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icon    音標拼音: ['ɑɪkɑn]
n. 圖標
n. 像標,圣像,畫像,肖像,偶像

圖標像標,聖像,畫像,肖像,偶像

icon
圖像; 圖符

icon
圖像

icon
n 1: (computer science) a graphic symbol (usually a simple
picture) that denotes a program or a command or a data file
or a concept in a graphical user interface
2: a visual representation (of an object or scene or person or
abstraction) produced on a surface; "they showed us the
pictures of their wedding"; "a movie is a series of images
projected so rapidly that the eye integrates them" [synonym:
{picture}, {image}, {icon}, {ikon}]
3: a conventional religious painting in oil on a small wooden
panel; venerated in the Eastern Church [synonym: {icon}, {ikon}]

icon \i"con\ ([imac]"k[o^]n), n. [Also spelled {ikon}.] [L., fr.
Gr. e'ikw`n.]
1. An image or representation; a portrait or pretended
portrait.
[1913 Webster]

Netherlands whose names and icons are published.
--Hakewill.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Gr. Ch.) A sacred picture representing the Virgin Mary,
Christ, a saint, or a martyr, and having the same function
as an image of such a person in the Latin Church. The term
is used especially for a highly stylized and
conventionalized representation of a holy person, rich in
symbolism and used in devotional services in many of the
eastern Orthodox churches, especially the Greek and
Russian Orthodox Churches.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. PJC]

3. a symbol, especially a symbol whose form suggests its
meaning or the object it represents.
[PJC]

4. (Computers) a graphical symbol for a data object whose
form suggests the nature or function of the object;
especially, such a symbol as viewed on the computer
screen.

Note: In a graphical user interface, pointing to and clicking
on an icon may cause any of several types of actions,
such as opening a file or executing a program,
depending on how the icon properties are defined.
[PJC]

5. any object of uncritical devotion.
[PJC]

The former congresswoman and Vice-Presidential
candidate Geraldine Ferraro is still an icon to many
party members. --The New York
Times, April
16, 1998
[PJC]

6. an outstanding example of something which has come to
represent the class of things to which it belongs; a
paragon; used of persons as well as objects.
[PJC]

141 Moby Thesaurus words for "icon":
Agnus Dei, Holy Grail, Host, Pieta, Sanctus bell, Sangraal,
abstract, abstraction, altarpiece, ark, asperger, asperges,
aspergillum, bambino, beadroll, beads, block print, candle, censer,
certified copy, chaplet, ciborium, collage, color print, companion,
copy, counterfeit, cross, crucifix, cruet, cyclorama, daub,
dead ringer, diptych, double, duplicate, ectype, effigy, engraving,
eucharistial, exact likeness, fair copy, faithful copy, fake,
fellow, forgery, fresco, glosseme, holy cross, holy water,
holy-water sprinkler, idol, illumination, illustration, image,
imitation, incensory, lexeme, lexical form, likeness, living image,
living picture, match, mate, matzo, menorah, mezuzah, mikvah,
miniature, mirroring, model, monstrance, montage, morpheme, mosaic,
mural, osculatory, ostensorium, panorama, paschal candle,
pasticcio, pastiche, pax, phony, photograph, phrase, phylacteries,
picture, portrait, prayer shawl, prayer wheel, print, pyx,
reflection, relics, representation, reproduction, resemblance,
rood, rosary, rubbing, sacramental, sacred relics, sacring bell,
semasiological unit, semblance, sememe, shadow, shofar, sign,
signifiant, significant, similitude, simulacrum, spit and image,
spitting image, stained glass window, stencil, still life, sukkah,
symbol, tabernacle, tableau, tallith, tapestry, term, thurible,
token, trace, tracing, triptych, twin, type, urceole, veronica,
very image, very picture, vigil light, votive candle,
wall painting, word

A small picture intended to represent something (a
file, directory, or action) in a {graphical user interface}.
When an icon is clicked on, some action is performed such as
opening a directory or aborting a file transfer.

Icons are usually stored as {bitmap} images. {Microsoft
Windows} uses a special bitmap format with file name extension
".ico" as well as embedding icons in executable (".exe") and
{Dynamically Linked Library} (DLL) files.

The term originates from {Alan Kay}'s theory for designing
interfaces which was primarily based on the work of Jerome
Bruner. Bruner's second developmental stage, iconic, uses a
system of representation that depends on visual or other
sensory organization and upon the use of summarising images.

{IEEE publication
(http://ieee.org/organizations/history_center/cht_papers/Barnes.pdf)}.

[What MS tool can create .ico files?]

(2003-08-01)



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