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had    音標拼音: [h'æd]
vbl. have的過去式和過去分詞
conj. 有

have的過去式和過去分詞有

Had \Had\ (h[a^]d), imp. & p. p. of {Have}. [OE. had, hafde,
hefde, AS. h[ae]fde.]
See {Have}.
[1913 Webster]

{Had as lief}, {Had rather}, {Had better}, {Had as soon},
etc., with a nominative and followed by the infinitive
without to, are well established idiomatic forms. The
original construction was that of the dative with forms of
be, followed by the infinitive. See {Had better}, under
{Better}.
[1913 Webster]

And lever me is be pore and trewe.
[And more agreeable to me it is to be poor and
true.] --C. Mundi
(Trans.).
[1913 Webster]

Him had been lever to be syke.
[To him it had been preferable to be sick.]
--Fabian.
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For him was lever have at his bed's head
Twenty bookes, clad in black or red, . . .
Than robes rich, or fithel, or gay sawtrie.
--Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Gradually the nominative was substituted for the
dative, and had for the forms of be. During the process
of transition, the nominative with was or were, and the
dative with had, are found.
[1913 Webster]

Poor lady, she were better love a dream. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

You were best hang yourself. --Beau. & Fl.
[1913 Webster]

Me rather had my heart might feel your love
Than my unpleased eye see your courtesy. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

I hadde levere than my scherte,
That ye hadde rad his legende, as have I.
--Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

I had as lief not be as live to be
In awe of such a thing as I myself. --Shak.
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I had rather be a dog and bay the moon,
Than such a Roman. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

I had rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my
God, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness.
--Ps. lxxxiv.
10.
[1913 Webster]


Have \Have\ (h[a^]v), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Had} (h[a^]d); p. pr.
& vb. n. {Having}. Indic. present, I {have}, thou {hast}, he
{has}; we, ye, they {have}.] [OE. haven, habben, AS. habben
(imperf. h[ae]fde, p. p. geh[ae]fd); akin to OS. hebbian, D.
hebben, OFries. hebba, OHG. hab[=e]n, G. haben, Icel. hafa,
Sw. hafva, Dan. have, Goth. haban, and prob. to L. habere,
whence F. avoir. Cf. {Able}, {Avoirdupois}, {Binnacle},
{Habit}.]
1. To hold in possession or control; to own; as, he has a
farm.
[1913 Webster]

2. To possess, as something which appertains to, is connected
with, or affects, one.
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The earth hath bubbles, as the water has. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

He had a fever late. --Keats.
[1913 Webster]

3. To accept possession of; to take or accept.
[1913 Webster]

Break thy mind to me in broken English; wilt thou
have me? --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. To get possession of; to obtain; to get. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

5. To cause or procure to be; to effect; to exact; to desire;
to require.
[1913 Webster]

I had the church accurately described to me. --Sir
W. Scott.
[1913 Webster]

Wouldst thou have me turn traitor also? --Ld.
Lytton.
[1913 Webster]

6. To bear, as young; as, she has just had a child.
[1913 Webster]

7. To hold, regard, or esteem.
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Of them shall I be had in honor. --2 Sam. vi.
22.
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8. To cause or force to go; to take. "The stars have us to
bed." --Herbert. "Have out all men from me." --2 Sam.
xiii. 9.
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9. To take or hold (one's self); to proceed promptly; -- used
reflexively, often with ellipsis of the pronoun; as, to
have after one; to have at one or at a thing, i. e., to
aim at one or at a thing; to attack; to have with a
companion. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

10. To be under necessity or obligation; to be compelled;
followed by an infinitive.
[1913 Webster]

Science has, and will long have, to be a divider
and a separatist. --M. Arnold.
[1913 Webster]

The laws of philology have to be established by
external comparison and induction. --Earle.
[1913 Webster]

11. To understand.
[1913 Webster]

You have me, have you not? --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

12. To put in an awkward position; to have the advantage of;
as, that is where he had him. [Slang]
[1913 Webster]

Note: Have, as an auxiliary verb, is used with the past
participle to form preterit tenses; as, I have loved; I
shall have eaten. Originally it was used only with the
participle of transitive verbs, and denoted the
possession of the object in the state indicated by the
participle; as, I have conquered him, I have or hold
him in a conquered state; but it has long since lost
this independent significance, and is used with the
participles both of transitive and intransitive verbs
as a device for expressing past time. Had is used,
especially in poetry, for would have or should have.
[1913 Webster]

Myself for such a face had boldly died.
--Tennyson.
[1913 Webster]

{To have a care}, to take care; to be on one's guard.

{To have (a man) out}, to engage (one) in a duel.

{To have done} (with). See under {Do}, v. i.

{To have it out}, to speak freely; to bring an affair to a
conclusion.

{To have on}, to wear.

{To have to do with}. See under Do, v. t.

Syn: To possess; to own. See {Possess}.
[1913 Webster]



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