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them    音標拼音: [ð'ɛm] [ðəm]
pron. 他們,她們,它們;他們,她們,它們

他們,她們,它們;他們,她們,它們

She \She\, pron. [sing. nom. {She}; poss. {Her}. or {Hers}; obj.
{Her}; pl. nom. {They}; poss. {Their}or {Theirs}; obj.
{Them}.] [OE. she, sche, scheo, scho, AS. se['o], fem. of the
definite article, originally a demonstrative pronoun; cf. OS.
siu, D. zij, G. sie, OHG. siu, s[imac], si, Icel. s[=u],
sj[=a], Goth. si she, s[=o], fem. article, Russ. siia, fem.,
this, Gr. ?, fem. article, Skr. s[=a], sy[=a]. The possessive
her or hers, and the objective her, are from a different
root. See {Her}.]
1. This or that female; the woman understood or referred to;
the animal of the female sex, or object personified as
feminine, which was spoken of.
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She loved her children best in every wise.
--Chaucer.
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Then Sarah denied, . . . for she was afraid. --Gen.
xviii. 15.
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2. A woman; a female; -- used substantively. [R.]
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Lady, you are the cruelest she alive. --Shak.
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Note: She is used in composition with nouns of common gender,
for female, to denote an animal of the female sex; as,
a she-bear; a she-cat.
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Speed \Speed\, v. t.
1. To cause to be successful, or to prosper; hence, to aid;
to favor. "Fortune speed us!" --Shak.
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With rising gales that speed their happy flight.
--Dryden.
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2. To cause to make haste; to dispatch with celerity; to
drive at full speed; hence, to hasten; to hurry.
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He sped him thence home to his habitation.
--Fairfax.
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3. To hasten to a conclusion; to expedite.
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Judicial acts . . . are sped in open court at the
instance of one or both of the parties. --Ayliffe.
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4. To hurry to destruction; to put an end to; to ruin; to
undo. "Sped with spavins." --Shak.
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A dire dilemma! either way I 'm sped.
If foes, they write, if friends, they read, me dead.
--Pope.
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5. To wish success or god fortune to, in any undertaking,
especially in setting out upon a journey.
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Welcome the coming, speed the parting guest. --Pope.
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{God speed you}, {them}, etc., may God speed you; or, may you
have good speed.
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Syn: To dispatch; hasten; expedite; accelerate; hurry.
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Them \Them\ ([th][e^]m), pron. [AS. [eth][=ae]m, dat. pl. of the
article, but influenced by the Scand. use of the
corresponding form [thorn]eim as a personal pronoun. See
{They}.]
The objective case of they. See {They}.
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Go ye rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves.
--Matt. xxv.
9.
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Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand,
Come, ye blessed of my Father. --Matt. xxv.
34.
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Note: Them is poetically used for themselves, as him for
himself, etc.
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Little stars may hide them when they list.
--Shak.
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He \He\ (h[=e]), pron. [nom. {He}; poss. {His} (h[i^]z); obj.
{Him} (h[i^]m); pl. nom. {They} ([th][=a]); poss. {Their} or
{Theirs} ([th][^a]rz or [th][=a]rz); obj. {Them}
([th][e^]m).] [AS. h[=e], masc., he['o], fem., hit, neut.;
pl. h[imac], or hie, hig; akin to OFries. hi, D. hij, OS. he,
hi, G. heute to-day, Goth. himma, dat. masc., this, hina,
accus. masc., and hita, accus. neut., and prob. to L. his
this. [root]183. Cf. {It}.]
1. The man or male being (or object personified to which the
masculine gender is assigned), previously designated; a
pronoun of the masculine gender, usually referring to a
specified subject already indicated.
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Thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall
rule over thee. --Gen. iii.
16.
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Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God; him shalt thou
serve. --Deut. x. 20.
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2. Any one; the man or person; -- used indefinitely, and
usually followed by a relative pronoun.
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He that walketh with wise men shall be wise. --Prov.
xiii. 20.
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3. Man; a male; any male person; -- in this sense used
substantively. --Chaucer.
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I stand to answer thee,
Or any he, the proudest of thy sort. --Shak.
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Note: When a collective noun or a class is referred to, he is
of common gender. In early English, he referred to a
feminine or neuter noun, or to one in the plural, as
well as to noun in the masculine singular. In
composition, he denotes a male animal; as, a he-goat.
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55 Moby Thesaurus words for "them":
I, I myself, alter, alter ego, alterum, better self, bureaucracy,
directorate, ego, ethical self, he, her, herself, hierarchy,
higher echelons, higher-ups, him, himself, inner man, inner self,
it, management, me, ministry, my humble self, myself, number one,
officialdom, oneself, other self, ourselves, prelacy, ruling class,
ruling classes, self, she, subconscious self, subliminal self,
superego, the Establishment, the administration, the authorities,
the ingroup, the interests, the people upstairs, the power elite,
the power structure, the top, themselves, they, top brass, you,
yours truly, yourself, yourselves



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