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call    音標拼音: [k'ɔl]
n. 呼叫,訪問,打電話,號召,召集,要求
vt. 呼叫,召集,打電話
vi. 叫喊,訪問


呼叫; 撥叫; 召用


無調入; 未調用





n 1: a telephone connection; "she reported several anonymous
calls"; "he placed a phone call to London"; "he heard the
phone ringing but didn't want to take the call" [synonym:
{call}, {phone call}, {telephone call}]
2: a special disposition (as if from a divine source) to pursue
a particular course; "he was disappointed that he had not
heard the Call"
3: a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition; "the
speaker was interrupted by loud cries from the rear of the
audience" [synonym: {cry}, {outcry}, {call}, {yell}, {shout},
4: a demand especially in the phrase "the call of duty" [synonym:
{call}, {claim}]
5: the characteristic sound produced by a bird; "a bird will not
learn its song unless it hears it at an early age" [synonym:
{birdcall}, {call}, {birdsong}, {song}]
6: a brief social visit; "senior professors' wives no longer
make afternoon calls on newcomers"; "the characters in Henry
James' novels are forever paying calls on each other, usually
in the parlor of some residence"
7: a demand by a broker that a customer deposit enough to bring
his margin up to the minimum requirement [synonym: {margin call},
8: a demand for a show of hands in a card game; "after two
raises there was a call"
9: a request; "many calls for Christmas stories"; "not many
calls for buggywhips"
10: an instruction that interrupts the program being executed;
"Pascal performs calls by simply giving the name of the
routine to be executed"
11: a visit in an official or professional capacity; "the
pastor's calls on his parishioners"; "the salesman's call on
a customer"
12: (sports) the decision made by an umpire or referee; "he was
ejected for protesting the call"
13: the option to buy a given stock (or stock index or commodity
future) at a given price before a given date [synonym: {call
option}, {call}] [ant: {put}, {put option}]
v 1: assign a specified (usually proper) proper name to; "They
named their son David"; "The new school was named after the
famous Civil Rights leader" [synonym: {name}, {call}]
2: ascribe a quality to or give a name of a common noun that
reflects a quality; "He called me a bastard"; "She called her
children lazy and ungrateful"
3: get or try to get into communication (with someone) by
telephone; "I tried to call you all night"; "Take two aspirin
and call me in the morning" [synonym: {call}, {telephone}, {call
up}, {phone}, {ring}]
4: utter a sudden loud cry; "she cried with pain when the doctor
inserted the needle"; "I yelled to her from the window but
she couldn't hear me" [synonym: {shout}, {shout out}, {cry},
{call}, {yell}, {scream}, {holler}, {hollo}, {squall}]
5: order, request, or command to come; "She was called into the
director's office"; "Call the police!" [synonym: {call}, {send
6: pay a brief visit; "The mayor likes to call on some of the
prominent citizens" [synonym: {visit}, {call in}, {call}]
7: call a meeting; invite or command to meet; "The Wannsee
Conference was called to discuss the `Final Solution'"; "The
new dean calls meetings every week"
8: read aloud to check for omissions or absentees; "Call roll"
9: send a message or attempt to reach someone by radio, phone,
etc.; make a signal to in order to transmit a message;
"Hawaii is calling!"; "A transmitter in Samoa was heard
10: utter a characteristic note or cry; "bluejays called to one
11: stop or postpone because of adverse conditions, such as bad
weather; "call a football game"
12: greet, as with a prescribed form, title, or name; "He always
addresses me with `Sir'"; "Call me Mister"; "She calls him
by first name" [synonym: {address}, {call}]
13: make a stop in a harbour; "The ship will call in Honolulu
14: demand payment of (a loan); "Call a loan" [synonym: {call},
{call in}]
15: make a demand, as for a card or a suit or a show of hands;
"He called his trump" [synonym: {bid}, {call}]
16: give the calls (to the dancers) for a square dance [synonym:
{call}, {call off}]
17: indicate a decision in regard to; "call balls and strikes
behind the plate"
18: make a prediction about; tell in advance; "Call the outcome
of an election" [synonym: {predict}, {foretell},
{prognosticate}, {call}, {forebode}, {anticipate},
19: require the presentation of for redemption before
maturation; "Call a bond"
20: challenge (somebody) to make good on a statement; charge
with or censure for an offense; "He deserves to be called on
21: declare in the capacity of an umpire or referee; "call a
runner out"
22: lure by imitating the characteristic call of an animal;
"Call ducks"
23: order or request or give a command for; "The unions called a
general strike for Sunday"
24: order, summon, or request for a specific duty or activity,
work, role; "He was already called 4 times for jury duty";
"They called him to active military duty"
25: utter in a loud voice or announce; "He called my name"; "The
auctioneer called the bids"
26: challenge the sincerity or truthfulness of; "call the
speaker on a question of fact"
27: consider or regard as being; "I would not call her
28: rouse somebody from sleep with a call; "I was called at 5
A.M. this morning"

Call \Call\ (k[add]l), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Called} (k[add]ld);
p. pr. & vb. n. {Calling}] [OE. callen, AS. ceallian; akin to
Icel. & Sw. kalla, Dan. kalde, D. kallen to talk, prate, OHG.
kall[=o]n to call; cf. Gr. ghry`ein to speak, sing, Skr. gar
to praise. Cf. {Garrulous}.]
1. To command or request to come or be present; to summon;
as, to call a servant.
[1913 Webster]

Call hither Clifford; bid him come amain --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. To summon to the discharge of a particular duty; to
designate for an office, or employment, especially of a
religious character; -- often used of a divine summons;
as, to be called to the ministry; sometimes, to invite;
as, to call a minister to be the pastor of a church.
[1913 Webster]

Paul . . . called to be an apostle --Rom. i. 1.
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The Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul
for the work whereunto I have called them. --Acts
xiii. 2.
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3. To invite or command to meet; to convoke; -- often with
together; as, the President called Congress together; to
appoint and summon; as, to call a meeting of the Board of
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Now call we our high court of Parliament. --Shak.
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4. To give name to; to name; to address, or speak of, by a
specifed name.
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If you would but call me Rosalind. --Shak.
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And God called the light Day, and the darkness he
called Night. --Gen. i. 5.
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5. To regard or characterize as of a certain kind; to
denominate; to designate.
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What God hath cleansed, that call not thou common.
--Acts x. 15.
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6. To state, or estimate, approximately or loosely; to
characterize without strict regard to fact; as, they call
the distance ten miles; he called it a full day's work.
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[The] army is called seven hundred thousand men.
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7. To show or disclose the class, character, or nationality
of. [Obs.]
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This speech calls him Spaniard. --Beau. & Fl.
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8. To utter in a loud or distinct voice; -- often with off;
as, to call, or call off, the items of an account; to call
the roll of a military company.
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No parish clerk who calls the psalm so clear. --Gay.
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9. To invoke; to appeal to.
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I call God for a witness. --2 Cor. i. 23
[Rev. Ver. ]
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10. To rouse from sleep; to awaken.
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If thou canst awake by four o' the clock.
I prithee call me. Sleep hath seized me wholly.
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{To call a bond}, to give notice that the amount of the bond
will be paid.

{To call a party} (Law), to cry aloud his name in open court,
and command him to come in and perform some duty requiring
his presence at the time on pain of what may befall him.

{To call back}, to revoke or retract; to recall; to summon

{To call down}, to pray for, as blessing or curses.

{To call forth}, to bring or summon to action; as, to call
forth all the faculties of the mind.

{To call in},
(a) To collect; as, to call in debts or money; ar to
withdraw from cirulation; as, to call in uncurrent
(b) To summon to one's side; to invite to come together;
as, to call in neighbors.

{To call (any one) names}, to apply contemptuous names (to
any one).

{To call off}, to summon away; to divert; as, to call off the
attention; to call off workmen from their employment.

{To call out}.
(a) To summon to fight; to challenge.
(b) To summon into service; as, to call out the militia.

{To call over}, to recite separate particulars in order, as a
roll of names.

{To call to account}, to demand explanation of.

{To call to mind}, to recollect; to revive in memory.

{To call to order}, to request to come to order; as:
(a) A public meeting, when opening it for business.
(b) A person, when he is transgressing the rules of

{To call to the bar}, to admit to practice in courts of law.

{To call up}.
(a) To bring into view or recollection; as to call up the
image of deceased friend.
(b) To bring into action or discussion; to demand the
consideration of; as, to call up a bill before a
legislative body.

Syn: To name; denominate; invite; bid; summon; convoke;
assemble; collect; exhort; warn; proclaim; invoke;
appeal to; designate.

Usage: {To Call}, {Convoke}, {Summon}. Call is the generic
term; as, to call a public meeting. To convoke is to
require the assembling of some organized body of men
by an act of authority; as, the king convoked
Parliament. To summon is to require attendance by an
act more or less stringent anthority; as, to summon a
[1913 Webster]

Call \Call\, n.
1. The act of calling; -- usually with the voice, but often
otherwise, as by signs, the sound of some instrument, or
by writing; a summons; an entreaty; an invitation; as, a
call for help; the bugle's call. "Call of the trumpet."
[1913 Webster]

I rose as at thy call, but found thee not. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

2. A signal, as on a drum, bugle, trumpet, or pipe, to summon
soldiers or sailors to duty.
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3. (Eccl.) An invitation to take charge of or serve a church
as its pastor.
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4. A requirement or appeal arising from the circumstances of
the case; a moral requirement or appeal.
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Dependence is a perpetual call upon humanity.
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Running into danger without any call of duty.
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5. A divine vocation or summons.
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St. Paul himself believed he did well, and that he
had a call to it, when he persecuted the Christians.
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6. Vocation; employment.

Note: [In this sense, calling is generally used.]
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7. A short visit; as, to make a call on a neighbor; also, the
daily coming of a tradesman to solicit orders.
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The baker's punctual call. --Cowper.
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8. (Hunting) A note blown on the horn to encourage the
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9. (Naut.) A whistle or pipe, used by the boatswain and his
mate, to summon the sailors to duty.
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10. (Fowling) The cry of a bird; also a noise or cry in
imitation of a bird; or a pipe to call birds by imitating
their note or cry.
[1913 Webster]

11. (Amer. Land Law) A reference to, or statement of, an
object, course, distance, or other matter of description
in a survey or grant requiring or calling for a
corresponding object, etc., on the land.
[1913 Webster]

12. The privilege to demand the delivery of stock, grain, or
any commodity, at a fixed, price, at or within a certain
time agreed on. [Brokers' Cant]
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13. See {Assessment}, 4.
[1913 Webster]

{At call}, or {On call}, liable to be demanded at any moment
without previous notice; as money on deposit.

{Call bird}, a bird taught to allure others into a snare.

{Call boy}
(a) A boy who calls the actors in a theater; a boy who
transmits the orders of the captain of a vessel to
the engineer, helmsman, etc.
(b) A waiting boy who answers a cal, or cames at the
ringing of a bell; a bell boy.

{Call note}, the note naturally used by the male bird to call
the female. It is artificially applied by birdcatchers as
a decoy. --Latham.

{Call of the house} (Legislative Bodies), a calling over the
names of members, to discover who is absent, or for other
purposes; a calling of names with a view to obtaining the
ayes and noes from the persons named.

{Call to the bar}, admission to practice in the courts.
[1913 Webster]

Call \Call\, v. i.
1. To speak in loud voice; to cry out; to address by name; --
sometimes with to.
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You must call to the nurse. --Shak.
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The angel of God called to Hagar. --Gen. xxi.
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2. To make a demand, requirement, or request.
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They called for rooms, and he showed them one.
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3. To make a brief visit; also, to stop at some place
designated, as for orders.
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He ordered her to call at the house once a week.
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{To call for}
(a) To demand; to require; as, a crime calls for
punishment; a survey, grant, or deed calls for the
metes and bounds, or the quantity of land, etc., which
it describes.
(b) To give an order for; to request. "Whenever the coach
stopped, the sailor called for more ale." --Marryat.

{To call on}, {To call upon},
(a) To make a short visit to; as, call on a friend.
(b) To appeal to; to invite; to request earnestly; as, to
call upon a person to make a speech.
(c) To solicit payment, or make a demand, of a debt.
(d) To invoke or play to; to worship; as, to call upon

{To call out} To call or utter loudly; to brawl.
[1913 Webster]

481 Moby Thesaurus words for "call":
Angelus, Angelus bell, DDD, accompany, address, adjuration,
adumbrate, alarm, alarum, allurement, animal noise, ante, ante up,
antecedents, apostleship, apostrophize, appeal, appeal to,
appraise, appreciate, approximate, ask, ask for, assemble, assess,
attend, attractiveness, augur, awake, awaken, back, baptize, bark,
barking, base, basis, battle cry, bawl, bay, beck, beck and call,
bell, bellow, beseechment, bet, bet on, bid, bid come, biddance,
bidding, bill, birdcall, blackmail, blare, blat, blate, bleat,
bray, bugle call, busy signal, buzz, cackle, call, call away,
call back, call down, call for, call forth, call in, call off,
call on, call out, call together, call up, call upon, call-up,
calling, calling forth, cancel, care of souls, carol, cast lots,
castigate, caterwaul, causation, cause, cause and effect, caw,
challenge, chastise, chatter, cheep, cheer, chirk, chirp, chirr,
chirrup, chitter, christen, chuck, cite, clack, claim, clamor,
clang, class, cluck, cock-a-doodle-doo, collect, come by,
come over, command, compulsory military service, conjure,
conjure up, conscript, conscription, contribution, convene,
convocation, convoke, coo, cover, croak, cronk, crow, cry, cry out,
cuckoo, cut lots, cut the cards, define, demand, demand for,
demand payment, denominate, denote, designate, determinant,
determinative, dial, dial tone, direct distance dialing,
discontinue, draft, draft call, drafting, drain, draw, draw lots,
draw on, draw straws, drawing power, drop in, drum, dub, dun, duty,
duty visit, element, elicit, engraved invitation, enlist,
enlistment, enrollment, entitle, entreat, entreaty, estimate,
etiology, evaluate, evocation, evoke, exact, exaction, excuse,
extortion, extortionate demand, factor, fade, fetch, figure,
forecast, form an estimate, formal visit, foundation, gabble,
gaggle, gamble, game, gather, gauge, get, give a ring,
give an appreciation, give tongue, give voice, gobble, good reason,
ground, grounds, grunt, guess, guggle, hail, halloo, hang up,
hazard, heavy demand, hold the phone, holler, hollo, holy orders,
honk, hoo, hoot, howl, howling, hurrah, identify, imploration,
imploring, imposition, impost, imprecation, impressment, indent,
induction, insistent demand, inspire, invitation, invite,
invocation, invocatory plea, invoice, invoke, issue an invitation,
judge, justification, knock up, label, last post, lay, lay a wager,
lay down, levy, listen in, local call, long distance,
long-distance call, look in, look up, lot, low, lure, mad round,
make a bet, make a call, make an estimation, mark, match coins,
material basis, mating call, measure, meet a bet, meow, mew, mewl,
miaow, mobile call, mobilization, moo, moose call, muster,
muster up, name, necessity, need, neigh, nicker, nickname, nod,
nonnegotiable demand, note, notice, notification, obligation,
obsecration, obtestation, occasion, on call, on duty, option,
order, order up, page, parlay, pass, pastorage, pastoral care,
pastorate, peep, person-to-person call, petition, phone,
phone call, pick up, pip, pipe, place, play, play against,
play at dice, play the ponies, plea, plunge, pop in, portend,
postpone, postulate, prayer, preconization, preconize, predict,
presage, press, priesthood, priestship, principle, prize,
prognosticate, prophesy, pule, pull, punt, put, put and call,
quack, rabbinate, raffle off, rally, rallying cry, rank, rate,
ready, reason, rebel yell, rebuke, recall, reckon, recruit,
recruiting, recruitment, reprimand, reprove, request, require,
required visit, requirement, requisition, reveille, right, ring,
ring off, ring up, roar, rogation, roll, round up, rouse, run in,
rush, rush order, sacred calling, scold, screak, scream, screech,
seduction, see, selective service, send a statement, send after,
send for, serve, shoot craps, shout, shriek, shrill, sing,
social call, social round, social whirl, solicit, song, specify,
speculate, sport, spread, squall, squawk, squeak, squeal, stake,
stand pat, station-to-station call, stimulus, stock option,
straddle, strap, stridulation, strip, style, subpoena, substance,
suit, summon, summon forth, summon up, summons, supplicate,
supplication, tag, taps, tax, taxing, telephone, telephone call,
term, the church, the cloth, the desk, the ministry, the pulpit,
tinkle, title, toll call, toss, tribute, trill, troat,
trumpet call, tweet, twit, twitter, ultimatum, ululate, ululation,
upbraid, valuate, value, vaticinate, visit, visitation, visiting,
vocation, vociferate, wager, wail, wake up, war cry, war whoop,
warble, warning, warrant, whicker, whine, whinny, whistle, whoop,
within call, woodnote, yammer, yap, yawl, yawp, yell, yelp, yip,
yo-ho, yowl

(1.) To cry for help, hence to pray (Gen. 4:26). Thus men are
said to "call upon the name of the Lord" (Acts 2:21; 7:59; 9:14;
Rom. 10:12; 1 Cor. 1:2).

(2.) God calls with respect to men when he designates them to
some special office (Ex. 31:2; Isa. 22:20; Acts 13:2), and when
he invites them to accept his offered grace (Matt. 9:13; 11:28;

In the message of the gospel his call is addressed to all men,
to Jews and Gentiles alike (Matt. 28:19; Mark 16:15; Rom. 9:24,
25). But this universal call is not inseparably connected with
salvation, although it leaves all to whom it comes inexcusable
if they reject it (John 3:14-19; Matt. 22:14).

An effectual call is something more than the outward message
of the Word of God to men. It is internal, and is the result of
the enlightening and sanctifying influence of the Holy Spirit
(John 16:14; Acts 26: 18; John 6:44), effectually drawing men to
Christ, and disposing and enabling them to receive the truth
(John 6:45; Acts 16:14; Eph. 1:17).




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