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VAN    音標拼音: [v'æn]
n. 貨車,篷車,先鋒,前驅,前衛
vt. 用車搬運

貨車,篷車,先鋒,前驅,前衛用車搬運

van
n 1: any creative group active in the innovation and application
of new concepts and techniques in a given field (especially
in the arts) [synonym: {avant-garde}, {vanguard}, {van}, {new
wave}]
2: the leading units moving at the head of an army [synonym:
{vanguard}, {van}]
3: (Great Britain) a closed railroad car that carries baggage or
freight
4: a camper equipped with living quarters [synonym: {van},
{caravan}]
5: a truck with an enclosed cargo space

Van \Van\, n. [L. vannus a van, or fan for winnowing grain: cf.
F. van. Cf. {Fan}, {Van} a wing {Winnow}.]
[1913 Webster]
1. A fan or other contrivance, as a sieve, for winnowing
grain.
[1913 Webster]

2. [OF. vanne, F. vanneau beam feather (cf. It. vanno a wing)
fr. L. vannus. See Etymology above.] A wing with which the
air is beaten. [Archaic] "[/Angels] on their plumy vans
received him. " --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

He wheeled in air, and stretched his vans in vain;
His vans no longer could his flight sustain.
--Dryden.
[1913 Webster]


Van \Van\, n. [Abbrev. fr. vanguard.]
The front of an army; the first line or leading column; also,
the front line or foremost division of a fleet, either in
sailing or in battle.
[1913 Webster]

Standards and gonfalons, twixt van and rear,
Stream in the air. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]


Van \Van\, n. [Cornish.] (Mining)
A shovel used in cleansing ore.
[1913 Webster]


Van \Van\, v. t. (Mining)
To wash or cleanse, as a small portion of ore, on a shovel.
--Raymond.
[1913 Webster]


Van \Van\, n. [Abbreviated from caravan.]
[1913 Webster]
1. A light wagon, either covered or open, used by tradesmen
and others for the transportation of goods. [Eng.]
[1913 Webster]

2. A large covered wagon for moving furniture, etc., also for
conveying wild beasts, etc., for exhibition.
[1913 Webster]

3. A closed railway car for baggage. See the Note under
{Car}, 2. [Eng.]
[1913 Webster]


Van \Van\, v. t. [Cf. F. vanner to winnow, to fan. See {Van} a
winnowing machine.]
To fan, or to cleanse by fanning; to winnow. [Obs.] --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]


Caravan \Car"a*van\ (k[a^]r"[.a]*v[a^]n or k[a^]r*[.a]*v[a^]n";
277), n. [F. caravane (cf. Sp. caravana), fr. Per. karw[=a]n
a caravan (in sense 1). Cf. {Van} a wagon.]
1. A company of travelers, pilgrims, or merchants, organized
and equipped for a long journey, or marching or traveling
together, esp. through deserts and countries infested by
robbers or hostile tribes, as in Asia or Africa.
[1913 Webster]

2. A large, covered wagon, or a train of such wagons, for
conveying wild beasts, etc., for exhibition; an itinerant
show, as of wild beasts.
[1913 Webster]

3. A covered vehicle for carrying passengers or for moving
furniture, etc.; -- sometimes shorted into {van}.
[1913 Webster]

97 Moby Thesaurus words for "van":
Conestoga wagon, Pullman, Pullman car, advance guard, airhead,
anteposition, armed guard, avant-garde, baggage car, bank guard,
battle line, beachhead, boxcar, bridgehead, caboose, car, caravan,
carriage, chair car, coach, coal car, coast guard, cordon,
cordon sanitaire, covered waggon, covered wagon, day coach, diner,
dinghy, dining car, drawing room, dray, farthest outpost,
first line, flat, flatcar, forefront, foregoing, front, front line,
front rank, front-runner, garrison, goalie, goalkeeper, goaltender,
gondola, guard, guarder, guardsman, haywagon, heading,
inlying picket, jailer, le pas, leading, line, local, luggage van,
mail car, mail van, outguard, outpost, palace car, parlor car,
passenger car, picket, pioneer, point, prairie schooner,
precedence, preceding, precursor, priority, railhead, railway car,
rear guard, reefer, refrigerator car, roomette, scout,
security guard, sleeper, smoker, smoking car, spearhead, stockcar,
tank, tender, the lead, train guard, truck, vanguard, waggon,
wagon, wain, warder



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