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Sentence    音標拼音: [s'ɛntəns]
n. 句子;審判,判決
vt. 審判,判決

句子;審判,判決審判,判決

sentence
非句( 子 )


sentence
句( 子 )

sentence
句 句子

sentence
n 1: a string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a
language; "he always spoke in grammatical sentences"
2: (criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case
and the punishment that is imposed; "the conviction came as
no surprise" [synonym: {conviction}, {judgment of conviction},
{condemnation}, {sentence}] [ant: {acquittal}]
3: the period of time a prisoner is imprisoned; "he served a
prison term of 15 months"; "his sentence was 5 to 10 years";
"he is doing time in the county jail" [synonym: {prison term},
{sentence}, {time}]
v 1: pronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law; "He
was condemned to ten years in prison" [synonym: {sentence},
{condemn}, {doom}]

Sentence \Sen"tence\, n. [F., from L. sententia, for sentientia,
from sentire to discern by the senses and the mind, to feel,
to think. See {Sense}, n., and cf. {Sentiensi}.]
1. Sense; meaning; significance. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Tales of best sentence and most solace. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

The discourse itself, voluble enough, and full of
sentence. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

2.
(a) An opinion; a decision; a determination; a judgment,
especially one of an unfavorable nature.
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My sentence is for open war. --Milton.
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That by them [Luther's works] we may pass
sentence upon his doctrines. --Atterbury.
[1913 Webster]
(b) A philosophical or theological opinion; a dogma; as,
Summary of the Sentences; Book of the Sentences.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Law) In civil and admiralty law, the judgment of a court
pronounced in a cause; in criminal and ecclesiastical
courts, a judgment passed on a criminal by a court or
judge; condemnation pronounced by a judicial tribunal;
doom. In common law, the term is exclusively used to
denote the judgment in criminal cases.
[1913 Webster]

Received the sentence of the law. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. A short saying, usually containing moral instruction; a
maxim; an axiom; a saw. --Broome.
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5. (Gram.) A combination of words which is complete as
expressing a thought, and in writing is marked at the
close by a period, or full point. See {Proposition}, 4.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Sentences are simple or compound. A simple sentence
consists of one subject and one finite verb; as, "The
Lord reigns." A compound sentence contains two or more
subjects and finite verbs, as in this verse:
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He fills, he bounds, connects, and equals all.
--Pope.
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{Dark sentence}, a saying not easily explained.
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A king . . . understanding dark sentences. --Dan.
vii. 23.
[1913 Webster]


Sentence \Sen"tence\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sentenced}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Sentencing}.]
1. To pass or pronounce judgment upon; to doom; to condemn to
punishment; to prescribe the punishment of.
[1913 Webster]

Nature herself is sentenced in your doom. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

2. To decree or announce as a sentence. [Obs.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. To utter sententiously. [Obs.] --Feltham.
[1913 Webster]

181 Moby Thesaurus words for "sentence":
Parthian shot, acquittal, act on, action, adage, address,
adjectival phrase, adjudge, adjudicate, affirmation, allegation,
ana, analects, anathematize, anathematizing, answer, aphorism,
apostrophe, apothegm, article, assertion, attaint, averment, award,
axiom, back matter, blacklist, blame, book, bring home to, byword,
catchword, censure, chapter, clause, collected sayings, comment,
condemn, condemnation, consideration, construction, convict,
conviction, crack, current saying, damn, damnation, death sentence,
death warrant, decision, declaration, decree, deliverance,
denounce, denouncement, denunciate, denunciation, determination,
devote, diagnosis, dictate, dictum, distich, doom, epigram,
exclamation, excommunicate, excommunication, expression, fascicle,
find, find against, find for, find guilty, finding, folio,
front matter, gathering, gnome, golden saying, greeting,
guilty verdict, headed group, idiom, idiotism, interjection, judge,
judgement, judgment, landmark decision, locution,
manner of speaking, maxim, mention, moral, mot, motto, note,
noun phrase, number, observation, oracle, ordain, order, page,
paragraph, pass judgment, pass sentence, pass sentence on, passage,
peculiar expression, penalize, penalty, period, phrasal idiom,
phrase, pithy saying, position, precedent, precept, prescript,
prognosis, pronounce, pronounce judgment, pronounce on,
pronounce sentence, pronouncement, proscribe, proscription,
proverb, proverbial saying, proverbs, punish, punishment, question,
rap, reflection, remark, report, resolution, return a verdict,
rule, ruling, saw, say, saying, section, sententious expression,
set phrase, sheet, signature, sloka, standard phrase, statement,
stock saying, subjoinder, sutra, syntactic structure, teaching,
term, text, thought, turn of expression, turn of phrase, usage,
utter a judgment, utterance, verb complex, verb phrase, verbalism,
verdict, verdict of guilty, verse, way of speaking, wisdom,
wisdom literature, wise saying, witticism, word, word-group,
words of wisdom

A collection of {clauses}.

See also {definite sentence}.

(2003-12-04)



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