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Benjamin    音標拼音: [b'ɛndʒəmən]
n. 本杰明

本傑明

benjamin
n 1: gum resin used especially in treating skin irritation [synonym:
{benzoin}, {gum benzoin}, {benjamin}, {gum benjamin}, {asa
dulcis}]
2: (Old Testament) the youngest and best-loved son of Jacob and
Rachel and one of the twelve forebears of the tribes of
Israel

Spicewood \Spice"wood`\, n. (Bot.)
An American shrub ({Lindera Benzoin}), the bark of which has
a spicy taste and odor; -- called also {Benjamin}, {wild
allspice}, and {fever bush}.
[1913 Webster]


Benjamin \Ben"ja*min\, n. [Corrupted from benzoin.]
See {Benzoin}.
[1913 Webster]


Benjamin \Ben"ja*min\, n.
A kind of upper coat for men. [Colloq. Eng.]
[1913 Webster]


Benzoin \Ben*zoin"\ (b[e^]n*zoin"), n. [Cf. F. benjoin, Sp.
benjui, Pg. beijoin; all fr. Ar. lub[=a]n-j[=a]w[imac]
incense form Sumatra (named Java in Arabic), the first
syllable being lost. Cf. {Benjamin}.]

Note: [Called also {benjamin}.]
1. A resinous substance, dry and brittle, obtained from the
{Styrax benzoin}, a tree of Sumatra, Java, etc., having a
fragrant odor, and slightly aromatic taste. It is used in
the preparation of benzoic acid, in medicine, and as a
perfume.
[1913 Webster]

2. A white crystalline substance, {C14H12O2}, obtained from
benzoic aldehyde and some other sources.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Bot.) The spicebush ({Lindera benzoin}).
[1913 Webster]

{Flowers of benzoin}, benzoic acid. See under {Benzoic}.
[1913 Webster]

Benjamin
son of my right hand. (1.) The younger son of Jacob by Rachel
(Gen. 35:18). His birth took place at Ephrath, on the road
between Bethel and Bethlehem, at a short distance from the
latter place. His mother died in giving him birth, and with her
last breath named him Ben-oni, son of my pain, a name which was
changed by his father into Benjamin. His posterity are called
Benjamites (Gen. 49:27; Deut. 33:12; Josh. 18:21).

The tribe of Benjamin at the Exodus was the smallest but one
(Num. 1:36, 37; Ps. 68:27). During the march its place was along
with Manasseh and Ephraim on the west of the tabernacle. At the
entrance into Canaan it counted 45,600 warriors. It has been
inferred by some from the words of Jacob (Gen. 49:27) that the
figure of a wolf was on the tribal standard. This tribe is
mentioned in Rom. 11:1; Phil. 3:5.

The inheritance of this tribe lay immediately to the south of
that of Ephraim, and was about 26 miles in length and 12 in
breadth. Its eastern boundary was the Jordan. Dan intervened
between it and the Philistines. Its chief towns are named in
Josh. 18:21-28.

The history of the tribe contains a sad record of a desolating
civil war in which they were engaged with the other eleven
tribes. By it they were almost exterminated (Judg. 20:20, 21;
21:10). (See {GIBEAH}.)

The first king of the Jews was Saul, a Benjamite. A close
alliance was formed between this tribe and that of Judah in the
time of David (2 Sam. 19:16, 17), which continued after his
death (1 Kings 11:13; 12:20). After the Exile these two tribes
formed the great body of the Jewish nation (Ezra 1:5; 10:9).

The tribe of Benjamin was famous for its archers (1 Sam.
20:20, 36; 2 Sam. 1:22; 1 Chr. 8:40; 12:2) and slingers (Judge.
20:6).

The gate of Benjamin, on the north side of Jerusalem (Jer.
37:13; 38:7; Zech. 14:10), was so called because it led in the
direction of the territory of the tribe of Benjamin. It is
called by Jeremiah (20:2) "the high gate of Benjamin;" also "the
gate of the children of the people" (17:19). (Comp. 2 Kings
14:13.)

Benjamin, son of the right hand

Benjamin, TX -- U.S. city in Texas
Population (2000): 264
Housing Units (2000): 119
Land area (2000): 1.037269 sq. miles (2.686513 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1.037269 sq. miles (2.686513 sq. km)
FIPS code: 07636
Located within: Texas (TX), FIPS 48
Location: 33.583419 N, 99.793394 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Benjamin, TX
Benjamin


Benjamin, UT -- U.S. Census Designated Place in Utah
Population (2000): 1029
Housing Units (2000): 310
Land area (2000): 12.348884 sq. miles (31.983462 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 12.348884 sq. miles (31.983462 sq. km)
FIPS code: 04720
Located within: Utah (UT), FIPS 49
Location: 40.091710 N, 111.722749 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Benjamin, UT
Benjamin

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