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reed    音標拼音: [r'id]
n. 蘆葦,蘆笛,簧,不可依靠的人
vt. 用蘆葦蓋,裝簧片于


n 1: tall woody perennial grasses with hollow slender stems
especially of the genera Arundo and Phragmites
2: United States journalist who reported on the October
Revolution from Petrograd in 1917; founded the Communist
Labor Party in America in 1919; is buried in the Kremlin in
Moscow (1887-1920) [synonym: {Reed}, {John Reed}]
3: United States physician who proved that yellow fever is
transmitted by mosquitoes (1851-1902) [synonym: {Reed}, {Walter
4: a vibrator consisting of a thin strip of stiff material that
vibrates to produce a tone when air streams over it; "the
clarinetist fitted a new reed onto his mouthpiece" [synonym:
{reed}, {vibrating reed}]
5: a musical instrument that sounds by means of a vibrating reed
[synonym: {beating-reed instrument}, {reed instrument}, {reed}]

Reed \Reed\ (r[=e]d), a.
Red. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

Reed \Reed\, v. & n.
Same as {Rede}. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

Reed \Reed\, n.
The fourth stomach of a ruminant; rennet. [Prov. Eng. or
[1913 Webster]

Reed \Reed\, n. [AS. hre['o]d; akin to D. riet, G. riet, ried,
OHG. kriot, riot.]
1. (Bot.) A name given to many tall and coarse grasses or
grasslike plants, and their slender, often jointed, stems,
such as the various kinds of bamboo, and especially the
common reed of Europe and North America ({Phragmites
[1913 Webster]

2. A musical instrument made of the hollow joint of some
plant; a rustic or pastoral pipe.
[1913 Webster]

Arcadian pipe, the pastoral reed
Of Hermes. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

3. An arrow, as made of a reed. --Prior.
[1913 Webster]

4. Straw prepared for thatching a roof. [Prov. Eng.]
[1913 Webster]

5. (Mus.)
(a) A small piece of cane or wood attached to the
mouthpiece of certain instruments, and set in
vibration by the breath. In the clarinet it is a
single fiat reed; in the oboe and bassoon it is
double, forming a compressed tube.
(b) One of the thin pieces of metal, the vibration of
which produce the tones of a melodeon, accordeon,
harmonium, or seraphine; also attached to certain sets
or registers of pipes in an organ.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Weaving) A frame having parallel flat stripe of metal or
reed, between which the warp threads pass, set in the
swinging lathe or batten of a loom for beating up the
weft; a sley. See {Batten}.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Mining) A tube containing the train of powder for
igniting the charge in blasting.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Arch.) Same as {Reeding}.
[1913 Webster]

{Egyptian reed} (Bot.), the papyrus.

{Free reed} (Mus.), a reed whose edges do not overlap the
wind passage, -- used in the harmonium, concertina, etc.
It is distinguished from the beating or striking reed of
the organ and clarinet.

{Meadow reed grass} (Bot.), the {Glyceria aquatica}, a tall
grass found in wet places.

{Reed babbler}. See {Reedbird}.

{Reed bunting} (Zool.) A European sparrow ({Emberiza
sch[oe]niclus}) which frequents marshy places; -- called
also {reed sparrow}, {ring bunting}.
(b) Reedling.

{Reed canary grass} (Bot.), a tall wild grass ({Phalaris

{Reed grass}. (Bot.)
(a) The common reed. See {Reed}, 1.
(b) A plant of the genus {Sparganium}; bur reed. See under

{Reed organ} (Mus.), an organ in which the wind acts on a set
of free reeds, as the harmonium, melodeon, concertina,

{Reed pipe} (Mus.), a pipe of an organ furnished with a reed.

{Reed sparrow}. (Zool.) See {Reed bunting}, above.

{Reed stop} (Mus.), a set of pipes in an organ furnished with

{Reed warbler}. (Zool.)
(a) A small European warbler ({Acrocephalus streperus});
-- called also {reed wren}.
(b) Any one of several species of Indian and Australian
warblers of the genera {Acrocephalus}, {Calamoherpe},
and {Arundinax}. They are excellent singers.

{Sea-sand reed} (Bot.), a kind of coarse grass ({Ammophila
arundinacea}). See {Beach grass}, under {Beach}.

{Wood reed grass} (Bot.), a tall, elegant grass ({Cinna
arundinacea}), common in moist woods.
[1913 Webster] Reedbird

161 Moby Thesaurus words for "reed":
English horn, Pandean pipe, adjutage, aerophone, aftergrass,
anthrophore, arrow, arrowhead, aulos, axis, bamboo, barb,
basset horn, basset oboe, bassoon, bell, bobtailed arrow, bole,
bolt, bombard, cambric tea, cane, carpophore, catheter, caudex,
caulicle, caulis, cereal, cereal plant, chested arrow, clarinet,
cloth yard shaft, cobweb, contrabassoon, contrafagotto, corn,
cromorne, culm, dart, dishwater, double bassoon, double reed,
drainpipe, efflux tube, embouchure, farinaceous plant, fife,
fipple flute, fire hose, flageolet, flight, flue pipe, flute, fog,
footstalk, forage grass, funicule, funiculus, funnel, garden hose,
gas pipe, gossamer, grain, graminaceous plant, grass, gruel, hair,
haulm, hautboy, heckelphone, horn, hornpipe, hose, hosepipe,
house of cards, key, lawn grass, leafstalk, licorice stick, lip,
matchwood, milk and water, mouthpiece, musette, nipple, oaten reed,
oboe, oboe da caccia, ocarina, organ pipe, ornamental grass,
panpipe, pedicel, peduncle, penny-whistle, petiole, petiolule,
petiolus, piccolo, pipe, pipeline, pipette, piping, pommer,
quarrel, recorder, reed instrument, reed pipe, rope of sand,
sand castle, sax, saxophone, seedstalk, shaft, shawm, siamese,
siamese connection, single reed, single-reed instrument, siphon,
slide, snorkel, soil pipe, sonorophone, spear, spire, stalk,
standpipe, steam pipe, stem, stipe, stock, straw, sweet potato,
syrinx, tabor pipe, tap, tenoroon, thread, tigella, tin-whistle,
tooter, trunk, tube, tubing, tubulation, tubule, tubulet, tubulure,
valve, volley, waste pipe, water, water pipe, whistle, wind,
wind instrument, woods, woodwind, woodwind choir,
woodwind instrument

(1.) "Paper reeds" (Isa. 19:7; R.V., "reeds"). Heb. 'aroth,
properly green herbage growing in marshy places.

(2.) Heb. kaneh (1 Kings 14:15; Job 40:21; Isa. 19:6), whence
the Gr. kanna, a "cane," a generic name for a reed of any kind.

The reed of Egypt and Palestine is the Arundo donax, which
grows to the height of 12 feet, its stalk jointed like the
bamboo, "with a magnificent panicle of blossom at the top, and
so slender and yielding that it will lie perfectly flat under a
gust of wind, and immediately resume its upright position." It
is used to illustrate weakness (2 Kings 18:21; Ezek. 29:6), also
fickleness or instability (Matt. 11:7; comp. Eph. 4:14).

A "bruised reed" (Isa. 42:3; Matt. 12:20) is an emblem of a
believer weak in grace. A reed was put into our Lord's hands in
derision (Matt. 27:29); and "they took the reed and smote him on
the head" (30). The "reed" on which they put the sponge filled
with vinegar (Matt. 27:48) was, according to John (19:29), a
hyssop stalk, which must have been of some length, or perhaps a
bunch of hyssop twigs fastened to a rod with the sponge. (See {CANE}.)

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