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USE    音標拼音: [j'us] [j'uz]
n. 使用,習慣,價值,用法,使用權
vt. 使用,利用,運用,耗費
vi. 慣常





使用; 使用法; 用途


n 1: the act of using; "he warned against the use of narcotic
drugs"; "skilled in the utilization of computers" [synonym:
{use}, {usage}, {utilization}, {utilisation}, {employment},
2: what something is used for; "the function of an auger is to
bore holes"; "ballet is beautiful but what use is it?" [synonym:
{function}, {purpose}, {role}, {use}]
3: a particular service; "he put his knowledge to good use";
"patrons have their uses"
4: (economics) the utilization of economic goods to satisfy
needs or in manufacturing; "the consumption of energy has
increased steadily" [synonym: {consumption}, {economic
consumption}, {usance}, {use}, {use of goods and services}]
5: (psychology) an automatic pattern of behavior in reaction to
a specific situation; may be inherited or acquired through
frequent repetition; "owls have nocturnal habits"; "she had a
habit twirling the ends of her hair"; "long use had hardened
him to it" [synonym: {habit}, {use}]
6: exerting shrewd or devious influence especially for one's own
advantage; "his manipulation of his friends was scandalous"
[synonym: {manipulation}, {use}]
7: (law) the exercise of the legal right to enjoy the benefits
of owning property; "we were given the use of his boat" [synonym:
{use}, {enjoyment}]
v 1: put into service; make work or employ for a particular
purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose; "use your
head!"; "we only use Spanish at home"; "I can't use this
tool"; "Apply a magnetic field here"; "This thinking was
applied to many projects"; "How do you utilize this tool?";
"I apply this rule to get good results"; "use the plastic
bags to store the food"; "He doesn't know how to use a
computer" [synonym: {use}, {utilize}, {utilise}, {apply},
2: take or consume (regularly or habitually); "She uses drugs
rarely" [synonym: {use}, {habituate}]
3: use up, consume fully; "The legislature expended its time on
school questions" [synonym: {use}, {expend}]
4: seek or achieve an end by using to one's advantage; "She uses
her influential friends to get jobs"; "The president's wife
used her good connections"
5: avail oneself to; "apply a principle"; "practice a religion";
"use care when going down the stairs"; "use your common
sense"; "practice non-violent resistance" [synonym: {practice},
{apply}, {use}]
6: habitually do something (use only in the past tense); "She
used to call her mother every week but now she calls only
occasionally"; "I used to get sick when I ate in that dining
hall"; "They used to vacation in the Bahamas"

Use \Use\, n. [OE. us use, usage, L. usus, from uti, p. p. usus,
to use. See {Use}, v. t.]
[1913 Webster]
1. The act of employing anything, or of applying it to one's
service; the state of being so employed or applied;
application; employment; conversion to some purpose; as,
the use of a pen in writing; his machines are in general
[1913 Webster]

Books can never teach the use of books. --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

This Davy serves you for good uses. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

When he framed
All things to man's delightful use. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

2. Occasion or need to employ; necessity; as, to have no
further use for a book. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. Yielding of service; advantage derived; capability of
being used; usefulness; utility.
[1913 Webster]

God made two great lights, great for their use
To man. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

'T is use alone that sanctifies expense. --Pope.
[1913 Webster]

4. Continued or repeated practice; customary employment;
usage; custom; manner; habit.
[1913 Webster]

Let later age that noble use envy. --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

How weary, stale, flat and unprofitable,
Seem to me all the uses of this world! --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

5. Common occurrence; ordinary experience. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

O Caesar! these things are beyond all use. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Eccl.) The special form of ritual adopted for use in any
diocese; as, the Sarum, or Canterbury, use; the Hereford
use; the York use; the Roman use; etc.
[1913 Webster]

From henceforth all the whole realm shall have but
one use. --Pref. to
Book of Common
[1913 Webster]

7. The premium paid for the possession and employment of
borrowed money; interest; usury. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Thou art more obliged to pay duty and tribute, use
and principal, to him. --Jer. Taylor.
[1913 Webster]

8. [In this sense probably a corruption of OF. oes, fr. L.
opus need, business, employment, work. Cf. {Operate}.]
(Law) The benefit or profit of lands and tenements. Use
imports a trust and confidence reposed in a man for the
holding of lands. He to whose use or benefit the trust is
intended shall enjoy the profits. An estate is granted and
limited to A for the use of B.
[1913 Webster]

9. (Forging) A stab of iron welded to the side of a forging,
as a shaft, near the end, and afterward drawn down, by
hammering, so as to lengthen the forging.
[1913 Webster]

{Contingent use}, or {Springing use} (Law), a use to come
into operation on a future uncertain event.

{In use}.
(a) In employment; in customary practice observance.
(b) In heat; -- said especially of mares. --J. H. Walsh.

{Of no use}, useless; of no advantage.

{Of use}, useful; of advantage; profitable.

{Out of use}, not in employment.

{Resulting use} (Law), a use, which, being limited by the
deed, expires or can not vest, and results or returns to
him who raised it, after such expiration.

{Secondary use}, or {Shifting use}, a use which, though
executed, may change from one to another by circumstances.

{Statute of uses} (Eng. Law), the stat. 27 Henry VIII., cap.
10, which transfers uses into possession, or which unites
the use and possession.

{To make use of}, {To put to use}, to employ; to derive
service from; to use.
[1913 Webster]

Use \Use\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Used}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Using}.]
[OE. usen, F. user to use, use up, wear out, LL. usare to
use, from L. uti, p. p. usus, to use, OL. oeti, oesus; of
uncertain origin. Cf. {Utility}.]
[1913 Webster]
1. To make use of; to convert to one's service; to avail
one's self of; to employ; to put a purpose; as, to use a
plow; to use a chair; to use time; to use flour for food;
to use water for irrigation.
[1913 Webster]

Launcelot Gobbo, use your legs. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Some other means I have which may be used. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

2. To behave toward; to act with regard to; to treat; as, to
use a beast cruelly. "I will use him well." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

How wouldst thou use me now? --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

Cato has used me ill. --Addison.
[1913 Webster]

3. To practice customarily; to make a practice of; as, to use
diligence in business.
[1913 Webster]

Use hospitality one to another. --1 Pet. iv.
[1913 Webster]

4. To accustom; to habituate; to render familiar by practice;
to inure; -- employed chiefly in the passive participle;
as, men used to cold and hunger; soldiers used to
hardships and danger.
[1913 Webster]

I am so used in the fire to blow. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

Thou with thy compeers,
Used to the yoke, draw'st his triumphant wheels.
[1913 Webster]

{To use one's self}, to behave. [Obs.] "Pray, forgive me, if
I have used myself unmannerly." --Shak.

{To use up}.
(a) To consume or exhaust by using; to leave nothing of;
as, to use up the supplies.
(b) To exhaust; to tire out; to leave no capacity of force
or use in; to overthrow; as, he was used up by
fatigue. [Colloq.]
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Employ.

Usage: {Use}, {Employ}. We use a thing, or make use of it,
when we derive from it some enjoyment or service. We
employ it when we turn that service into a particular
channel. We use words to express our general meaning;
we employ certain technical terms in reference to a
given subject. To make use of, implies passivity in
the thing; as, to make use of a pen; and hence there
is often a material difference between the two words
when applied to persons. To speak of "making use of
another" generally implies a degrading idea, as if we
had used him as a tool; while employ has no such
sense. A confidential friend is employed to negotiate;
an inferior agent is made use of on an intrigue.
[1913 Webster]

I would, my son, that thou wouldst use the power
Which thy discretion gives thee, to control
And manage all. --Cowper.
[1913 Webster]

To study nature will thy time employ:
Knowledge and innocence are perfect joy.
[1913 Webster]

Use \Use\, v. i.
1. To be wont or accustomed; to be in the habit or practice;
as, he used to ride daily; -- now disused in the present
tense, perhaps because of the similarity in sound, between
"use to," and "used to."
[1913 Webster]

They use to place him that shall be their captain on
a stone. --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

Fears use to be represented in an imaginary.
[1913 Webster]

Thus we use to say, it is the room that smokes, when
indeed it is the fire in the room. --South.
[1913 Webster]

Now Moses used to take the tent and to pitch it
without the camp. --Ex. xxxiii.
7 (Rev. Ver.)
[1913 Webster]

2. To be accustomed to go; to frequent; to inhabit; to dwell;
-- sometimes followed by of. [Obs.] "Where never foot did
use." --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

He useth every day to a merchant's house. --B.
[1913 Webster]

Ye valleys low, where the mild whispers use
Of shades, and wanton winds, and gushing brooks.
[1913 Webster]

204 Moby Thesaurus words for "use":
ablation, absolute interest, abuse, account, act toward,
adaptability, advantage, appliance, applicability, application,
apply, appropriateness, automatism, avail, availability, bad habit,
behalf, behave toward, behoof, benefit, bestow, bleed, bleed white,
bon ton, bring into play, care for, carry on, ceremony,
characteristic, claim, common, conduct, conformity, consuetude,
contend with, contingent interest, control, convenience,
convention, cope with, creature of habit, custom, deal by,
deal with, demand, do, do by, do with, drain, duty, easement,
effectiveness, efficacy, efficiency, employ, employment, end use,
engage in, equitable interest, equity, erosion, established way,
estate, etiquette, exercise, exercising, exert, exertion, exploit,
fall back, familiarize, fashion, fitness, folkway, follow,
force of habit, formality, function, functionality, go in for,
goal, govern, habit, habit pattern, habituate, habitude, handle,
helpfulness, holding, ill-use, immediate purpose, impose,
impose upon, interest, inure, limitation, make use of, manage,
manipulate, manner, manners, mark, milk, misuse, mores, object,
objective, observance, occasion, office, operability, operate,
operation, operational purpose, parley, part, pattern, peculiarity,
percentage, play, play on, ply, point, practicability,
practical utility, practicality, practice, praxis, prescription,
presume upon, profit, profitability, proper thing, prosecute,
purpose, pursue, put forth, put out, put to use, ravages of time,
regulate, relevance, respond to, right, right of entry, ritual,
role, run, second nature, serve, service, serviceability,
settlement, social convention, specialize in, stake,
standard behavior, standard usage, standing custom, stereotype,
stereotyped behavior, steward, strict settlement, stroke, suck dry,
tackle, take, take advantage of, take on, take to, take up, talk,
target, time-honored practice, title, tradition, treat, trick,
trust, ultimate purpose, undertake, usability, usage, use ill,
usefulness, utility, utilizability, utilize, value,
vested interest, wage, way, wear, wear and tear, weathering,
what is done, wield, wont, wonting, work, work at, work on,
work upon, worth

An early system on the {IBM 1130}.

[Listed in CACM 2(5):16, May 1959].


USE, estates. A confidence reposed in another, who was made tenant of the
land or terre tenant, that he should dispose of the land according to the
intention of the cestui que use, or him to whose use it was granted, and
suffer him to take the profits. Plowd. 352; Gilb. on Uses, 1; Bac. Tr. 150,
306; Cornish on Uses, 1 3; 1 Fonb. Eq. 363; 2 Id. 7; Sanders on Uses, 2; Co.
Litt. 272, b; 1 Co. 121; 2 Bl. Com. 328; 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 1885, et seq.
2. In order to create a use, there must always be a good Consideration;
though, when once raised, it may be passed by grant to a stranger, without
consideration. Doct. & Stu., Dial. ch. 22, 23; Rob. Fr. Conv. 87, n.
3. Uses were borrowed from the fidei commissum (q.v.) of the civil law;
it was the duty of a Roman magistrate, the praetor fidei commissarius, whom
Bacon terms the particular chancellor for uses, to enforce the observance of
this confidence. Inst. 2, 23, 2.
4. Uses were introduced into England by the ecclesiastics in the reign
of Edward Ill or Richard II, for the purpose of avoiding the statutes of
mortmain; and the clerical chancellors of those times held them to be fidei
commissa, and binding in conscience. To obviate many inconveniencies and
difficulties, which had arisen out of the doctrine and introduction of uses,
the statute of 274 Henry VIII, c. 10, commonly called the statute of uses,
or in conveyances and pleadings, the statute for transferring uses into
possession, was passed. It enacts, that "when any person shall be seised of
lands, &c., to the use, confidence or trust of any other person or body
politic, the person or corporation entitled to the use in fee simple, fee
tail, for life, or years, or otherwise, shall from thenceforth stand and be
seised or possessed of the land, &c., of and in the like estate as they have
in the use, trust or confidence; and that the estates of the persons so
seised to the uses, shall be deemed to be in him or them that have the use,
in such quality, manner, form and condition, as they had before in the use."
The statute thus executes the use; that is, it conveys the possession to the
use, and transfers the use to the possession; and, in this manner, making
the cestui que use complete owner of the lands and tenements, as well at law
as in equity. 2 Bl. Com. 333; 1 Saund. 254, note 6.
5. A modern use has been defined to be an estate of right, which is
acquired through the operation of the statute of 27 Hen. VIII., c. 10; and
which, when it may take effect according to the rules of the common law, is
called the legal estate; and when it may not, is denominated a use, with a
term descriptive of its modification. Cornish on Uses, 35.
6. The common law judges decided, in the construction of this statute,
that a use could not be raised upon a use; Dyer, 155 A; and that on a
feoffment to A and his heirs, to the use of B and his heirs, in trust for C
and his heirs, the statute executed only the first use, and that the second
was a mere nullity. The judges also held that, as the statute mentioned only
such persons as were seised to the use of others, it did not extend to a
term of years, or other chattel interests, of which a termor is not seised
but only possessed. Bac. Tr. 336; Poph. 76; Dyer, 369; 2 Bl. Com. 336; The
rigid literal construction of the statute by the courts of law again opened
the doors of the chancery courts. 1 Madd. Ch. 448, 450.

USE, civil law. A right of receiving so much of the natural profits of a
thing as is necessary to daily sustenance; it differs from usufruct, which
is a right not only to use but to enjoy. 1 Browne's Civ. Law, 184; Lecons
Elem. du Dr. Civ. Rom. Sec. 414, 416.



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