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birch    音標拼音: [b'ɚtʃ]
n. 樺樹,樺木,樺條

樺樹,樺木,樺條

birch
adj 1: consisting of or made of wood of the birch tree [synonym:
{birch}, {birchen}, {birken}]
n 1: hard close-grained wood of any of various birch trees; used
especially in furniture and interior finishes and plywood
2: any betulaceous tree or shrub of the genus Betula having a
thin peeling bark [synonym: {birch}, {birch tree}]
3: a switch consisting of a twig or a bundle of twigs from a
birch tree; used to hit people as punishment; "my father
never spared the birch" [synonym: {birch}, {birch rod}]
v 1: whip with a birch twig

Birch \Birch\ (b[~e]rch), n.; pl. {Birches} (-[e^]z). [OE.
birche, birk, AS. birce, beorc; akin to Icel. bj["o]rk, Sw.
bj["o]rk, Dan. birk, D. berk, OHG. piricha, MHG. birche,
birke, G. birke, Russ. bereza, Pol. brzoza, Serv. breza, Skr.
bh[=u]rja. [root]254. Cf. 1st {Birk}.]
1. A tree of several species, constituting the genus
{Betula}; as, the white or common birch ({Betula alba})
(also called silver birch and lady birch); the dwarf birch
({Betula glandulosa}); the paper or canoe birch ({Betula
papyracea}); the yellow birch ({Betula lutea}); the black
or cherry birch ({Betula lenta}).
[1913 Webster]

2. The wood or timber of the birch.
[1913 Webster]

3. A birch twig or birch twigs, used for flogging.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The twigs of the common European birch (B. alba), being
tough and slender, were formerly much used for rods in
schools. They were also made into brooms.
[1913 Webster]

The threatening twigs of birch. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. A birch-bark canoe.
[1913 Webster]

{Birch of Jamaica}, a species ({Bursera gummifera}) of
turpentine tree.

{Birch partridge}. (Zool.) See {Ruffed grouse}.

{Birch wine}, wine made of the spring sap of the birch.

{Oil of birch}.
(a) An oil obtained from the bark of the common European
birch ({Betula alba}), and used in the preparation of
genuine (and sometimes of the imitation) Russia
leather, to which it gives its peculiar odor.
(b) An oil prepared from the black birch ({Betula lenta}),
said to be identical with the oil of wintergreen, for
which it is largely sold.
[1913 Webster]


Birch \Birch\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Birched} (b[~e]rcht); p. pr.
& vb. n. {Birching}.]
To whip with a birch rod or twig; to flog.
[1913 Webster]


Birch \Birch\, a.
Of or pertaining to the birch; birchen.
[1913 Webster]

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