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patronage    音標拼音: [p'ætrənɪdʒ] [p'etrənədʒ] [p'etrənɪdʒ]
n. 贊助,光顧,任免權,保護人的身分

贊助,光顧,任免權,保護人的身分

patronage
n 1: the act of providing approval and support; "his vigorous
backing of the conservatives got him in trouble with
progressives" [synonym: {backing}, {backup}, {championship},
{patronage}]
2: customers collectively; "they have an upper class clientele"
[synonym: {clientele}, {patronage}, {business}]
3: a communication that indicates lack of respect by patronizing
the recipient [synonym: {condescension}, {disdain}, {patronage}]
4: (politics) granting favors or giving contracts or making
appointments to office in return for political support
5: the business given to a commercial establishment by its
customers; "even before noon there was a considerable
patronage" [synonym: {trade}, {patronage}]
v 1: support by being a patron of
2: be a regular customer or client of; "We patronize this
store"; "Our sponsor kept our art studio going for as long as
he could" [synonym: {patronize}, {patronise}, {patronage},
{support}, {keep going}]

Patronage \Pa"tron*age\, n. [F. patronage. Cf. LL. patronaticum,
and L. patronatus.]
1. Special countenance or support; favor, encouragement, or
aid, afforded to a person or a work; as, the patronage of
letters; patronage given to an author.
[1913 Webster]

2. Business custom. [Commercial Cant]
[1913 Webster]

3. Guardianship, as of a saint; tutelary care. --Addison.
[1913 Webster]

4. The right of nomination to political office; also, the
offices, contracts, honors, etc., which a public officer
may bestow by favor.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Eng. Law) The right of presentation to church or
ecclesiastical benefice; advowson. --Blackstone.
[1913 Webster]


Patronage \Pa"tron*age\, v. t.
To act as a patron of; to maintain; to defend. [Obs.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

104 Moby Thesaurus words for "patronage":
abetment, administration, advocacy, advocating, advocation, aegis,
aid, auspices, backing, benefaction, bias, boosting, business,
care, carriage trade, certificate of character, championship,
character, character reference, charge, charity, clientage,
clientele, condescension, contempt, contumely, countenance,
credential, cure, custodianship, custody, custom, deigning,
disdain, encouragement, favor, favoritism, favors of office,
financing, fosterage, good name, goodwill, governance, government,
guardianship, guidance, hands, help, humiliation, interest,
jurisdiction, keeping, letter of introduction, management, market,
melon, ministry, nepotism, oversight, partiality, pastorage,
pastorate, pastorship, patronizing, plum, political patronage,
pork, pork barrel, pork-barreling, preference, promotion,
protection, protectorship, public, purchasing public, recommend,
recommendation, reference, repute, rural market, safe hands, scorn,
seconding, spoils system, sponsorship, stewardship, stooping,
subsidy, suburban market, superiority, support, sympathy,
testimonial, trade, trading, traffic, tutelage, voucher, ward,
wardenship, wardship, watch and ward, wing, youth market



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