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dog    音標拼音: [d'ɔg]
n. 狗,犬;家伙
v. 跟蹤,追蹤


n 1: a member of the genus Canis (probably descended from the
common wolf) that has been domesticated by man since
prehistoric times; occurs in many breeds; "the dog barked
all night" [synonym: {dog}, {domestic dog}, {Canis familiaris}]
2: a dull unattractive unpleasant girl or woman; "she got a
reputation as a frump"; "she's a real dog" [synonym: {frump},
3: informal term for a man; "you lucky dog"
4: someone who is morally reprehensible; "you dirty dog" [synonym:
{cad}, {bounder}, {blackguard}, {dog}, {hound}, {heel}]
5: a smooth-textured sausage of minced beef or pork usually
smoked; often served on a bread roll [synonym: {frank},
{frankfurter}, {hotdog}, {hot dog}, {dog}, {wiener},
{wienerwurst}, {weenie}]
6: a hinged catch that fits into a notch of a ratchet to move a
wheel forward or prevent it from moving backward [synonym:
{pawl}, {detent}, {click}, {dog}]
7: metal supports for logs in a fireplace; "the andirons were
too hot to touch" [synonym: {andiron}, {firedog}, {dog}, {dog-
v 1: go after with the intent to catch; "The policeman chased
the mugger down the alley"; "the dog chased the rabbit"
[synonym: {chase}, {chase after}, {trail}, {tail}, {tag}, {give
chase}, {dog}, {go after}, {track}]

Sundog \Sun"dog`\, n. (Meteorol.)
1. A luminous spot occasionally seen a few degrees from the
sun, supposed to be formed by the intersection of two or
more halos, or in a manner similar to that of halos.
[1913 Webster]

2. A fragmentary rainbow; a small rainbow near the horizon;
-- called also {dog} and {weathergaw}.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Dog \Dog\ (d[add]g or d[o^]g), n. [AS. docga; akin to D. dog
mastiff, Dan. dogge, Sw. dogg.]
1. (Zool.) A quadruped of the genus {Canis}, esp. the
domestic dog ({Canis familiaris}).

Note: The dog is distinguished above all others of the
inferior animals for intelligence, docility, and
attachment to man. There are numerous carefully bred
varieties, as the {akita}, {beagle}, {bloodhound},
{bulldog}, {coachdog}, {collie}, {Danish dog},
{foxhound}, {greyhound}, {mastiff}, {pointer},
{poodle}, {St. Bernard}, {setter}, {spaniel}, {spitz},
{terrier}, {German shepherd}, {pit bull}, {Chihuahua},
etc. There are also many mixed breeds, and partially
domesticated varieties, as well as wild dogs, like the
dingo and dhole. (See these names in the Vocabulary.)
[1913 Webster PJC]

2. A mean, worthless fellow; a wretch.
[1913 Webster]

What is thy servant, which is but a dog, that he
should do this great thing? -- 2 Kings
viii. 13 (Rev.
Ver. )
[1913 Webster]

3. A fellow; -- used humorously or contemptuously; as, a sly
dog; a lazy dog. [Colloq.]
[1913 Webster]

4. (Astron.) One of the two constellations, Canis Major and
Canis Minor, or the Greater Dog and the Lesser Dog. Canis
Major contains the Dog Star (Sirius).
[1913 Webster]

5. An iron for holding wood in a fireplace; a firedog; an
[1913 Webster]

6. (Mech.)
(a) A grappling iron, with a claw or claws, for fastening
into wood or other heavy articles, for the purpose of
raising or moving them.
(b) An iron with fangs fastening a log in a saw pit, or on
the carriage of a sawmill.
(c) A piece in machinery acting as a catch or clutch;
especially, the carrier of a lathe, also, an
adjustable stop to change motion, as in a machine
[1913 Webster]

7. an ugly or crude person, especially an ugly woman. [slang]

8. a {hot dog}. [slang]

Note: Dog is used adjectively or in composition, commonly in
the sense of relating to, or characteristic of, a dog.
It is also used to denote a male; as, dog fox or g-fox,
a male fox; dog otter or dog-otter, dog wolf, etc.; --
also to denote a thing of cheap or mean quality; as,
dog Latin.
[1913 Webster]

{A dead dog}, a thing of no use or value. --1 Sam. xxiv. 14.

{A dog in the manger}, an ugly-natured person who prevents
others from enjoying what would be an advantage to them
but is none to him.

{Dog ape} (Zool.), a male ape.

{Dog cabbage}, or {Dog's cabbage} (Bot.), a succulent herb,
native to the Mediterranean region ({Thelygonum

{Dog cheap}, very cheap. See under {Cheap}.

{Dog ear} (Arch.), an acroterium. [Colloq.]

{Dog flea} (Zool.), a species of flea ({Pulex canis}) which
infests dogs and cats, and is often troublesome to man. In
America it is the common flea. See {Flea}, and

{Dog grass} (Bot.), a grass ({Triticum caninum}) of the same
genus as wheat.

{Dog Latin}, barbarous Latin; as, the dog Latin of pharmacy.

{Dog lichen} (Bot.), a kind of lichen ({Peltigera canina})
growing on earth, rocks, and tree trunks, -- a lobed
expansion, dingy green above and whitish with fuscous
veins beneath.

{Dog louse} (Zool.), a louse that infests the dog, esp.
{H[ae]matopinus piliferus}; another species is
{Trichodectes latus}.

{Dog power}, a machine operated by the weight of a dog
traveling in a drum, or on an endless track, as for

{Dog salmon} (Zool.), a salmon of northwest America and
northern Asia; -- the {gorbuscha}; -- called also {holia},
and {hone}.

{Dog shark}. (Zool.) See {Dogfish}.

{Dog's meat}, meat fit only for dogs; refuse; offal.

{Dog Star}. See in the Vocabulary.

{Dog wheat} (Bot.), Dog grass.

{Dog whelk} (Zool.), any species of univalve shells of the
family {Nassid[ae]}, esp. the {Nassa reticulata} of

{To give to the dogs}, or {To throw to the dogs}, to throw
away as useless. "Throw physic to the dogs; I'll none of
it." --Shak.

{To go to the dogs}, to go to ruin; to be ruined.
[1913 Webster]

Dog \Dog\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Dogged}; p. pr. & vb. n.
To hunt or track like a hound; to follow insidiously or
indefatigably; to chase with a dog or dogs; to worry, as if
by dogs; to hound with importunity.
[1913 Webster]

I have been pursued, dogged, and waylaid. -- Pope.
[1913 Webster]

Your sins will dog you, pursue you. --Burroughs.
[1913 Webster]

Eager ill-bred petitioners, who do not so properly
supplicate as hunt the person whom they address to,
dogging him from place to place, till they even extort
an answer to their rude requests. -- South.
[1913 Webster]

372 Moby Thesaurus words for "dog":
Afghan hound, Alaskan malamute, Bedlington terrier, Border terrier,
Boston bull, Cairn terrier, Chihuahua, Dalmatian,
Doberman pinscher, English toy spaniel, Eskimo dog, Gordon setter,
Great Dane, Great Pyrenees, Kerry blue terrier, Labrador retriever,
Maltese, Newfoundland, Norwegian elkhound, Norwich terrier,
Pekingese, Rhodesian ridgeback, Rottweiler, Saluki, Samoyed,
Scottish deerhound, Seeing Eye dog, Siberian husky, Welsh corgi,
Welsh terrier, Yorkshire terrier, affenpinscher, aggravate, animal,
annoy, arch, baboon, badger, badger dog, bag, bait, balker,
balky horse, bandog, bar, barbet, barricade, basset, basset hound,
be at, beagle, beast, beat, bedevil, bedog, beset, billy,
billy goat, bitch, blemish, block, block up, blockade, bloodhound,
blot, boar, boarhound, bolt, borzoi, bother, bowwow, boxer,
bristle, brown off, bubbly-jock, buck, bug, bull, bull terrier,
bulldog, bullock, bullyrag, burn up, canine, chanticleer, chase,
chivy, chock, choke, choke off, chow, close, close off,
close tight, close up, clubfoot, coach dog, cock, cockerel, collie,
come after, come behind, constrict, coonhound, course, crate,
crock, crowbait, crowd, cur, dachshund, debar, deerhound, devil,
digit, discompose, distemper, disturb, drake, drive, entire,
entire horse, exasperate, exercise, extremity, eyesore, falcon,
fancy dog, fash, feist, fetlock, flat-coated retriever, flush,
follow, follow the hounds, follow up, foot, forefoot, forepaw,
fowl, fox terrier, foxhound, frank, fret, fright, gander, gargoyle,
garron, get, giant schnauzer, give chase, go after, go behind,
go hunting, goat, gobbler, golden retriever, greyhound, griffon,
gripe, guide dog, gun, gyp, hack, hag, harass, harefoot, harridan,
harrier, harry, hart, haunt, hawk, he-goat, heap, heckle, hector,
heel, hollo after, hoof, hot dog, hound, hunt, hunt down, husky,
hyena, insect, instep, irk, jack, jacklight, jade, jam, jughead,
kennel, lakeland terrier, lap dog, lock, make after, malamute,
mastiff, mess, miff, molest, mongrel, monster, monstrosity,
move behind, mutt, nag, needle, nettle, no beauty, nudzh, obstruct,
occlude, otterhound, pack, pack of dogs, pad, papillon, pastern,
patte, paw, peacock, pedal extremity, pedes, peeve, persecute, pes,
pester, pick on, pied, pig, pique, plague, pluck the beard, plug,
pointer, polecat, pooch, poodle, pother, prick, prosecute, provoke,
prowl after, pug, puli, pup, puppy, pursue, quest, quest after,
raise the hunt, ram, rat terrier, reptile, retriever, ride,
ride to hounds, rile, roarer, rogue, roil, rooster, rosinante,
ruffle, run, run after, scalawag, scarecrow, scum, search, seek,
seek out, serpent, setter, shadow, sheep dog, shikar, shithead,
shoot, show dog, shut off, shut out, shut tight, sight, skunk,
sled dog, sleuth, sleuthhound, slut, snake, sole, spaniel,
splayfoot, sport, squeeze, squeeze shut, stag, staghound, stalk,
stallion, start, steer, stiff, stifle, still-hunt, stinkard,
stop up, stot, strangle, strangulate, string along, stud,
studhorse, suffocate, swine, tag, tag after, tag along, tail,
tailgate, take out after, tease, teratism, terrier, toad, toe, tom,
tom turkey, tomcat, tootsy, top cow, top horse, torment, toy dog,
track, trail, trail after, tread close upon, trotter,
try the patience, tup, turd, turkey gobbler, turkey-cock, turnspit,
tweak the nose, tyke, ugly duckling, ungula, varmint, vermin, vex,
viper, watchdog, wether, whelp, whippet, whistler, wiener,
wienerwurst, wienie, wire-haired terrier, witch, wolfhound,
working dog, worm, worry, wreck

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frequently mentioned both in the Old and New Testaments. Dogs
were used by the Hebrews as a watch for their houses (Isa.
56:10), and for guarding their flocks (Job 30:1). There were
also then as now troops of semi-wild dogs that wandered about
devouring dead bodies and the offal of the streets (1 Kings
14:11; 16:4; 21:19, 23; 22:38; Ps. 59:6, 14).

As the dog was an unclean animal, the terms "dog," "dog's
head," "dead dog," were used as terms of reproach or of
humiliation (1 Sam. 24:14; 2 Sam. 3:8; 9:8; 16:9). Paul calls
false apostles "dogs" (Phil. 3:2). Those who are shut out of the
kingdom of heaven are also so designated (Rev. 22:15).
Persecutors are called "dogs" (Ps. 22:16). Hazael's words, "Thy
servant which is but a dog" (2 Kings 8:13), are spoken in mock
humility=impossible that one so contemptible as he should attain
to such power.

DOG. A well known domestic animal. In almost all languages this word is, a
term or name of contumely or reproach. See 3 Bulst. 226; 2 Mod. 260; 1 Leo.
148; and the title action on the case for defamation in the Digests;
Minsheu's Dictionary.
2. A dog is said at common law to have no intrinsic value, and he
cannot therefore be the subject of larceny. 4 Bl. Com. 236; 8 Serg. & Rawle,
571. But the owner has such property in him, that he may maintain trespass
for an injury to his dog; "for a man may have property in some things which
are of so base nature that no felony can be committed of them, as of a
bloodhound or mastiff." 12 H. VIII. 3; 18 H. VIII. 2; 7 Co. 18 a; Com. Dig.
Biens, F; 2 Bl. Com. 397; Bac. Ab. Trover, D; F. N. B. 86; Bro. Trespass,
pl. 407 Hob. 283; Cro. Eliz. 125; Cro. Jac. 463 2 Bl. Rep.
3. Dogs, if dangerous animals, may lawfully be killed, when their
ferocity is known to their owner, or in self-defence 13 John. R. 312; 10
John. R. 365; and when bitten by a rabid animal, a dog may be lawfully
killed by any one. 13 John. R. 312.
4. When a dog, in consequence of his vicious habits, becomes a common
nuisance, the owner may be indicted. And when he commits an injury, if the
owner had a knowledge of his mischievous propensity, he is liable to an
action on the case. Bull. N. P. 77; 2 Str. 1264; Lord Raym. 110. 1 B. & A.
620; 4 Camp. R. 198; 2 Esp. R. 482; 4 Cowen, 351; 6 S. & R. 36; Addis. R.
215; 1 Scam. 492 23 Wend 354; 17 Wend. 496; 4 Dev. & Batt. 146.
5. A man has a right to keep a dog to guard his premises, but not to
put him at the entrance of his house, because a person coming there on
lawful business may be injured by him, and this, though there may be another
entrance to the house. 4 C. & P. 297; 6 C. & P. 1. But if a dog be chained,
and a visitor so incautiously go near him that he is bitten, he has no right
of action against the owner. 3 Chit. Bl. 154, n. 7. Vide Animal; Knowledge;




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