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coral    音標拼音: [k'ɔrəl]
n. 珊瑚,珊瑚色

珊瑚,珊瑚色

coral
adj 1: of a strong pink to yellowish-pink color
n 1: a variable color averaging a deep pink
2: the hard stony skeleton of a Mediterranean coral that has a
delicate red or pink color and is used for jewelry [synonym:
{coral}, {red coral}, {precious coral}]
3: unfertilized lobster roe; reddens in cooking; used as garnish
or to color sauces
4: marine colonial polyp characterized by a calcareous skeleton;
masses in a variety of shapes often forming reefs

Coral \Cor"al\, n. [Of. coral, F, corail, L. corallum, coralium,
fr. Gr. kora`llion.]
1. (Zool.) The hard parts or skeleton of various Anthozoa,
and of a few Hydrozoa. Similar structures are also formed
by some Bryozoa.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The large stony corals forming coral reefs belong to
various genera of {Madreporaria}, and to the hydroid
genus, {Millepora}. The red coral, used in jewelry, is
the stony axis of the stem of a gorgonian ({Corallium
rubrum}) found chiefly in the Mediterranean. The {fan
corals}, {plume corals}, and {sea feathers} are species
of {Gorgoniacea}, in which the axis is horny.
Organ-pipe coral is formed by the genus {Tubipora}, an
Alcyonarian, and {black coral} is in part the axis of
species of the genus {Antipathes}. See {Anthozoa},
{Madrepora}.
[1913 Webster]

2. The ovaries of a cooked lobster; -- so called from their
color.
[1913 Webster]

3. A piece of coral, usually fitted with small bells and
other appurtenances, used by children as a plaything.
[1913 Webster]

{Brain coral}, or {Brain stone coral}. See under {Brain}.

{Chain coral}. See under {Chain}.

{Coral animal} (Zool.), one of the polyps by which corals are
formed. They are often very erroneously called {coral
insects}.

{Coral fish}. See in the Vocabulary.

{Coral reefs} (Phys. Geog.), reefs, often of great extent,
made up chiefly of fragments of corals, coral sands, and
the solid limestone resulting from their consolidation.
They are classed as {fringing reefs}, when they border the
land; {barrier reefs}, when separated from the shore by a
broad belt of water; {atolls}, when they constitute
separate islands, usually inclosing a lagoon. See {Atoll}.


{Coral root} (Bot.), a genus ({Corallorhiza}) of orchideous
plants, of a yellowish or brownish red color, parasitic on
roots of other plants, and having curious jointed or
knotted roots not unlike some kinds of coral. See Illust.
under {Coralloid}.

{Coral snake}. (Zo)
(a) A small, venomous, Brazilian snake {(Elaps
corallinus)}, coral-red, with black bands.
(b) A small, harmless, South American snake ({Tortrix
scytale}).

{Coral tree} (Bot.), a tropical, leguminous plant, of several
species, with showy, scarlet blossoms and coral-red seeds.
The best known is {Erythrina Corallodendron}.

{Coral wood}, a hard, red cabinet wood. --McElrath.
[1913 Webster]


colorful \colorful\ adj.
1. having striking color. Opposite of {colorless}.

Note: [Narrower terms: {changeable, chatoyant, iridescent,
shot}; {deep, rich}; {flaming}; {fluorescent, glowing};
{prismatic}; {psychedelic}; {red, ruddy, flushed,
empurpled}]

Syn: colourful.
[WordNet 1.5]

2. striking in variety and interest. Opposite of {colorless}
or {dull}. [Narrower terms: {brave, fine, gay, glorious};
{flamboyant, resplendent, unrestrained}; {flashy, gaudy,
jazzy, showy, snazzy, sporty}; {picturesque}]
[WordNet 1.5]

3. having color or a certain color; not black, white or grey;
as, colored crepe paper. Opposite of {colorless} and
{monochrome}.

Note: [Narrower terms: {tinted}; {touched, tinged}; {amber,
brownish-yellow, yellow-brown}; {amethyst}; {auburn,
reddish-brown}; {aureate, gilded, gilt, gold, golden};
{azure, cerulean, sky-blue, bright blue}; {bicolor,
bicolour, bicolored, bicoloured, bichrome}; {blue,
bluish, light-blue, dark-blue}; {blushful,
blush-colored, rosy}; {bottle-green}; {bronze, bronzy};
{brown, brownish, dark-brown}; {buff}; {canary,
canary-yellow}; {caramel, caramel brown}; {carnation};
{chartreuse}; {chestnut}; {dun}; {earth-colored,
earthlike}; {fuscous}; {green, greenish, light-green,
dark-green}; {jade, jade-green}; {khaki}; {lavender,
lilac}; {mauve}; {moss green, mosstone}; {motley,
multicolor, culticolour, multicolored, multicoloured,
painted, particolored, particoloured, piebald, pied,
varicolored, varicoloured}; {mousy, mouse-colored};
{ocher, ochre}; {olive-brown}; {olive-drab}; {olive};
{orange, orangish}; {peacock-blue}; {pink, pinkish};
{purple, violet, purplish}; {red, blood-red, carmine,
cerise, cherry, cherry-red, crimson, ruby, ruby-red,
scarlet}; {red, reddish}; {rose, roseate}; {rose-red};
{rust, rusty, rust-colored}; {snuff, snuff-brown,
snuff-color, snuff-colour, snuff-colored,
snuff-coloured, mummy-brown, chukker-brown}; {sorrel,
brownish-orange}; {stone, stone-gray}; {straw-color,
straw-colored, straw-coloured}; {tan}; {tangerine};
{tawny}; {ultramarine}; {umber}; {vermilion,
vermillion, cinibar, Chinese-red}; {yellow, yellowish};
{yellow-green}; {avocado}; {bay}; {beige}; {blae
bluish-black or gray-blue)}; {coral}; {creamy}; {cress
green, cresson, watercress}; {hazel}; {honey,
honey-colored}; {hued(postnominal)}; {magenta};
{maroon}; {pea-green}; {russet}; {sage, sage-green};
{sea-green}] [Also See: {chromatic}, {colored}, {dark},
{light}.]

Syn: colored, coloured, in color(predicate).
[WordNet 1.5]

1. {Class Oriented Ring Associated Language}.

2. A {deductive database} and {logic programming} system based
on {Horn-clause} rules with extensions like {SQL}'s {group-by}
and {aggregation} operators. CORAL was developed at the
University of Wisconsin-Madison. It is implemented in C and
has a {Prolog}-like {syntax}.

Many evaluation techniques are supported, including {bottom-up
fixpoint evaluation} and top-down {backtracking}. {Modules}
are separately compiled; different evaluation methods can be
used in different modules within a single program.
Disk-resident data is supported via an interface to the
{Exodus} storage manager. There is an on-line help facility.
It requires {AT&T} {C++} 2.0 (or {G++} soon) and runs on
{Decstation} and {Sun-4}.

{(ftp://ftp.cs.wisc.edu/)}.

(1993-01-29)

Coral
Heb. ramoth, meaning "heights;" i.e., "high-priced" or valuable
things, or, as some suppose, "that which grows high," like a
tree (Job 28:18; Ezek. 27:16), according to the Rabbins, red
coral, which was in use for ornaments.

The coral is a cretaceous marine product, the deposit by
minute polypous animals of calcareous matter in cells in which
the animal lives. It is of numberless shapes as it grows, but
usually is branched like a tree. Great coral reefs and coral
islands abound in the Red Sea, whence probably the Hebrews
derived their knowledge of it. It is found of different colours,
white, black, and red. The red, being esteemed the most
precious, was used, as noticed above, for ornamental purposes.

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