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sworn    音標拼音: [sw'ɔrn]
vbl. swear的過去分詞

swear的過去分詞

sworn
adj 1: bound by or as if by an oath; "according to an early
tradition became his sworn brother"; "sworn enemies"
[synonym: {pledged}, {sworn}]
2: bound by or stated on oath; "now my sworn friend and then
mine enemy"- Shakespeare [ant: {unsworn}]

Swear \Swear\, v. i. [imp. {Swore}, formerly {Sware}; p. p.
{Sworn}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Swearing}.] [OE. swerien, AS.
swerian; akin to D. zweren, OS. swerian, OHG. swerien, G.
schw["o]ren, Icel. sverja, Sw. sv[aum]rja, Dan. svaerge,
Icel. & Sw. svara to answer, Dan. svare, Dan. & Sw. svar an
answer, Goth. swaran to swear, and perhaps to E. swarm.
[root]177. Cf. {Answer}.]
1. To affirm or utter a solemn declaration, with an appeal to
God for the truth of what is affirmed; to make a promise,
threat, or resolve on oath; also, to affirm solemnly by
some sacred object, or one regarded as sacred, as the
Bible, the Koran, etc.
[1913 Webster]

Ye shall swear by my name falsely. --Lev. xix.
12.
[1913 Webster]

I swear by all the Roman gods. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Law) To give evidence on oath; as, to swear to the truth
of a statement; he swore against the prisoner.
[1913 Webster]

3. To make an appeal to God in an irreverant manner; to use
the name of God or sacred things profanely; to call upon
God in imprecation; to curse.
[1913 Webster]

[I] swore little; diced not above seven times a
week. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

{To swear by}, to place great confidence in a person or
thing; to trust implicitly as an authority. "I simply
meant to ask if you are one of those who swear by Lord
Verulam." --Miss Edgeworth.

{To swear off}, to make a solemn vow, or a serious
resolution, to abstain from something; as, to swear off
smoking. [Slang]
[1913 Webster]


Sworn \Sworn\,
p. p. of {Swear}.
[1913 Webster]

{Sworn brothers}, originally, companions in arms who took an
oath to share together good and bad fortune; hence,
faithful friends.

{Sworn enemies}, determined or irreconcilable enemies.

{Sworn friends}, close friends.
[1913 Webster]



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