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whom    音標拼音: [h'um]
pron. 誰



Who \Who\, pron. [Possess. {whose}; object. {Whom}.] [OE. who,
wha, AS. hw[=a], interrogative pron., neut. hw[ae]t; akin to
OFries. hwa, neut. hwet, OS. hw[=e], neut. hwat, D. wie,
neut. wat, G. wer, neut. was, OHG. wer, hwer, neut. waz,
hwaz, Icel. hvat, neut., Dan. hvo, neut. hvad, Sw. ho, hvem,
neut. hvad, Goth. hwas, fem. hw[=o], neut. hwa, Lith. kas,
Ir. & Gael. co, W. pwy, L. quod, neuter of qui, Gr. po`teros
whether, Skr. kas. [root]182. Cf. {How}, {Quantity},
{Quorum}, {Quote}, {Ubiquity}, {What}, {When}, {Where},
{Whether}, {Which}, {Whither}, {Whom}, {Why}.]
[1913 Webster]
1. Originally, an interrogative pronoun, later, a relative
pronoun also; -- used always substantively, and either as
singular or plural. See the Note under {What}, pron., 1.
As interrogative pronouns, who and whom ask the question:
What or which person or persons? Who and whom, as relative
pronouns (in the sense of that), are properly used of
persons (corresponding to which, as applied to things),
but are sometimes, less properly and now rarely, used of
animals, plants, etc. Who and whom, as compound relatives,
are also used especially of persons, meaning the person
that; the persons that; the one that; whosoever. "Let who
will be President." --Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

[He] should not tell whose children they were.
--Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

There thou tell'st of kings, and who aspire;
Who fall, who rise, who triumph, who do moan.
--Daniel.
[1913 Webster]

Adders who with cloven tongues
Do hiss into madness. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Whom I could pity thus forlorn. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

How hard is our fate, who serve in the state.
--Addison.
[1913 Webster]

Who cheapens life, abates the fear of death.
--Young.
[1913 Webster]

The brace of large greyhounds, who were the
companions of his sports. --Sir W.
Scott.
[1913 Webster]

2. One; any; one. [Obs., except in the archaic phrase, as who
should say.]
[1913 Webster]

As who should say, it were a very dangerous matter
if a man in any point should be found wiser than his
forefathers were. --Robynson
(More's
Utopia).
[1913 Webster]


Whom \Whom\, pron. [OE. wham, AS. dative hw[=a]m, hw?m. See
{Who}.]
The objective case of who. See {Who}.
[1913 Webster]

Note: In Old English, whom was also commonly used as a
dative. Cf. {Him}.
[1913 Webster]

And every grass that groweth upon root
She shall eke know, and whom it will do boot.
--Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

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