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temper    音標拼音: [t'ɛmpɚ]
n. 脾氣,心情,調劑,趨向,回火
vt. 鍛煉,調劑,使緩和,使回火,調和

脾氣,心情,調劑,趨向,回火鍛煉,調劑,使緩和,使回火,調和

temper
回火

temper
n 1: a sudden outburst of anger; "his temper sparked like damp
firewood" [synonym: {pique}, {temper}, {irritation}]
2: a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of
feeling; "whether he praised or cursed me depended on his
temper at the time"; "he was in a bad humor" [synonym: {temper},
{mood}, {humor}, {humour}]
3: a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger; "his temper was
well known to all his employees" [synonym: {temper},
{biliousness}, {irritability}, {peevishness}, {pettishness},
{snappishness}, {surliness}]
4: the elasticity and hardness of a metal object; its ability to
absorb considerable energy before cracking [synonym: {temper},
{toughness}]
v 1: bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a
process of gradually heating and cooling; "temper glass"
[synonym: {anneal}, {temper}, {normalize}]
2: harden by reheating and cooling in oil; "temper steel" [synonym:
{temper}, {harden}]
3: adjust the pitch (of pianos)
4: make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding
something else; moderate; "she tempered her criticism" [synonym:
{temper}, {season}, {mollify}]
5: restrain [synonym: {chasten}, {moderate}, {temper}]

Temper \Tem"per\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Tempered}; p. pr. & vb.
n. {Tempering}.] [AS. temprian or OF. temper, F. temp['e]rer,
and (in sense 3) temper, L. temperare, akin to tempus time.
Cf. {Temporal}, {Distemper}, {Tamper}.]
1. To mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to
modify, as by adding some new element; to qualify, as by
an ingredient; hence, to soften; to mollify; to assuage;
to soothe; to calm.
[1913 Webster]

Puritan austerity was so tempered by Dutch
indifference, that mercy itself could not have
dictated a milder system. --Bancroft.
[1913 Webster]

Woman! lovely woman! nature made thee
To temper man: we had been brutes without you.
--Otway.
[1913 Webster]

But thy fire
Shall be more tempered, and thy hope far higher.
--Byron.
[1913 Webster]

She [the Goddess of Justice] threw darkness and
clouds about her, that tempered the light into a
thousand beautiful shades and colors. --Addison.
[1913 Webster]

2. To fit together; to adjust; to accomodate.
[1913 Webster]

Thy sustenance . . . serving to the appetite of the
eater, tempered itself to every man's liking.
--Wisdom xvi.
21.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Metal.) To bring to a proper degree of hardness; as, to
temper iron or steel.
[1913 Webster]

The tempered metals clash, and yield a silver sound.
--Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

4. To govern; to manage. [A Latinism & Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

With which the damned ghosts he governeth,
And furies rules, and Tartare tempereth. --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

5. To moisten to a proper consistency and stir thoroughly, as
clay for making brick, loam for molding, etc.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Mus.) To adjust, as the mathematical scale to the actual
scale, or to that in actual use.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: To soften; mollify; assuage; soothe; calm.
[1913 Webster]


Temper \Tem"per\, n.
1. The state of any compound substance which results from the
mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different
qualities; just combination; as, the temper of mortar.
[1913 Webster]

2. Constitution of body; temperament; in old writers, the
mixture or relative proportion of the four humors, blood,
choler, phlegm, and melancholy.
[1913 Webster]

The exquisiteness of his [Christ's] bodily temper
increased the exquisiteness of his torment.
--Fuller.
[1913 Webster]

3. Disposition of mind; the constitution of the mind,
particularly with regard to the passions and affections;
as, a calm temper; a hasty temper; a fretful temper.
[1913 Webster]

Remember with what mild
And gracious temper he both heared and judged.
--Milton.
[1913 Webster]

The consequents of a certain ethical temper. --J. H.
Newman.
[1913 Webster]

4. Calmness of mind; moderation; equanimity; composure; as,
to keep one's temper.
[1913 Webster]

To fall with dignity, with temper rise. --Pope.
[1913 Webster]

Restore yourselves to your tempers, fathers. --B.
Jonson.
[1913 Webster]

5. Heat of mind or passion; irritation; proneness to anger;
-- in a reproachful sense. [Colloq.]
[1913 Webster]

6. The state of a metal or other substance, especially as to
its hardness, produced by some process of heating or
cooling; as, the temper of iron or steel.
[1913 Webster]

7. Middle state or course; mean; medium. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

The perfect lawgiver is a just temper between the
mere man of theory, who can see nothing but general
principles, and the mere man of business, who can
see nothing but particular circumstances.
--Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Sugar Works) Milk of lime, or other substance, employed
in the process formerly used to clarify sugar.
[1913 Webster]

{Temper screw}, in deep well boring, an adjusting screw
connecting the working beam with the rope carrying the
tools, for lowering the tools as the drilling progresses.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Disposition; temperament; frame; humor; mood. See
{Disposition}.
[1913 Webster]


Temper \Tem"per\, v. i.
1. To accord; to agree; to act and think in conformity.
[Obs.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. To have or get a proper or desired state or quality; to
grow soft and pliable.
[1913 Webster]

I have him already tempering between my finger and
my thumb, and shortly will I seal with him. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

313 Moby Thesaurus words for "temper":
Irish, abate, adjust, adjust to, allay, alleviate, alter, anger,
animus, anneal, appease, aptitude, assuage, atmosphere,
attain majority, attemper, attribute, aura, bad temper, balance,
bank the fire, be tough, beef up, bent, besprinkle, bias, bloom,
blunt, body-build, box in, brace, brace up, brand, breathe, brew,
buttress, calcify, callous, calmness, case harden, cast, character,
characteristic, characteristics, chasten, chisel temper,
churlishness, circumscribe, climate, color, come of age,
come to maturity, complexion, composition, composure, condition,
confirm, conniption, constituents, constitution, constrain,
control, cool, coolness, cornify, crasis, cue, curb, cushion, damp,
dampen, dander, de-emphasize, deaden, decoct, develop, dharma,
diathesis, die temper, dilute, diminish, disposition, downplay,
dredge, drift, dull, dye, ease, eccentricity, endure, entincture,
equanimity, ethos, extenuate, fiber, fierce temper, fiery temper,
firm, firmness, fit, flavor, fledge, flower, fortify, fossilize,
frame, frame of mind, fury, genius, gird, grain, grow, grow up,
habit, hang tough, harden, hardness, hardness scale, heart,
heat treating, hedge, hedge about, hot blood, hot temper,
hotheadedness, hue, huffishness, humor, humors, idiosyncrasy, ilk,
ill humor, ill temper, imbrue, imbue, impregnate, inclination,
indenter, individualism, individuality, indurate, infiltrate,
infuse, instill, invigorate, irascibility, ire, irritability,
irritable temper, keep within bounds, kidney, kind, lapidify, lay,
leaning, leave the nest, leaven, lenify, lessen, lighten, limit,
lithify, make, makeup, mature, mellow, mental set, mettle, mind,
mind-set, mitigate, moderate, modify, modulate, mold, mollify,
mood, morale, narrow, nature, nerve, note, obtund, orientation,
ossify, outburst, outlook, pacify, paddy, palliate, passion,
peculiarity, peevishness, penetrate, permeate, personality,
pervade, petrify, petulance, physique, play down, posture,
precipitation hardening, predilection, predisposition, preference,
proclivity, prop, propensity, property, qualify, quality, rage,
razor temper, reach manhood, reach twenty-one, reach voting age,
reduce, reduce the temperature, refresh, regulate by, reinforce,
reinvigorate, relax, restrain, restrengthen, restrict, ripen,
sang-froid, saturate, saw file temper, season, self-control,
self-possession, set, set conditions, set limits, set temper,
settle down, shore up, short temper, slacken, slant, slow down,
smother, sober, sober down, soften, solidity, somatotype, soothe,
sort, soundness, spindle temper, spirit, spirits, spunkiness,
stability, stamp, state, state of mind, staunchness, steel, steep,
stiffen, stifle, stoutness, strain, streak, strengthen, stripe,
sturdiness, style, subdue, suchness, suffuse, support, suppress,
surliness, sustain, system, tame, tantrum, temper tantrum,
temperament, tempering, tendency, tenor, timbre, tincture, tinge,
toga virilis, tone, tone down, tool temper, toughen, transfuse,
trend, tune down, turn, turn of mind, twist, type, undergird,
underplay, vein, vitrify, volatility, warm temper, warp, wax, way,
weaken

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