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official    音標拼音: [əf'ɪʃəl]
n. 官員,公務員,職員
a. 公務的,官方的,正式的

官員,公務員,職員公務的,官方的,正式的

official
adj 1: having official authority or sanction; "official
permission"; "an official representative" [ant:
{unofficial}]
2: of or relating to an office; "official privileges"
3: verified officially; "the election returns are now official"
4: conforming to set usage, procedure, or discipline; "in
prescribed order" [synonym: {official}, {prescribed}]
5: (of a church) given official status as a national or state
institution
n 1: a worker who holds or is invested with an office [synonym:
{official}, {functionary}]
2: someone who administers the rules of a game or sport; "the
golfer asked for an official who could give him a ruling"

Official \Of*fi"cial\, a. [L. officialis: cf. F. officiel. See
{Office}, and cf. {Official}, n.]
1. Of or pertaining to an office or public trust; as,
official duties, or routine.
[1913 Webster]

That, in the official marks invested, you
Anon do meet the senate. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. Derived from the proper office or officer, or from the
proper authority; made or communicated by virtue of
authority; as, an official statement or report.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Pharm.) Approved by authority; sanctioned by the
pharmacopoeia; appointed to be used in medicine; as, an
official drug or preparation. Cf. {Officinal}.
[1913 Webster]

4. Discharging an office or function. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

The stomach and other parts official unto nutrition.
--Sir T.
Browne.
[1913 Webster]


Official \Of*fi"cial\, n. [L. officialis a magistrate's servant
or attendant: cf. F. official. See {Official}, a., and cf.
{Officer}.]
1. One who holds an office; esp., a subordinate executive
officer or attendant.
[1913 Webster]

2. An ecclesiastical judge appointed by a bishop, chapter,
archdeacon, etc., with charge of the spiritual
jurisdiction. --Blackstone.
[1913 Webster]


established \established\ adj.
1. brought about or set up or accepted; especially long and
widely accepted; as, distrust of established authority; a
team established as a member of a major league; enjoyed
his prestige as an established writer; an established
precedent; the established Church. Contrasted with
{unestablished}. [Narrower terms: {entrenched};
{implanted, planted, rooted}; {official}; {recognized}]
[WordNet 1.5]

2. securely established; as, an established reputation.

Syn: firm.
[WordNet 1.5]

3. settled securely and unconditionally.

Syn: accomplished, effected.
[WordNet 1.5]

4. conforming with accepted standards.
[WordNet 1.5]

5. shown to be valid beyond a reasonable doubt; as, the
established facts in the case.

Syn: proved.
[WordNet 1.5 PJC]

6. (Bot.) introduced from another region and persisting
without cultivation; -- of plants.

Syn: naturalized.
[WordNet 1.5 PJC]

236 Moby Thesaurus words for "official":
Federal, absolute, accepted, accredited, administrative,
administrator, agent, amanuensis, apparently, approved, archon,
aristocratic, ascendant, authentic, authoritarian, authoritative,
authorized, autocratic, autonomous, baggage agent, binding,
bona fide, booked, bureaucrat, bureaucratic, business agent,
canonical, cathedral, ceremonial, ceremonious, certified,
chancellor, chief executive, chief executive officer, civic, civil,
civil servant, claim agent, cleared, clerk, clothed with authority,
commanding, commercial agent, commission agent, competent,
consequential, considerable, consignee, constitutional,
controlling, customer agent, dean, decorous, democratic, despotic,
dictated, dictatorial, didactic, directing, documented, dominant,
down, duly constituted, dupe, eminent, empowered, endorsed,
enrolled, entered, evidently, ex cathedra, ex officio, exec,
executive, executive director, executive officer,
executive secretary, factor, fascist, fed, federal, federal agent,
federalist, federalistic, filed, formal, formulary, freight agent,
functional, functionary, functionnaire, general agent, governing,
governmental, great, gubernatorial, hard and fast, hegemonic,
hegemonistic, heteronomous, imperative, implement, important,
indexed, industrial, influential, inscribed, instructive,
instrument, insurance agent, jack-in-office, land agent, law agent,
lawful, leading, legal, legitimate, licensed, literary agent,
loan agent, logged, magisterial, magistrate, management, manager,
managing, managing director, mandarin, mandatory, matriarchal,
matriarchic, mighty, ministerial, minuted, momentous, monarchal,
monarchial, monarchic, monocratic, news agent, of record,
office-bearer, officeholder, officer, officially, officiary,
oligarchal, oligarchic, on file, on record, on the books,
outwardly, parliamentarian, parliamentary, parliamentary agent,
passenger agent, patriarchal, patriarchic, petty tyrant, placeman,
pluralistic, political, pompous, posted, potent, powerful,
preceptive, preeminent, prefect, prescribed, prescript,
prescriptive, president, press agent, prestigious, prexy, pro,
professedly, professional, prominent, proper, provost,
public official, public servant, puissant, puppet,
purchasing agent, ranking, real estate agent, received, recognized,
recorded, red-tapist, registered, regulation, republican,
ritualistic, rubric, ruling, sales agent, sanctioned, secretary,
seemingly, seemly, self-governing, senior, solemn, special agent,
standard, station agent, statutory, steward, stiff, substantial,
superior, supervisory, supreme, technical, the administration,
theatrical agent, theocratic, ticket agent, tool, totalitarian,
travel agent, treasurer, true, valid, verified, vice-chancellor,
vice-president, vocational, walking delegate, warden, weighty,
written down



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