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short    音標拼音: [ʃ'ɔrt]
a. 短的,近的,矮的,短期的,短暫的,簡短的,少量的
ad. 簡短地,突然
n. 扼要

短的,近的,矮的,短期的,短暫的,簡短的,少量的簡短地,突然扼要

short
短路; 短的

short


short
adv 1: quickly and without warning; "he stopped suddenly" [synonym:
{abruptly}, {suddenly}, {short}, {dead}]
2: without possessing something at the time it is contractually
sold; "he made his fortune by selling short just before the
crash"
3: clean across; "the car's axle snapped short"
4: at some point or distance before a goal is reached; "he fell
short of our expectations"
5: so as to interrupt; "She took him up short before he could
continue"
6: at a disadvantage; "I was caught short" [synonym: {short},
{unawares}]
7: in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner; "he told me curtly
to get on with it"; "he talked short with everyone"; "he said
shortly that he didn't like it" [synonym: {curtly}, {short},
{shortly}]
adj 1: primarily temporal sense; indicating or being or seeming
to be limited in duration; "a short life"; "a short
flight"; "a short holiday"; "a short story"; "only a few
short months" [ant: {long}]
2: (primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in
length; "short skirts"; "short hair"; "the board was a foot
short"; "a short toss" [ant: {long}]
3: low in stature; not tall; "he was short and stocky"; "short
in stature"; "a short smokestack"; "a little man" [synonym:
{short}, {little}] [ant: {tall}]
4: not sufficient to meet a need; "an inadequate income"; "a
poor salary"; "money is short"; "on short rations"; "food is
in short supply"; "short on experience" [synonym: {inadequate},
{poor}, {short}]
5: (of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range; "a short
memory" [synonym: {unretentive}, {forgetful}, {short}] [ant:
{long}, {recollective}, {retentive}, {tenacious}]
6: not holding securities or commodities that one sells in
expectation of a fall in prices; "a short sale"; "short in
cotton" [ant: {long}]
7: of speech sounds or syllables of relatively short duration;
"the English vowel sounds in `pat', `pet', `pit', `pot',
putt' are short" [ant: {long}]
8: less than the correct or legal or full amount often
deliberately so; "a light pound"; "a scant cup of sugar";
"regularly gives short weight" [synonym: {light}, {scant(p)},
{short}]
9: lacking foresight or scope; "a short view of the problem";
"shortsighted policies"; "shortsighted critics derided the
plan"; "myopic thinking" [synonym: {short}, {shortsighted},
{unforesightful}, {myopic}]
10: tending to crumble or break into flakes due to a large
amount of shortening; "shortbread is a short crumbly
cookie"; "a short flaky pie crust"
11: marked by rude or peremptory shortness; "try to cultivate a
less brusque manner"; "a curt reply"; "the salesgirl was
very short with him" [synonym: {brusque}, {brusk}, {curt},
{short(p)}]
n 1: the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is
stationed
2: accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit
that have a potential difference [synonym: {short circuit},
{short}]
3: the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is
stationed between second and third base [synonym: {shortstop},
{short}]
v 1: cheat someone by not returning him enough money [synonym:
{short-change}, {short}]
2: create a short circuit in [synonym: {short-circuit}, {short}]

Short \Short\, a. [Compar. {Shorter}; superl. {Shortest}.] [OE.
short, schort, AS. scort, sceort; akin to OHG. scurz, Icel.
skorta to be short of, to lack, and perhaps to E. shear, v.
t. Cf. {Shirt}.]
1. Not long; having brief length or linear extension; as, a
short distance; a short piece of timber; a short flight.
[1913 Webster]

The bed is shorter than that a man can stretch
himself on it. --Isa. xxviii.
20.
[1913 Webster]

2. Not extended in time; having very limited duration; not
protracted; as, short breath.
[1913 Webster]

The life so short, the craft so long to learn.
--Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

To short absense I could yield. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

3. Limited in quantity; inadequate; insufficient; scanty; as,
a short supply of provisions, or of water.
[1913 Webster]

4. Insufficiently provided; inadequately supplied; scantily
furnished; lacking; not coming up to a resonable, or the
ordinary, standard; -- usually with of; as, to be short of
money.
[1913 Webster]

We shall be short in our provision. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

5. Deficient; defective; imperfect; not coming up, as to a
measure or standard; as, an account which is short of the
trith.
[1913 Webster]

6. Not distant in time; near at hand.
[1913 Webster]

Marinell was sore offended
That his departure thence should be so short.
--Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

He commanded those who were appointed to attend him
to be ready by a short day. --Clarendon.
[1913 Webster]

7. Limited in intellectual power or grasp; not comprehensive;
narrow; not tenacious, as memory.
[1913 Webster]

Their own short understandings reach
No farther than the present. --Rowe.
[1913 Webster]

8. Less important, efficaceous, or powerful; not equal or
equivalent; less (than); -- with of.
[1913 Webster]

Hardly anything short of an invasion could rouse
them again to war. --Landor.
[1913 Webster]

9. Abrupt; brief; pointed; petulant; as, he gave a short
answer to the question.
[1913 Webster]

10. (Cookery) Breaking or crumbling readily in the mouth;
crisp; as, short pastry.
[1913 Webster]

11. (Metal) Brittle.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Metals that are brittle when hot are called ?ot-short;
as, cast iron may be hot-short, owing to the presence
of sulphur. Those that are brittle when cold are called
cold-short; as, cast iron may be cold-short, on account
of the presence of phosphorus.
[1913 Webster]

12. (Stock Exchange) Engaging or engaged to deliver what is
not possessed; as, short contracts; to be short of stock.
See The shorts, under {Short}, n., and To sell short,
under {Short}, adv.
[1913 Webster]

Note: In mercantile transactions, a note or bill is sometimes
made payable at short sight, that is, in a little time
after being presented to the payer.
[1913 Webster]

13. (Phon.) Not prolonged, or relatively less prolonged, in
utterance; -- opposed to {long}, and applied to vowels or
to syllables. In English, the long and short of the same
letter are not, in most cases, the long and short of the
same sound; thus, the i in ill is the short sound, not of
i in isle, but of ee in eel, and the e in pet is the
short sound of a in pate, etc. See {Quantity}, and Guide
to Pronunciation, [sect][sect]22, 30.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Short is much used with participles to form numerous
self-explaining compounds; as, short-armed,
short-billed, short-fingered, short-haired,
short-necked, short-sleeved, short-tailed,
short-winged, short-wooled, etc.
[1913 Webster]

{At short notice}, in a brief time; promptly.

{Short rib} (Anat.), one of the false ribs.

{Short suit} (Whist), any suit having only three cards, or
less than three. --R. A. Proctor.

{To come short}, {To cut short}, {To fall short}, etc. See
under {Come}, {Cut}, etc.
[1913 Webster]


Short \Short\, v. t. [AS. sceortian.]
To shorten. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]


Short \Short\, v. i.
To fail; to decrease. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]


Short \Short\, n.
1. A summary account.
[1913 Webster]

The short and the long is, our play is preferred.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. pl. The part of milled grain sifted out which is next
finer than the bran.
[1913 Webster]

The first remove above bran is shorts. --Halliwell.
[1913 Webster]

3. pl. Short, inferior hemp.
[1913 Webster]

4. pl. Breeches; shortclothes. [Slang] --Dickens.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Phonetics) A short sound, syllable, or vowel.
[1913 Webster]

If we compare the nearest conventional shorts and
longs in English, as in "bit" and "beat," "not" and
"naught," we find that the short vowels are
generally wide, the long narrow, besides being
generally diphthongic as well. Hence, originally
short vowels can be lengthened and yet kept quite
distinct from the original longs. --H. Sweet.
[1913 Webster]

{In short}, in few words; in brief; briefly.

{The long and the short}, the whole; a brief summing up.

{The shorts} (Stock Exchange), those who are unsupplied with
stocks which they contracted to deliver.
[1913 Webster]


Short \Short\, adv.
In a short manner; briefly; limitedly; abruptly; quickly; as,
to stop short in one's course; to turn short.
[1913 Webster]

He was taken up very short, and adjudged corrigible for
such presumptuous language. --Howell.
[1913 Webster]

{To sell short} (Stock Exchange), to sell, for future
delivery, what the party selling does not own, but hopes
to buy at a lower rate.
[1913 Webster]

437 Moby Thesaurus words for "short":
3-D, Bermuda shorts, Cinemascope, Cinerama, Spartan, Technicolor,
Western, aback, abbreviate, abbreviated, abridged, abrupt,
abruptly, adulterated, aggressive, all in all, amount, amplify,
animated cartoon, apart from, aposiopestic, arrested, badly off,
bankrupt in, bare of, barring, bear, bear account, bearish,
beastly, before, bereft of, black-and-white film, blemished, bluff,
blunt, brash, break, break in on, brief, briefly, brisk,
broken circuit, brusque, burden, butt in, callow, cartoon,
cavalier, charge, chiller, chunky, churlish, cinema, circuit,
circuital field, clipped, close, close-tongued, closed circuit,
closemouthed, color film, cometary, compact, compendious,
complete circuit, compressed, concise, condensed, contracted, core,
couchant, cramped, creepie, crisp, crouched, crusty, cursory, curt,
curtail, curtailed, curtal, curtate, cut, cut off, cut short,
damaged, dead circuit, debased, decreased, decurtate, defective,
deficient, denuded of, depressed, deprived of, depthless,
destitute of, devoid of, diminished, diminutive, dinky, direct,
discourteous, distressed, docked, documentary, documentary film,
down to bedrock, dumb, dumpy, dwarfish, economical of words,
educational film, electrify, elfin, elliptic, embarrassed,
embryonic, empty of, energize, epigrammatic, erroneous, except for,
excepting, excluding, exclusive of, exiguous, fail, failing,
fallible, faulty, feature, feeling the pinch, few, film, flashing,
flat, fleet, flick, flicker, flickering, footling, for want of,
forlorn of, forthwith, found wanting, galvanic circuit, galvanize,
generate, gist, gnomic, gruff, half-pint, hard up, harsh, hastily,
horror picture, horse opera, hot circuit, hot pants, hurriedly,
hypoplastic, ill off, immature, impaired, impecunious, imperfect,
impolite, imprecise, impure, in Queer Street, in a nutshell,
in arrear, in arrears, in default, in default of,
in narrow circumstances, in reduced circumstances, in short,
in short supply, in straitened circumstances, in want of,
inaccurate, inadequate, incomplete, inconsequential,
inconsiderable, inconsiderate, indisposed to talk, inexact, infant,
inferior, insignificant, instantaneous, instantly, insufficient,
interrupt, irascible, knee-high, knocked flat, lacking, laconic,
laid low, land-poor, lateral circuit, leaving out, leg, lessened,
limited, little, live circuit, loop, loop in, low, low-built,
low-hung, low-level, low-leveled, low-lying, low-set, low-statured,
magnetic circuit, makeshift, meager, meat, mediocre, meteoric,
microcircuit, midget, miniature, minus, minuscule, missing, mixed,
momentary, motion picture, motion-picture show, movie,
moving picture, multiple circuit, multiple series, mum, mute,
narrow, neap, needing, negligible, newsreel, no great shakes,
not perfect, nudie, off, offhand, on the edge, one-horse, out of,
out of pocket, part, partial, patchy, path, penniless,
peremptorily, petite, petty, photodrama, photoplay, picayune,
picayunish, picture, picture show, piddling, pinched, pindling,
pint-sized, pith, pithy, plug in, pocket, pointed, poky, poor,
poorly off, pornographic film, precluding, preview,
printed circuit, prone, pruned, puny, purport, quick, quiet, rare,
recumbent, reduced, reserved, rough, runty, scant, scant of,
scanty, scarce, scrappy, scrimpy, sententious, series multiple,
setting aside, severe, shallow, sharp, shock, short account,
short and sweet, short circuit, short interest, short of,
short of funds, short of money, short seller, short side,
short-circuit, short-lived, short-term, short-termed, shorten,
shortened, shorts, shy, shy of, silent, silent film, sketchy,
skimp, skimpy, skin flick, skin-deep, slender, slight, small,
smallish, snappish, sneak preview, snippety, snippy, snug,
spaghetti Western, sparing of words, sparse, speechless, speedy,
squat, squatty, squeezed, step down, step up, stiffen, stint,
stooped, stop, straight, straightforward, straitened, strapped,
stubby, stumpy, stunted, succinct, sudden, suddenly, summary,
superficial, supine, surly, swift, switch off, switch on,
synopsized, synoptic, taciturn, talkie, talking picture, temporary,
terminate, terse, testy, thick, thickset, thriller, thrust, tight,
tight-lipped, tiny, to the point, tongue-tied, trailer, transient,
transitory, trifling, trim, trivial, truculent, truncated,
turn off, turn on, two-by-four, unanticipatedly, unaware,
unblessed with, uncivil, underdeveloped, underground film,
undeveloped, unelevated, uneven, unexpectedly, unfinished,
ungracious, unloquacious, unmoneyed, unperfected, unpossessed of,
unprosperous, unreached, unsound, untalkative, unthorough, upshot,
vector field, vest-pocket, void of, wanting, wee, without warning,
word-bound, wordless



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