
[1913 Webster]

2. A frowning; sullenness.
[1913 Webster] adj.

1. relating to small or noncapital letters which were kept in
the lower half of a compositor's type case. Also See
{minuscule}, {minuscular}.
[WordNet 1.5] lowercase

317 Moby Thesaurus words for "lower":
abase, abash, abated, ablated, abridge, apprehend, approach,
attenuated, await, bated, be imminent, be in store, bear down,
beat down, belittle, belittled, bludgeon, bode, bore, break, brew,
bring down, bring low, bulldoze, bump, burrow, bust, cast down,
cave, cave in, cheapen, clip, color, come on, comminate, common,
compress, condescend, confront, consumed, contracted, couch,
countersink, croak, crop, crush, curtail, curtailed, cut, cut back,
cut down, cut off, cut prices, damp, dampen, dampen the spirits,
darken, darkle, dash, de-escalate, debase, decline, decrease,
decreased, decry, deduct, deepen, deflate, deflated, degrade,
deign, deject, delve, demean, demeaning, demit, demote, denounce,
deplume, depreciate, depress, descend, detrude, devaluate, devalue,
dig, dig out, dike, dim, diminish, diminished, disadvantaged,
discount, discourage, discredit, disgrace, disgrade, dishearten,
dispirit, displume, dissipated, dive, down, downbear, downgrade,
draw near, draw nigh, draw on, dredge, drill, drive, droop, drop,
dropped, dump, dump on, dusk, earlier, eroded, excavate, face,
fall, fall in price, fallen, flop, flop down, flump, flump down,
flush, forebode, forewarn, forthcome, founder, frown, furrow,
gather, give way, glare, gloam, gloom, gloominess, glower, gnarl,
go down, gouge, gouge out, grimace, groove, grow dark, grow dim,
growl, grub, hang over, haul down, have a premonition,
have a presentiment, hover, humble, humiliate, impend,
in the shade, indent, inferior, infra dig, intimidate, jew down,
junior, knit the brow, knock down, lapse, less, lessen, lesser,
let down, lie over, long face, look black, look daggers,
look sullen, look threatening, loom, low, lower case,
lower the spirits, lowered, lowering, lowest, lowly, make a lip,
make a moue, mantle, mark, mark down, menace, mine, miniaturized,
minor, minuscule, moderate, modest, modulate, moue, mow, near,
nether, nose-dive, oppress, ordinary, overhang, pare, peer, plop,
plop down, plummet, plump, plunge, portend, pout, preapprehend,
press down, pull down, push down, put down, quarry, quieten,
redden, reduce, reduced, retrench, retrenched, roll back, sadden,
sag, sap, scale down, scaled-down, scoop, scoop out, scowl,
scrabble, scrape, scratch, second rank, second string, secondary,
servile, set, set down, settle, settle down, shame, shave, shorn,
shorten, shorter, shovel, shrunk, shrunken, simplify, sink,
sink down, slash, slouch, slump, slump down, small, smaller, snap,
snarl, soften, somber, somberness, sombrousness, spade, spit,
stare, step down, stoop, strip of rank, sub, subaltern, subjacent,
subject, submerge, subordinate, subservient, subside, swag,
take down, take from, third rank, third string, threaten,
thrust down, tone down, trench, trim, trip up, trough, tune down,
tunnel, turn down, under, underprivileged, underprize, undervalue,
utter threats against, vulgar, warn, watered-down, weakened,
weigh heavy upon, weigh upon, worn, write down, write off,
wry face

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