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plum    音標拼音: [pl'ʌm]
n. 李子,梅子

李子,梅子

plum
adv 1: exactly; "fell plumb in the middle of the puddle" [synonym:
{plumb}, {plum}]
2: completely; used as intensifiers; "clean forgot the
appointment"; "I'm plumb (or plum) tuckered out" [synonym:
{clean}, {plumb}, {plum}]
n 1: any of several trees producing edible oval fruit having a
smooth skin and a single hard stone [synonym: {plum}, {plum
tree}]
2: any of numerous varieties of small to medium-sized round or
oval fruit having a smooth skin and a single pit
3: a highly desirable position or assignment; "a political plum"

Plum \Plum\, n. [AS. pl[=u]me, fr. L. prunum; akin to Gr. ?, ?.
Cf. {Prune} a dried plum.]
[1913 Webster]
1. (Bot.) The edible drupaceous fruit of the {Prunus
domestica}, and of several other species of {Prunus};
also, the tree itself, usually called {plum tree}.
[1913 Webster]

The bullace, the damson, and the numerous varieties
of plum, of our gardens, although growing into
thornless trees, are believed to be varieties of the
blackthorn, produced by long cultivation. --G.
Bentham.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Two or three hundred varieties of plums derived from
the {Prunus domestica} are described; among them the
{greengage}, the {Orleans}, the {purple gage}, or
{Reine Claude Violette}, and the {German prune}, are
some of the best known.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Among the true plums are;

{Beach plum}, the {Prunus maritima}, and its crimson or
purple globular drupes,

{Bullace plum}. See {Bullace}.

{Chickasaw plum}, the American {Prunus Chicasa}, and its
round red drupes.

{Orleans plum}, a dark reddish purple plum of medium size,
much grown in England for sale in the markets.

{Wild plum of America}, {Prunus Americana}, with red or
yellow fruit, the original of the {Iowa plum} and several
other varieties.
[1913 Webster] Among plants called plum, but of other
genera than {Prunus}, are;

{Australian plum}, {Cargillia arborea} and {Cargillia
australis}, of the same family with the persimmon.

{Blood plum}, the West African {H[ae]matostaphes Barteri}.

{Cocoa plum}, the Spanish nectarine. See under {Nectarine}.


{Date plum}. See under {Date}.

{Gingerbread plum}, the West African {Parinarium
macrophyllum}.

{Gopher plum}, the Ogeechee lime.

{Gray plum}, {Guinea plum}. See under {Guinea}.

{Indian plum}, several species of {Flacourtia}.
[1913 Webster]

2. A grape dried in the sun; a raisin.
[1913 Webster]

3. A handsome fortune or property; formerly, in cant
language, the sum of [pounds]100,000 sterling; also, the
person possessing it.
[1913 Webster]

4. Something likened to a plum in desirableness; a good or
choice thing of its kind, as among appointments,
positions, parts of a book, etc.; as, the mayor rewarded
his cronies with cushy plums, requiring little work for
handsome pay
[Webster 1913 Suppl. PJC]

5. A color resembling that of a plum; a slightly grayish deep
purple, varying somewhat in its red or blue tint.
[PJC]

{Plum bird}, {Plum budder} (Zool.), the European bullfinch.


{Plum gouger} (Zool.), a weevil, or curculio ({Coccotorus
scutellaris}), which destroys plums. It makes round holes
in the pulp, for the reception of its eggs. The larva
bores into the stone and eats the kernel.

{Plum weevil} (Zool.), an American weevil which is very
destructive to plums, nectarines, cherries, and many other
stone fruits. It lays its eggs in crescent-shaped
incisions made with its jaws. The larva lives upon the
pulp around the stone. Called also {turk}, and {plum
curculio}. See Illust. under {Curculio}.
[1913 Webster]

116 Moby Thesaurus words for "plum":
Mars violet, Tyrian purple, accrued dividends,
accumulated dividends, ambition, amethyst, bawbee, boast, bonus,
carrot, cash dividend, catch, clematis, coup, cream, crown,
cumulative dividend, dahlia, damson, dearest wish, desideration,
desideratum, desire, diamond, dividend, dollar, extra dividend,
farthing, favors of office, find, fiver, florin, forbidden fruit,
fourpence, fourpenny, fuchsia, gem, glimmering goal, godsend,
golden vision, good thing, grape, groat, guerdon, guinea,
half crown, half dollar, halfpenny, heliotrope, hope, hyacinth,
imperial purple, interest, interim dividend, jewel, lavender,
lilac, lodestone, mag, magenta, magnet, mallow, mauve, meed, meg,
melon, mite, monkey, monsignor, mulberry, new pence, np,
optional dividend, orchid, p, pansy, pansy violet, patronage,
pearl, pence, penny, phony dividend, political patronage,
pontiff purple, pony, pork, pork barrel, pound, premium, pride,
pride and joy, prize, quid, regal purple, regular dividend,
royal purple, shilling, sixpence, solferino, special dividend,
stock dividend, temptation, tenner, threepence, threepenny bit,
thrippence, treasure, trophy, trouvaille, tuppence, twopence,
violet, windfall, wine purple, winner, wish

A {compiler} for a substantial subset of {PL/I} for the
{Univac 1100}, from the {University of Maryland}.

["PL/I Programming with PLUM", M.V. Zelkowitz, Paladin House,
1978].

(1995-02-23)



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