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institution    音標拼音: [,ɪnstɪt'uʃən]
n. U建立,設立;C公共機構

U建立,設立;C公共機構

institution
n 1: an organization founded and united for a specific purpose
[synonym: {institution}, {establishment}]
2: an establishment consisting of a building or complex of
buildings where an organization for the promotion of some
cause is situated
3: a custom that for a long time has been an important feature
of some group or society; "the institution of marriage"; "the
institution of slavery"; "he had become an institution in the
theater"
4: the act of starting something for the first time; introducing
something new; "she looked forward to her initiation as an
adult"; "the foundation of a new scientific society" [synonym:
{initiation}, {founding}, {foundation}, {institution},
{origination}, {creation}, {innovation}, {introduction},
{instauration}]
5: a hospital for mentally incompetent or unbalanced person
[synonym: {mental hospital}, {psychiatric hospital}, {mental
institution}, {institution}, {mental home}, {insane asylum},
{asylum}]

Institution \In`sti*tu"tion\, n. [L. institutio: cf. F.
institution.]
[1913 Webster]
1. The act or process of instituting; as:
(a) Establishment; foundation; enactment; as, the
institution of a school.
[1913 Webster]

The institution of God's law is described as
being established by solemn injunction.
--Hooker.
(b) Instruction; education. [Obs.] --Bentley.
(c) (Eccl. Law) The act or ceremony of investing a
clergyman with the spiritual part of a benefice, by
which the care of souls is committed to his charge.
--Blackstone.
[1913 Webster]

2. That which instituted or established; as:
(a) Established order, method, or custom; enactment;
ordinance; permanent form of law or polity.
[1913 Webster]

The nature of our people,
Our city's institutions. --Shak.
(b) An established or organized society or corporation; an
establishment, especially of a public character, or
affecting a community; a foundation; as, a literary
institution; a charitable institution; also, a
building or the buildings occupied or used by such
organization; as, the Smithsonian Institution.
(c) Anything forming a characteristic and persistent
feature in social or national life or habits.
[1913 Webster]

We ordered a lunch (the most delightful of
English institutions, next to dinner) to be
ready against our return. --Hawthorne.
[1913 Webster]

3. That which institutes or instructs; a textbook; a system
of elements or rules; an institute. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

There is another manuscript, of above three hundred
years old, . . . being an institution of physic.
--Evelyn.
[1913 Webster]

158 Moby Thesaurus words for "institution":
A, academy, act, agency, alpha, apostolic orders, appointment,
asylum, atelier, barbershop, beauty parlor, beauty shop, beginning,
bench, bill, blast-off, butcher shop, bylaw, calling, canon,
canonization, ceremonial, ceremony, college, commencement, company,
concern, conferment, consecration, constitution, corporation,
creation, custom, cutting edge, dawn, decree, desk, dictate,
dictation, doctrine, dogma, duty, edge, edict, effectuation,
election, enactment, establishing, establishment, facility, firm,
fixture, flying start, form, form of worship, formality, formation,
forming, formula, formulary, foundation, founding, fresh start,
function, habit, holy orders, holy rite, home, hospital, house,
inauguration, inception, induction, installation, institute,
introduction, investiture, jump-off, jus, kick-off, law,
leading edge, legislation, lex, liturgy, loft, major orders,
materialization, measure, minor orders, mode of worship, mystery,
new departure, nomination, observance, office, oncoming, onset,
opening, ordainment, order of worship, orders, ordinance,
ordination, ordonnance, organization, origin, origination,
outbreak, outset, parlor, practice, preferment, prescribed form,
prescript, prescription, presentation, reading in, realization,
regulation, rite, ritual, ritual observance, rituality, routine,
rubric, rule, ruling, running start, sacrament, sacramental,
school, send-off, service, setting in motion, setting-up, shop,
solemnity, square one, standing order, start, start-off,
starting point, statute, studio, sweatshop, take-off, tradition,
university, work site, work space, workbench, workhouse,
working space, workplace, workroom, workshop, worktable

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