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dean    音標拼音: [d'in]
n. 院長,主持牧師

院長,主持牧師

dean
n 1: an administrator in charge of a division of a university or
college
2: United States film actor whose moody rebellious roles made
him a cult figure (1931-1955) [synonym: {Dean}, {James Dean},
{James Byron Dean}]
3: a man who is the senior member of a group; "he is the dean of
foreign correspondents" [synonym: {dean}, {doyen}]
4: (Roman Catholic Church) the head of the College of Cardinals

Dean \Dean\, n. [OE. dene, deene, OF. deien, dien, F. doyen,
eldest of a corporation, a dean, L. decanus the chief of ten,
one set over ten persons, e. g., over soldiers or over monks,
from decem ten. See {Ten}, and cf. {Decemvir}.]
1. A dignitary or presiding officer in certain ecclesiastical
and lay bodies; esp., an ecclesiastical dignitary,
subordinate to a bishop.
[1913 Webster]

{Dean of cathedral church}, the chief officer of a chapter;
he is an ecclesiastical magistrate next in degree to
bishop, and has immediate charge of the cathedral and its
estates.

{Dean of peculiars}, a dean holding a preferment which has
some peculiarity relative to spiritual superiors and the
jurisdiction exercised in it. [Eng.]

{Rural dean}, one having, under the bishop, the especial care
and inspection of the clergy within certain parishes or
districts of the diocese.
[1913 Webster]

2. The collegiate officer in the universities of Oxford and
Cambridge, England, who, besides other duties, has regard
to the moral condition of the college. --Shipley.
[1913 Webster]

3. The head or presiding officer in the faculty of some
colleges or universities.
[1913 Webster]

4. A registrar or secretary of the faculty in a department of
a college, as in a medical, or theological, or scientific
department. [U.S.]
[1913 Webster]

5. The chief or senior of a company on occasion of ceremony;
as, the dean of the diplomatic corps; -- so called by
courtesy.
[1913 Webster]

{Cardinal dean}, the senior cardinal bishop of the college of
cardinals at Rome. --Shipley.

{Dean and chapter}, the legal corporation and governing body
of a cathedral. It consists of the dean, who is chief, and
his canons or prebendaries.

{Dean of arches}, the lay judge of the court of arches.

{Dean of faculty}, the president of an incorporation or
barristers; specifically, the president of the
incorporation of advocates in Edinburgh.

{Dean of guild}, a magistrate of Scotch burghs, formerly, and
still, in some burghs, chosen by the Guildry, whose duty
is to superintend the erection of new buildings and see
that they conform to the law.

{Dean of a monastery}, {Monastic dean}, a monastic superior
over ten monks.

{Dean's stall}. See {Decanal stall}, under {Decanal}.
[1913 Webster]

111 Moby Thesaurus words for "dean":
A per se, Grand Penitentiary, Holy Father, abuna, academic dean,
ace, administration, administrator, antipope, archbishop,
archdeacon, archon, archpriest, bellwether, bishop,
bishop coadjutor, boss, canon, cardinal, cardinal bishop,
cardinal deacon, cardinal priest, champion, chancellor, chaplain,
chief, chief executive, chief executive officer, coadjutor,
commander, curate, dean of men, dean of women, diocesan, doyen,
doyenne, ecclesiarch, elder, eldest, exarch, executive,
executive director, executive officer, executive secretary, father,
first-born, firstling, fugleman, genius, guide, head, headmaster,
headmistress, hierarch, high priest, higher-up, important person,
kingfish, kingpin, laureate, lead, leader, magistrate, management,
managing director, master, metropolitan, nonpareil, officer,
official, older, oldest, papa, paragon, patriarch, penitentiary,
personage, pilot, pontiff, pope, prebendary, prefect, prelate,
president, prexy, primate, principal, prodigy, provost, rector,
ruler, rural dean, secretary, senior, sire, star, subdean,
suffragan, superior, superman, superstar, the administration,
the greatest, the most, top dog, treasurer, vicar, vice-chancellor,
vice-president, virtuoso, warden

DEAN, eccl. law. An ecclesiastical officer, who derives his name from the
fact that he presides over ten canons, or, prebondaries, at least. There are
several kinds of deans, namely: 1. Deans of chapters. 2. Deans of peculiars.
3. Rural deans. 4. Deans in the colleges. 5. Honorary deans. 6. Deans of
provinces.



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