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ordinance    音標拼音: ['ɔrdənəns]
n. 法令,條例,圣餐禮

法令,條例,聖餐禮

ordinance
n 1: an authoritative rule [synonym: {regulation}, {ordinance}]
2: a statute enacted by a city government
3: the act of ordaining; the act of conferring (or receiving)
holy orders; "the rabbi's family was present for his
ordination" [synonym: {ordination}, {ordinance}]

Ordinance \Or"di*nance\, n. [OE. ordenance, OF. ordenance, F.
ordonnance. See {Ordain}, and cf. {Ordnance}, {Ordonnance}.]
[1913 Webster]
1. Orderly arrangement; preparation; provision. [Obs.]
--Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

They had made their ordinance
Of victual, and of other purveyance. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

2. A rule established by authority; a permanent rule of
action; a statute, law, regulation, rescript, or accepted
usage; an edict or decree; esp., a local law enacted by a
municipal government; as, a municipal ordinance.
[1913 Webster]

Thou wilt die by God's just ordinance. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

By custom and the ordinance of times. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Walking in all the commandments and ordinances of
the Lord blameless. --Luke i. 6.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Acts of Parliament are sometimes called ordinances;
also, certain colonial laws and certain acts of
Congress under Confederation; as, the ordinance of 1787
for the government of the territory of the United
States northwest of the Ohio River; the colonial
ordinance of 1641, or 1647. This word is often used in
Scripture in the sense of a law or statute of sovereign
power. --Ex. xv. 25. --Num. x. 8. --Ezra iii. 10. Its
most frequent application now in the United States is
to laws and regulations of municipal corporations.
--Wharton (Law Dict.).
[1913 Webster]

3. (Eccl.) An established rite or ceremony.
[1913 Webster]

4. Rank; order; station. [Obs.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

5. [See {Ordnance}.] Ordnance; cannon. [Obs.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

90 Moby Thesaurus words for "ordinance":
act, appointment, bill, brevet, bull, bylaw, canon, ceremonial,
ceremony, code, commandment, convention, declaration, decree,
decree-law, decreement, decretal, decretum, dictate, dictation,
dictum, diktat, duty, edict, edictum, enactment, fiat, form,
form of worship, formality, formula, formulary, function,
general principle, golden rule, guideline, guiding principle,
holy rite, imperative, institution, ipse dixit, jus, law,
legislation, lex, liturgy, maxim, measure, mitzvah,
mode of worship, moral, mystery, norm, observance, office,
order of worship, ordonnance, practice, precept, prescribed form,
prescript, prescription, principium, principle, proclamation,
pronouncement, pronunciamento, regulation, rescript, rite, ritual,
ritual observance, rituality, rubric, rule, ruling, sacrament,
sacramental, senatus consult, senatus consultum, service,
settled principle, solemnity, standard, standing order, statute,
tenet, ukase, working principle, working rule

ORDINANCE, legislation. A law, a statute, a decree.
2. This word is more usually applied to the laws of a corporation, than
to the acts of the legislature; as the ordinances of the city of
Philadelphia. The following account of the difference between a statute and
an ordinance is extracted from Bac. Ab. Statute, A. "Where the proceeding
consisted only of a petition from parliament, and an answer from the king,
these were entered on the parliament roll; and if the matter was of a public
nature, the whole was then styled an ordinance; if, however, the petition
and answer were not only of a public, but a novel nature, they were then
formed into an act by the king, with the aid of his council and judges, and
entered on the statute roll." See Harg. & But. Co. Litt. l59 b, notis; 3
Reeves, Hist. Eng. Law, 146.
3. According to Lord Coke, the difference between a statute and an
ordinance is, that the latter has not had the assent of the king, lords, and
commons, but is made merely by two of those powers. 4 Inst. 25. See Barr. on
Stat. 41, note (x).

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