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group    音標拼音: [gr'up]
n. 小組,團體,群體,一伙人
v. 聚集,成群結隊;歸類 ; 新聞組,(即NEWSGROUP)

小組,團體,群體,一夥人聚集,成群結隊;歸類 ; 新聞組,(即NEWSGROUP)

group
DO--句組


group
組; 群


group
群錄


group
群論


group
群幹線

group
群 組

group
n 1: any number of entities (members) considered as a unit [synonym:
{group}, {grouping}]
2: (chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit
and forming part of a molecule [synonym: {group}, {radical},
{chemical group}]
3: a set that is closed, associative, has an identity element
and every element has an inverse [synonym: {group}, {mathematical
group}]
v 1: arrange into a group or groups; "Can you group these shapes
together?"
2: form a group or group together [synonym: {group}, {aggroup}]

Group \Group\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Grouped}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Grouping}.] [Cf. F. grouper. See {Group}, n.]
To form a group of; to arrange or combine in a group or in
groups, often with reference to mutual relation and the best
effect; to form an assemblage of.
[1913 Webster]

The difficulty lies in drawing and disposing, or, as
the painters term it, in grouping such a multitude of
different objects. --Prior.
[1913 Webster]

{Grouped columns} (Arch.), three or more columns placed upon
the same pedestal.
[1913 Webster]


Group \Group\ (gr[=oo]p), n. [F groupe, It. gruppo, groppo,
cluster, bunch, packet, group; of G. origin: cf. G. kropf
craw, crop, tumor, bunch. See {Crop}, n.]
1. A cluster, crowd, or throng; an assemblage, either of
persons or things, collected without any regular form or
arrangement; as, a group of men or of trees; a group of
isles.
[1913 Webster]

2. An assemblage of objects in a certain order or relation,
or having some resemblance or common characteristic; as,
groups of strata.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Biol.) A variously limited assemblage of animals or
plants, having some resemblance, or common characteristics
in form or structure. The term has different uses, and may
be made to include certain species of a genus, or a whole
genus, or certain genera, or even several orders.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Mus.) A number of eighth, sixteenth, etc., notes joined
at the stems; -- sometimes rather indefinitely applied to
any ornament made up of a few short notes.
[1913 Webster]


Residue \Res"i*due\ (r?z"?-d?), n. [F. r['e]sidu, L. residuum,
fr. residuus that is left behind, remaining, fr. residere to
remain behind. See {Reside}, and cf. {Residuum}.]
1. That which remains after a part is taken, separated,
removed, or designated; remnant; remainder.
[1913 Webster]

The residue of them will I deliver to the sword.
--Jer. xv. 9.
[1913 Webster]

If church power had then prevailed over its victims,
not a residue of English liberty would have been
saved. --I. Taylor.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Law) That part of a testeator's estate wwhich is not
disposed of in his will by particular and special legacies
and devises, and which remains after payment of debts and
legacies.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Chem.) That which remains of a molecule after the removal
of a portion of its constituents; hence, an atom or group
regarded as a portion of a molecule; a {moiety} or
{group}; -- used as nearly equivalent to {radical}, but in
a more general sense.
[1913 Webster PJC]

Note: The term radical is sometimes restricted to groups
containing carbon, the term residue and {moiety} being
applied to the others.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Theory of Numbers) Any positive or negative number that
differs from a given number by a multiple of a given
modulus; thus, if 7 is the modulus, and 9 the given
number, the numbers -5, 2, 16, 23, etc., are residues.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Rest; remainder; remnant; balance; residuum; remains;
leavings; relics.
[1913 Webster]

387 Moby Thesaurus words for "group":
American, Art Nouveau, Ashcan school, Barbizon, Bauhaus, Bolognese,
British, Bund, Cobra, Dutch, Flemish, Fontainebleau, French,
German band, Italian, Mannerist, Milanese, Modenese, Momentum,
Neapolitan, New York, Paduan, Parisian, Phases, Philharmonic,
Pre-Raphaelite, Raphaelite, Reflex, Restany, Rochdale cooperative,
Roman, Scottish, Sienese, Spur, Suprematism, The Ten, Tuscan,
Umbrian, Venetian, Washington, accumulate, accumulation, adjust,
affiliation, age group, agglomerate, agglomeration, aggregate,
aggregation, aggroup, alliance, alphabetize, amass, amount,
analyze, appraise, arrange, array, art schools, assemblage,
assemble, assembly, assess, association, assort, assortment, axis,
band, batch, battalion, battery, bevy, big band, bloc, blood, body,
bolt, bracket, branch, brass, brass band, brass choir,
brass quintet, brass section, brasses, break down, brigade,
bring together, budget, bulk, bunch, bunch together, bunch up,
bundle, cabal, cadre, callithumpian band, camarilla, cartel, cast,
caste, catalog, catalogue, categorize, category, cell, chain,
chamber orchestra, charmed circle, chunk, church, circle, clan,
class, classify, clique, closed circle, clot, club, clump, cluster,
clutch, coalition, codify, cohort, collate, collect, collection,
college, colligate, collocate, combination, combine, combo,
common market, communion, community, company, compare, compile,
complement, concert band, confederacy, confederation, congeries,
conglomerate, conglomeration, congregation, consumer cooperative,
contingent, cooperative, cooperative society, copse, corps, corral,
coterie, council, count, couple, covey, credit union, crew, crop,
crowd, cumulate, customs union, deal, denomination, desks,
detachment, detail, dig up, digest, dispose, divide, division,
dixieland band, dose, draw together, dredge up, drive together,
eclectic, economic community, elite, elite group, enlarge,
ensemble, estate, evaluate, faction, factor, federation,
fellowship, file, fleet, free trade area, gamelan orchestra, gang,
gather, gather in, gather together, gathering, gauge, get in,
get together, gob, gradate, grade, graduate, grouping, groupment,
groups, grove, guild, hassock, head, heading, heap, hunk, identify,
in-group, index, ingroup, inner circle, jazz band, join, jug band,
junta, junto, juxtapose, kin, knot, label, large amount, league,
level, list, look-alikes, lot, lump together, machine, make up,
mass, match, matching pair, measure, mess, military band, mob,
mobilize, movement, muster, number, offshoot, orchestra, order,
organization, organize, out-group, outfit, pack, pair, parcel,
part, partner, partnership, party, passel, peer group, persuasion,
phalanx, pigeonhole, pile, place, platoon, plein-air,
political machine, pool, portion, position, posse, predicament,
proportion, push, put together, quantity, quartet, quintet, race,
ragtime band, raise, rake up, rally, range, rank, rate, rating,
ration, regiment, religious order, riddle, ring,
rock-and-roll group, round up, rubric, ruck, salon, schism, school,
scrape together, screen, sect, sectarism, section, segment,
separate, sept, series, set, set apart, sextet, shock, sieve, sift,
size, skiffle band, slew, small amount, society, sort, sort out,
squad, stable, station, status, steel band, stook, strain, stratum,
street band, string, string band, string choir, string orchestra,
string quartet, strings, subdivide, subdivision, subgroup,
suborder, subordinate, suite, sum, swing band, symphony,
symphony orchestra, tabulate, take up, team, thicket, thrash out,
tier, title, tribe, trio, troop, troupe, trust, tuft, tussock,
twins, type, union, unit, variety, version, waits, we-group, weigh,
whip in, wing, winnow, wisp, woodwind, woodwind choir,
woodwind quartet, woodwinds

A group G is a non-empty {set} upon which a {binary} operator
* is defined with the following properties for all a,b,c in G:

Closure: G is closed under *, a*b in G
Associative: * is associative on G, (a*b)*c = a*(b*c)
Identity: There is an identity element e such that
a*e = e*a = a.
Inverse: Every element has a unique inverse a' such that
a * a' = a' * a = e. The inverse is usually
written with a superscript -1.

(1998-10-03)



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