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self    音標拼音: [s'ɛlf]
n. 自我





adj 1: (used as a combining form) relating to--of or by or to or
from or for--the self; "self-knowledge"; "self-
proclaimed"; "self-induced"
n 1: your consciousness of your own identity [synonym: {self},
2: a person considered as a unique individual; "one's own self"

Self \Self\ (s[e^]lf), a. [AS. self, seolf, sylf; akin to OS.
self, OFries. self, D. zelf, G. selb, selber, selbst, Dan.
selv. Sw. sjelf, Icel. sj[=a]lfr, Goth. silba. Cf.
1. Same; particular; very; identical. [Obs., except in the
compound selfsame.] "On these self hills." --Sir. W.
[1913 Webster]

To shoot another arrow that self way
Which you did shoot the first. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

At that self moment enters Palamon. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

2. Having its own or a single nature or character, as in
color, composition, etc., without addition or change;
unmixed; as, a self bow, one made from a single piece of
wood; self flower or plant, one which is wholly of one
color; self-colored.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Self \Self\, n.; pl. {Selves}.
1. The individual as the object of his own reflective
consciousness; the man viewed by his own cognition as the
subject of all his mental phenomena, the agent in his own
activities, the subject of his own feelings, and the
possessor of capacities and character; a person as a
distinct individual; a being regarded as having
personality. "Those who liked their real selves."
[1913 Webster]

A man's self may be the worst fellow to converse
with in the world. --Pope.
[1913 Webster]

The self, the I, is recognized in every act of
intelligence as the subject to which that act
belongs. It is I that perceive, I that imagine, I
that remember, I that attend, I that compare, I that
feel, I that will, I that am conscious. --Sir W.
[1913 Webster]

2. Hence, personal interest, or love of private interest;
selfishness; as, self is his whole aim.
[1913 Webster]

3. Personification; embodiment. [Poetic.]
[1913 Webster]

She was beauty's self. --Thomson.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Self is united to certain personal pronouns and
pronominal adjectives to express emphasis or
distinction. Thus, for emphasis; I myself will write; I
will examine for myself; thou thyself shalt go; thou
shalt see for thyself; you yourself shall write; you
shall see for yourself; he himself shall write; he
shall examine for himself; she herself shall write; she
shall examine for herself; the child itself shall be
carried; it shall be present itself. It is also used
reflexively; as, I abhor myself; thou enrichest
thyself; he loves himself; she admires herself; it
pleases itself; we walue ourselves; ye hurry
yourselves; they see themselves. Himself, herself,
themselves, are used in the nominative case, as well as
in the objective. "Jesus himself baptized not, but his
disciples." --John iv. 2.
[1913 Webster]

Note: self is used in the formation of innumerable compounds,
usually of obvious signification, in most of which it
denotes either the agent or the object of the action
expressed by the word with which it is joined, or the
person in behalf of whom it is performed, or the person
or thing to, for, or towards whom or which a quality,
attribute, or feeling expressed by the following word
belongs, is directed, or is exerted, or from which it
proceeds; or it denotes the subject of, or object
affected by, such action, quality, attribute, feeling,
or the like; as, self-abandoning, self-abnegation,
self-abhorring, self-absorbed, self-accusing,
self-adjusting, self-balanced, self-boasting,
self-canceled, self-combating, self-commendation,
self-condemned, self-conflict, self-conquest,
self-constituted, self-consumed, self-contempt,
self-controlled, self-deceiving, self-denying,
self-destroyed, self-disclosure, self-display,
self-dominion, self-doomed, self-elected, self-evolved,
self-exalting, self-excusing, self-exile, self-fed,
self-fulfillment, self-governed, self-harming,
self-helpless, self-humiliation, self-idolized,
self-inflicted, self-improvement, self-instruction,
self-invited, self-judging, self-justification,
self-loathing, self-loving, self-maintenance,
self-mastered, self-nourishment, self-perfect,
self-perpetuation, self-pleasing, self-praising,
self-preserving, self-questioned, self-relying,
self-restraining, self-revelation, self-ruined,
self-satisfaction, self-support, self-sustained,
self-sustaining, self-tormenting, self-troubling,
self-trust, self-tuition, self-upbraiding,
self-valuing, self-worshiping, and many others.
[1913 Webster]

86 Moby Thesaurus words for "self":
I, I myself, alter, alter ego, alterum, anima, anima humana, atman,
ba, better self, breath, breath of life, buddhi, coconscious,
collective unconscious, conscience, conscious self, death instinct,
divine breath, ego, ego ideal, ego-id conflict, ethical self,
foreconscious, he, heart, her, herself, him, himself, id,
inner man, inner self, it, jiva, jivatma, khu, libidinal energy,
libido, manes, me, mind, motive force, my humble self, myself,
nephesh, number one, oneself, other self, ourselves, persona,
personality, pleasure principle, pneuma, preconscious,
primitive self, psyche, psychic apparatus, purusha,
racial unconscious, ruach, shade, shadow, she, soul, spirit,
spiritual being, spiritus, subconscious, subconscious mind,
subconscious self, subliminal, subliminal self, submerged mind,
superego, the self, them, themselves, they, unconscious,
unconscious mind, vital impulse, you, yours truly, yourself,

A small, {dynamically typed} {object-oriented
language}, based purely on {prototypes} and {delegation}.
Self was developed by the Self Group at {Sun Microsystems
Laboratories, Inc.} and {Stanford University}. It is an
experimental {exploratory programming} language.

Release 2.0 introduces full {source-level debugging} of
optimised code, adaptive optimisation to shorten compile
pauses, {lightweight threads} within Self, support for
dynamically linking {foreign functions}, changing programs
within Self and the ability to run the experimental Self
graphical browser under {OpenWindows}. Designed for
expressive power and malleability, Self combines a pure,
{prototype}-based object model with uniform access to state
and behaviour. Unlike other languages, Self allows objects to
inherit state and to change their patterns of inheritance
dynamically. Self's customising compiler can generate very
efficient code compared to other dynamically-typed
object-oriented languages.

Version: 3.0 runs on {Sun-3} (no optimiser) and {Sun-4}.


["Self: The Power of Simplicity", David Ungar
et al, SIGPLAN Notices 22(12):227-242,
OOPSLA '87, Dec 1987].


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