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life    音標拼音: [l'ɑɪf]






n 1: a characteristic state or mode of living; "social life";
"city life"; "real life"
2: the experience of being alive; the course of human events and
activities; "he could no longer cope with the complexities of
life" [synonym: {life}, {living}]
3: the course of existence of an individual; the actions and
events that occur in living; "he hoped for a new life in
Australia"; "he wanted to live his own life without
interference from others"
4: the condition of living or the state of being alive; "while
there's life there's hope"; "life depends on many chemical
and physical processes" [synonym: {animation}, {life}, {living},
5: the period during which something is functional (as between
birth and death); "the battery had a short life"; "he lived a
long and happy life" [synonym: {life}, {lifetime}, {life-time},
6: the period between birth and the present time; "I have known
him all his life"
7: the period from the present until death; "he appointed
himself emperor for life"
8: a living person; "his heroism saved a life"
9: animation and energy in action or expression; "it was a heavy
play and the actors tried in vain to give life to it" [synonym:
{liveliness}, {life}, {spirit}, {sprightliness}]
10: living things collectively; "the oceans are teeming with
11: the organic phenomenon that distinguishes living organisms
from nonliving ones; "there is no life on the moon"
12: an account of the series of events making up a person's life
[synonym: {biography}, {life}, {life story}, {life history}]
13: a motive for living; "pottery was his life"
14: a prison term lasting as long as the prisoner lives; "he got
life for killing the guard" [synonym: {life sentence}, {life}]

Life \Life\ (l[imac]f), n.; pl. {Lives} (l[imac]vz). [AS.
l[imac]f; akin to D. lijf body, G. leib body, MHG. l[imac]p
life, body, OHG. l[imac]b life, Icel. l[imac]f, life, body,
Sw. lif, Dan. liv, and E. live, v. [root]119. See {Live}, and
cf. {Alive}.]
1. The state of being which begins with generation, birth, or
germination, and ends with death; also, the time during
which this state continues; that state of an animal or
plant in which all or any of its organs are capable of
performing all or any of their functions; -- used of all
animal and vegetable organisms.
[1913 Webster]

2. Of human beings: The union of the soul and body; also, the
duration of their union; sometimes, the deathless quality
or existence of the soul; as, man is a creature having an
immortal life.
[1913 Webster]

She shows a body rather than a life. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Philos.) The potential principle, or force, by which the
organs of animals and plants are started and continued in
the performance of their several and cooperative
functions; the vital force, whether regarded as physical
or spiritual.
[1913 Webster]

4. Figuratively: The potential or animating principle, also,
the period of duration, of anything that is conceived of
as resembling a natural organism in structure or
functions; as, the life of a state, a machine, or a book;
authority is the life of government.
[1913 Webster]

5. A certain way or manner of living with respect to
conditions, circumstances, character, conduct, occupation,
etc.; hence, human affairs; also, lives, considered
collectively, as a distinct class or type; as, low life; a
good or evil life; the life of Indians, or of miners.
[1913 Webster]

That which before us lies in daily life. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

By experience of life abroad in the world. --Ascham.
[1913 Webster]

Lives of great men all remind us
We can make our lives sublime. --Longfellow.
[1913 Webster]

'T is from high life high characters are drawn.
[1913 Webster]

6. Animation; spirit; vivacity; vigor; energy.
[1913 Webster]

No notion of life and fire in fancy and in words.
[1913 Webster]

That gives thy gestures grace and life.
[1913 Webster]

7. That which imparts or excites spirit or vigor; that upon
which enjoyment or success depends; as, he was the life of
the company, or of the enterprise.
[1913 Webster]

8. The living or actual form, person, thing, or state; as, a
picture or a description from, the life.
[1913 Webster]

9. A person; a living being, usually a human being; as, many
lives were sacrificed.
[1913 Webster]

10. The system of animal nature; animals in general, or
considered collectively.
[1913 Webster]

Full nature swarms with life. --Thomson.
[1913 Webster]

11. An essential constituent of life, esp: the blood.
[1913 Webster]

The words that I speak unto you . . . they are
life. --John vi. 63.
[1913 Webster]

The warm life came issuing through the wound.
[1913 Webster]

12. A history of the acts and events of a life; a biography;
as, Johnson wrote the life of Milton.
[1913 Webster]

13. Enjoyment in the right use of the powers; especially, a
spiritual existence; happiness in the favor of God;
heavenly felicity.
[1913 Webster]

14. Something dear to one as one's existence; a darling; --
used as a term of endearment.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Life forms the first part of many compounds, for the
most part of obvious meaning; as, life-giving,
life-sustaining, etc.
[1913 Webster]

{Life annuity}, an annuity payable during one's life.

{Life arrow}, {Life rocket}, {Life shot}, an arrow, rocket,
or shot, for carrying an attached line to a vessel in
distress in order to save life.

{Life assurance}. See {Life insurance}, below.

{Life buoy}. See {Buoy}.

{Life car}, a water-tight boat or box, traveling on a line
from a wrecked vessel to the shore. In it person are
hauled through the waves and surf.

{Life drop}, a drop of vital blood. --Byron.

{Life estate} (Law), an estate which is held during the term
of some certain person's life, but does not pass by

{Life everlasting} (Bot.), a plant with white or yellow
persistent scales about the heads of the flowers, as
{Antennaria}, and {Gnaphalium}; cudweed.

{Life of an execution} (Law), the period when an execution is
in force, or before it expires.

{Life guard}. (Mil.) See under {Guard}.

{Life insurance}, the act or system of insuring against
death; a contract by which the insurer undertakes, in
consideration of the payment of a premium (usually at
stated periods), to pay a stipulated sum in the event of
the death of the insured or of a third person in whose
life the insured has an interest.

{Life interest}, an estate or interest which lasts during
one's life, or the life of another person, but does not
pass by inheritance.

{Life land} (Law), land held by lease for the term of a life
or lives.

{Life line}.
(a) (Naut.) A line along any part of a vessel for the
security of sailors.
(b) A line attached to a life boat, or to any life saving
apparatus, to be grasped by a person in the water.

{Life rate}, rate of premium for insuring a life.

{Life rent}, the rent of a life estate; rent or property to
which one is entitled during one's life.

{Life school}, a school for artists in which they model,
paint, or draw from living models.

{Lifetable}, a table showing the probability of life at
different ages.

{To lose one's life}, to die.

{To seek the life of}, to seek to kill.

{To the life}, so as closely to resemble the living person or
the subject; as, the portrait was drawn to the life.
[1913 Webster]

235 Moby Thesaurus words for "life":
Adamite, Clio, Muse of history, activator, activity, adventures,
affairs, age, alacrity, an existence, animal spirits, animation,
animator, annals, anxiety, anxiousness, appetite, ardor, arouser,
autobiography, avidity, avidness, being, biographical sketch,
biography, body, bounce, breathless impatience, breeziness, brio,
briskness, bubbliness, capersomeness, case history, cat, chap,
character, cheerful readiness, chronicle, chronicles, chronology,
circumstances, coltishness, compulsion, concerns,
condition of things, conditions, confessions, creature, critter,
curriculum vitae, customer, dash, dazzle, dealings, diary, doings,
duck, duration, eagerness, earthling, ebullience, effervescence,
elan, elan vital, elasticity, energizer, energy, ens, entelechy,
enthusiasm, entity, esprit, esse, essence, existence, experiences,
exuberance, fellow, fixation, flair, flavor, fortunes, forwardness,
freshness, friskiness, frolicsomeness, gaiety, gamesomeness,
gayness, generation, get-up-and-go, glow, goings-on, groundling,
gust, gusto, guy, hagiography, hagiology, hand, head, heartiness,
historiography, history, homo, human, human being, human dynamo,
impatience, impetuosity, impetus, individual, joie de vivre, joker,
journal, keen desire, keenness, legend, life and letters,
life story, lifeblood, lifetime, liveliness, living, living soul,
lustiness, man, march of events, martyrology, materiality, matters,
memoir, memoirs, memorabilia, memorial, memorials, mettle, monad,
mortal, motivating force, motive power, moving spirit, moxie,
necrology, nose, obituary, object, obsession, occurrence, one,
oomph, organism, party, passion, pep, peppiness,
period of existence, perkiness, person, persona, personage,
personality, pertness, photobiography, piss and vinegar, pizzazz,
playfulness, preoccupation, presence, proceedings, profile,
promptness, pungency, quickness, readiness, record, relations,
resilience, restorative, resume, robustness, rollicksomeness,
rompishness, run of things, sentience, single, skittishness,
somebody, someone, something, soul, spark of life, spark plug,
sparkle, spirit, spiritedness, spirits, sportiveness,
sprightliness, spring, state of affairs, stimulant, stimulator,
stimulus, story, subsistence, substantiality, survival, sustenance,
tellurian, terran, the times, the world, theory of history, thing,
time, tonic, unit, verve, viability, vigor, vim, vital spark,
vitality, vivaciousness, vivacity, warmth, way of life,
what happens, worldling, zest, zestfulness, zing, zip

The opposite of {Usenet}. As in "{Get a life!}"

[{Jargon File}]


Logistics Interface For manufacturing Environment

life: n. 1. A cellular-automata game invented by John Horton Conway
and first introduced publicly by Martin Gardner
(Scientific American, October 1970); the
game's popularity had to wait a few years for computers on which it
could reasonably be played, as it's no fun to simulate the cells by
hand. Many hackers pass through a stage of fascination with it,
and hackers at various places contributed heavily to the
mathematical analysis of this game (most notably Bill Gosper at
MIT, who even implemented life in TECO!).
When a hacker mentionslife’, he is much more likely
to mean this game than the magazine, the breakfast cereal, or the
human state of existence. Many web resources are
available starting from the Open
Directory page of Life. The Life
Lexicon is a good indicator of what makes the game so fascinating. 2. The opposite of Usenet. As in
Get a life!”

generally of physical life (Gen. 2:7; Luke 16:25, etc.); also
used figuratively (1) for immortality (Heb. 7:16); (2) conduct
or manner of life (Rom. 6:4); (3) spiritual life or salvation
(John 3:16, 17, 18, 36); (4) eternal life (Matt. 19:16, 17; John
3:15); of God and Christ as the absolute source and cause of all
life (John 1:4; 5:26, 39; 11:25; 12:50).

LIFE. The aggregate of the animal functions which resist death. Bichat.
2. The state of animated beings, while they possess the power of
feeling and motion. It commences in contemplation of law generally as soon
as the infant is able to stir in the mother's womb; 1 Bl. Com. 129; 3 Inst.
50; Wood's Inst. 11; and ceases at death. Lawyers and legislators are not,
however, the best physiologists, and it may be justly suspected that in fact
life commences before the mother can perceive any motion of the foetus. 1
Beck's Med. Jur. 291.
3. For many purposes, however, life is considered as begun from the
moment of conception in ventre sa mere. Vide Foetus. But in order to acquire
and transfer civil rights the child must be born alive. Whether a child is
born alive, is to be ascertained from certain signs which are always
attendant upon life. The fact of the child's crying is the most certain.
There may be a certain motion in a new born infant which may last even for
hours, and yet there may not be complete life. It seems that in order to
commence life the child must be born with the ability to breathe, and must
actually have breathed. 1 Briand, Med. Leg. 1ere partie, c. 6, art. 1.
4. Life is presumed to continue at least till one hundred years. 9
Mart. Lo. R. 257 See Death; Survivorship.
5. Life is considered by the law of the utmost importance, and its most
anxious care is to protect it. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 202-3.



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