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liver    音標拼音: [l'ɪvɚ]
n. 肝臟,生活者,居民

肝臟,生活者,居民

liver
adj 1: having a reddish-brown color [synonym: {liver-colored},
{liver}]
n 1: large and complicated reddish-brown glandular organ located
in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity;
secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and
carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in
the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A;
detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn-out
erythrocytes
2: liver of an animal used as meat
3: a person who has a special life style; "a high liver"
4: someone who lives in a place; "a liver in cities"

Liver \Liv"er\, n. [AS. lifer; akin to D. liver, G. leber, OHG.
lebara, Icel. lifr, Sw. lefver, and perh. to Gr. ? fat, E.
live, v.] (Anat.)
A very large glandular and vascular organ in the visceral
cavity of all vertebrates.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Most of the venous blood from the alimentary canal
passes through it on its way back to the heart; and it
secretes the bile, produces glycogen, and in other ways
changes the blood which passes through it. In man it is
situated immediately beneath the diaphragm and mainly
on the right side. See {Bile}, {Digestive}, and
{Glycogen}. The liver of invertebrate animals is
usually made up of c[ae]cal tubes, and differs
materially, in form and function, from that of
vertebrates.
[1913 Webster]

{Floating liver}. See {Wandering liver}, under {Wandering}.


{Liver of antimony}, {Liver of sulphur}. (Old Chem.) See
{Hepar}.

{Liver brown}, {Liver color}, the color of liver, a dark,
reddish brown.

{Liver shark} (Zool.), a very large shark ({Cetorhinus
maximus}), inhabiting the northern coasts both of Europe
and North America. It sometimes becomes forty feet in
length, being one of the largest sharks known; but it has
small simple teeth, and is not dangerous. It is captured
for the sake of its liver, which often yields several
barrels of oil. It has gill rakers, resembling whalebone,
by means of which it separates small animals from the sea
water. Called also {basking shark}, {bone shark},
{hoemother}, {homer}, and {sailfish}; it is sometimes
referred to as {whale shark}, but that name is more
commonly used for the {Rhincodon typus}, which grows even
larger.

{Liver spots}, yellowish brown patches on the skin, or spots
of chloasma.
[1913 Webster]


Liver \Liv"er\, n.
1. One who, or that which, lives.
[1913 Webster]

And try if life be worth the liver's care. --Prior.
[1913 Webster]

2. A resident; a dweller; as, a liver in Brooklyn.
[1913 Webster]

3. One whose course of life has some marked characteristic
(expressed by an adjective); as, a free liver.
[1913 Webster]

{Fast liver}, one who lives in an extravagant and dissipated
way.

{Free liver}, {Good liver}, one given to the pleasures of the
table.

{Loose liver}, a person who lives a somewhat dissolute life.
[1913 Webster]


Liver \Liv"er\ (l[i^]v"[~e]r), n. (Zool.)
The glossy ibis ({Ibis falcinellus}); -- said to have given
its name to the city of Liverpool.
[1913 Webster]

84 Moby Thesaurus words for "liver":
abatis, abdomen, absorption, anus, appendix, assimilation, bile,
blind gut, bowels, brain, brains, cecum, chitterlings, cholangitis,
cholecystitis, cirrhosis, cockscomb, colon, denizen, digestion,
digestive system, duodenum, dweller, endocardium, entrails,
foregut, gastric juice, gastrointestinal tract, giblets, gizzard,
guts, haslet, heart, hepatitis, hepatoma, hindgut, icterus,
infectious hepatitis, ingestion, innards, inner mechanism, insides,
internals, intestinal juice, intestine, inwards, jaundice, jejunum,
kidney, kidneys, kishkes, large intestine, liver and lights, lung,
marrow, midgut, occupant, pancreas, pancreatic digestion,
pancreatic juice, perineum, predigestion, pump, pylorus, rectum,
resident, resider, saliva, salivary digestion, salivary glands,
secondary digestion, serum hepatitis, small intestine, spleen,
stomach, sweetbread, ticker, tongue, tripe, tripes,
vermiform appendix, viscera, vitals, works

Liver
(Heb. kabhed, "heavy;" hence the liver, as being the heaviest of
the viscera, Ex. 29:13, 22; Lev. 3:4, 1, 10, 15) was burnt upon
the altar, and not used as sacrificial food. In Ezek. 21:21
there is allusion, in the statement that the king of Babylon
"looked upon the liver," to one of the most ancient of all modes
of divination. The first recorded instance of divination (q.v.)
is that of the teraphim of Laban. By the teraphim the LXX. and
Josephus understood "the liver of goats." By the "caul above the
liver," in Lev. 4:9; 7:4, etc., some understand the great lobe
of the liver itself.



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