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suspension    音標拼音: [səsp'ɛnʃən]
n. 懸掛,暫停,中止

懸掛,暫停,中止

suspension
懸置

suspension
n 1: a mixture in which fine particles are suspended in a fluid
where they are supported by buoyancy
2: a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation
of something [synonym: {pause}, {intermission}, {break},
{interruption}, {suspension}]
3: temporary cessation or suspension [synonym: {abeyance},
{suspension}]
4: an interruption in the intensity or amount of something [synonym:
{suspension}, {respite}, {reprieve}, {hiatus}, {abatement}]
5: a mechanical system of springs or shock absorbers connecting
the wheels and axles to the chassis of a wheeled vehicle
[synonym: {suspension}, {suspension system}]
6: the act of suspending something (hanging it from above so it
moves freely); "there was a small ceremony for the hanging of
the portrait" [synonym: {suspension}, {dangling}, {hanging}]
7: a temporary debarment (from a privilege or position etc)
[synonym: {suspension}, {temporary removal}]

Suspension \Sus*pen"sion\, n. [Cf. F. suspension, L. suspensio
arched work, imperfect pronunciation. See {Suspend}.]
1. The act of suspending, or the state of being suspended;
pendency; as, suspension from a hook.
[1913 Webster]

2. Especially, temporary delay, interruption, or cessation;
as:
(a) Of labor, study, pain, etc.
(b) Of decision, determination, judgment, etc.; as, to ask
a suspension of judgment or opinion in view of
evidence to be produced.
(c) Of the payment of what is due; as, the suspension of a
mercantile firm or of a bank.
(d) Of punishment, or sentence of punishment.
(e) Of a person in respect of the exercise of his office,
powers, prerogative, etc.; as, the suspension of a
student or of a clergyman.
(f) Of the action or execution of law, etc.; as, the
suspension of the habeas corpus act.
[1913 Webster]

3. A conditional withholding, interruption, or delay; as, the
suspension of a payment on the performance of a condition.
[1913 Webster]

4. The state of a solid when its particles are mixed with,
but undissolved in, a fluid, and are capable of separation
by straining; also, any substance in this state.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Rhet.) A keeping of the hearer in doubt and in attentive
expectation of what is to follow, or of what is to be the
inference or conclusion from the arguments or observations
employed.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Scots Law) A stay or postponement of execution of a
sentence condemnatory by means of letters of suspension
granted on application to the lord ordinary.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Mus.) The prolongation of one or more tones of a chord
into the chord which follows, thus producing a momentary
discord, suspending the concord which the ear expects. Cf.
{Retardation}.
[1913 Webster]

{Pleas in suspension} (Law), pleas which temporarily abate or
suspend a suit.

{Points of suspension} (Mech.), the points, as in the axis or
beam of a balance, at which the weights act, or from which
they are suspended.

{Suspension bridge}, a bridge supported by chains, ropes, or
wires, which usually pass over high piers or columns at
each end, and are secured in the ground beyond.

{Suspension of arms} (Mil.), a short truce or cessation of
operations agreed on by the commanders of contending
armies, as for burying the dead, making proposal for
surrender or for peace, etc.

{Suspension scale}, a scale in which the platform hangs
suspended from the weighing apparatus instead of resting
upon it.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Delay; interruption; intermission; stop.
[1913 Webster]

259 Moby Thesaurus words for "suspension":
abandonment, abeyance, abjuration, abjurement, abolishment,
abolition, abrogation, adaptation, afterthought, annulment,
arrangement, bind, block, blockage, breach, break, breath,
breather, breathing place, breathing space, breathing spell,
breathing time, bureaucratic delay, caesura, cancel, canceling,
cancellation, cashiering, cassation, catharsis, cease-fire,
cessation, cigarette break, cleansing, clearance, cocktail hour,
coffee break, cold storage, concluding, conclusion, conge,
countermand, counterorder, danglement, dangling, day off,
debarring, deconsecration, defeasance, deferment, defrocking,
delay, delayage, delayed reaction, delaying, deliverance, denial,
dependence, dependency, deportation, deposal, deposition,
deprivation, desistance, detachment, detention, dethronement,
disbarment, disbarring, discard, discharge, discontinuance,
discontinuation, discrownment, disemployment, disenthronement,
disjunction, dismissal, displacement, displacing, disposal,
disposition, doldrums, dormancy, double take, downtime, dragging,
drop, drumming out, ejection, elimination, emotional release, end,
ending, enforced respite, eradication, eviction, exclusion,
excommunication, exile, expatriation, expulsion, finish, firing,
fissure, forbearance, forced resignation, forced separation,
freeing, furloughing, gap, halt, hang-up, hanging, happy hour,
harmonization, hesitation, hiatus, hibernation, hindrance, hold-up,
holdup, holiday, immobility, impeachment, inaction, inactiveness,
inactivity, inertia, instrumentation, interim, interlude,
intermezzo, intermission, intermittence, interruption, interval,
intonation, invalidation, jam, kicking upstairs, lacuna, lag,
lagging, lapse, latency, layoff, letup, liquidation, logjam, lull,
modulation, moratorium, motionlessness, nonexercise, nullification,
obstruction, orchestration, ostracism, ousting, outlawing,
outlawry, overthrow, overthrowal, paperasserie, pause, pendency,
pendulosity, pendulousness, pensileness, pensility, pensioning off,
period, phrasing, pink slip, postponement, preparation, purgation,
purge, purging, quiescence, quiescency, recall, recantation,
recess, red tape, red-tapeism, red-tapery, rejection, release,
relinquishment, remission, removal, renege, renouncement,
renunciation, repeal, reprieve, rescinding, rescindment,
rescission, resignation, resolution, respite, rest, retardance,
retardation, retirement, retraction, reversal, revocation, revoke,
revokement, riddance, setting, setting aside, severance, slow-up,
slowdown, slowness, solution, spell, stand-down, stay,
stay of execution, stop, stoppage, superannuation, surcease,
surplusing, suspense, tea break, termination, the ax, the boot,
the bounce, the gate, the sack, ticket, tie-up, time lag, time out,
tone painting, transcription, truce, unchurching, underactivity,
unfrocking, unseating, vacation, vacatur, voidance, voiding, wait,
waiver, waiving, walking papers, withdrawal, write-off

In {lazy evaluation}, a suspension (or in Henderson's
terminology, a "recipe") is a {closure} with a flag indicating
whether the expression has been evaluated or not. When the
expression is evaluated the first time, this flag is set.
Subsequent requests for the value of the expression will not
attempt to re-evaluate it.

(1995-02-06)

SUSPENSION. A temporary stop of a right, of a law, and the like.
2. In times of war the habeas corpus act maybe suspended by lawful
authority.
3. There may be a suspension of an officer's duties or powers, when he
is charged with crimes. Wood's Inst. 510.
4. Suspension of a right in an estate is a partial extinguishment, or
an extinguishment for a time. It differs from an extinguishment in this. A
suspended right may be revived; one extinguished is absolutely dead. Bac.
Ab. Extinguishment, A.
5. The suspension of a statute for a limited time operates so as to
prevent its operation for the time, but it hits not the effect of a repeal.
3 Dall. 365.


SUSPENSION, Scotch law. That form of law by which the effect of a sentence-
condemnatory, that has not yet received execution, is stayed or postponed,
till the cause be again considered. Ersk. Prin. L. Scotl. 4, 3, 5.
Suspension is competent also, even where there is no decree, for putting a
stop to any illegal act whatsoever. Id. 4, 3, 7.
2. Letters of suspension bear the form of a summons, which contains a
warrant to cite the charger, Ib.


SUSPENSION, eccl. law. An ecclesiastical censure, by which a spiritual
person is either interdicted tho exercise of his ecclesiastical function, or
hindered from receiving the profits of his benefice. It may be partial or
total; for a limited time, or forever, when it is called deprivation or
amotion. Ayl. Parerg. 501.

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