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predicate    音標拼音: [pr'ɛdək,et] [pr'ɛdɪkət]
n. 謂語,本質
a. 謂語的
vt. 斷定為,使基于,意味著,斷言
vi. 作出論斷

謂語,本質謂語的斷定為,使基於,意味著,斷言作出論斷

predicate
述語

predicate
述詞

predicate
n 1: (logic) what is predicated of the subject of a proposition;
the second term in a proposition is predicated of the first
term by means of the copula; "`Socrates is a man'
predicates manhood of Socrates"
2: one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the predicate
contains the verb and its complements [synonym: {predicate},
{verb phrase}]
v 1: make the (grammatical) predicate in a proposition; "The
predicate `dog' is predicated of the subject `Fido' in the
sentence `Fido is a dog'"
2: affirm or declare as an attribute or quality of; "The speech
predicated the fitness of the candidate to be President"
[synonym: {predicate}, {proclaim}]
3: involve as a necessary condition of consequence; as in logic;
"solving the problem is predicated on understanding it well"
[synonym: {connote}, {predicate}]

Predicate \Pred"i*cate\, v. i.
To affirm something of another thing; to make an affirmation.
--Sir M. Hale.
[1913 Webster]


Predicate \Pred"i*cate\, n. [L. praedicatum, neut. of
praedicatus, p. p. praedicare: cf. F. pr['e]dicat. See
{Predicate}, v. t.]
1. (Logic) That which is affirmed or denied of the subject.
In these propositions, "Paper is white," "Ink is not
white," whiteness is the predicate affirmed of paper and
denied of ink.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Gram.) The word or words in a proposition which express
what is affirmed of the subject.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Affirmation; declaration.
[1913 Webster]


Predicate \Pred"i*cate\, a. [L. praedicatus, p. p.]
Predicated.
[1913 Webster]


Predicate \Pred"i*cate\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Predicated}; p.
pr. & vb. n. {Predicating}.] [L. praedicatus, p. p. of
praedicare to cry in public, to proclaim. See {Preach}.]
1. To assert to belong to something; to affirm (one thing of
another); as, to predicate whiteness of snow.
[1913 Webster]

2. To found; to base. [U.S.]
[1913 Webster]

Note: Predicate is sometimes used in the United States for
found or base; as, to predicate an argument on certain
principles; to predicate a statement on information
received. Predicate is a term in logic, and used only
in a single case, namely, when we affirm one thing of
another. "Similitude is not predicated of essences or
substances, but of figures and qualities only."
--Cudworth.
[1913 Webster]

119 Moby Thesaurus words for "predicate":
IC analysis, advance, affirm, affirmance, affirmation, allegation,
allege, announce, announcement, annunciate, annunciation,
appositive, argue, assert, assertion, assever, asseverate,
asseveration, attribute, attributive, aver, averment, avouch,
avouchment, avow, avowal, bottom, complement, conclusion,
construction modifier, contend, creed, cutting, declaration,
declare, deep structure, depose, dictum, direct object, enunciate,
enunciation, establish, express, filler, form-function unit, found,
function, ground, have, hold, immediate constituent analysis,
indirect object, insist, ipse dixit, issue a manifesto, lay down,
levels, maintain, manifesto, modifier, object, phrase structure,
pose, posit, position, position paper, positive declaration,
postulate, predication, proclaim, proclamation, profess,
profession, pronounce, pronouncement, propose, proposition,
propound, protest, protestation, put, put it, qualifier, ranks,
rest, say, say-so, saying, set down, set forth, shallow structure,
slot, slot and filler, speak, speak out, speak up, stance, stand,
stand for, stand on, state, statement, stay, strata, structure,
subject, submit, surface structure, syntactic analysis,
syntactic structure, syntactics, syntax, tagmeme,
underlying structure, utterance, vouch, word, word arrangement,
word order

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