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shame    音標拼音: [ʃ'em]
n. U羞愧,羞恥;C可恥的人
vt. 使羞愧,恥辱

U羞愧,羞恥;C可恥的人使羞愧,恥辱

shame
n 1: a painful emotion resulting from an awareness of inadequacy
or guilt
2: a state of dishonor; "one mistake brought shame to all his
family"; "suffered the ignominy of being sent to prison"
[synonym: {shame}, {disgrace}, {ignominy}]
3: an unfortunate development; "it's a pity he couldn't do it"
[synonym: {pity}, {shame}]
v 1: bring shame or dishonor upon; "he dishonored his family by
committing a serious crime" [synonym: {dishonor}, {disgrace},
{dishonour}, {attaint}, {shame}] [ant: {honor}, {honour},
{reward}]
2: compel through a sense of shame; "She shamed him into making
amends"
3: cause to be ashamed
4: surpass or beat by a wide margin

Shame \Shame\, v. i. [AS. scamian, sceamian. See {Shame}, n.]
To be ashamed; to feel shame. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

I do shame
To think of what a noble strain you are. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]


Shame \Shame\, n. [OE. shame, schame, AS. scamu, sceamu; akin to
OS. & OHG. scama, G. scham, Icel. sk["o]mm, shkamm, Sw. &
Dan. skam, D. & G. schande, Goth. skanda shame, skaman sik to
be ashamed; perhaps from a root skam meaning to cover, and
akin to the root (kam) of G. hemd shirt, E. chemise. Cf.
{Sham}.]
1. A painful sensation excited by a consciousness of guilt or
impropriety, or of having done something which injures
reputation, or of the exposure of that which nature or
modesty prompts us to conceal.
[1913 Webster]

HIde, for shame,
Romans, your grandsires' images,
That blush at their degenerate progeny. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

Have you no modesty, no maiden shame? --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. Reproach incurred or suffered; dishonor; ignominy;
derision; contempt.
[1913 Webster]

Ye have borne the shame of the heathen. --Ezek.
xxxvi. 6.
[1913 Webster]

Honor and shame from no condition rise. --Pope.
[1913 Webster]

And every woe a tear can claim
Except an erring sister's shame. --Byron.
[1913 Webster]

3. The cause or reason of shame; that which brings reproach,
and degrades a person in the estimation of others;
disgrace.
[1913 Webster]

O C?sar, what a wounding shame is this! --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Guides who are the shame of religion. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. The parts which modesty requires to be covered; the
private parts. --Isa. xlvii. 3.
[1913 Webster]

{For shame!} you should be ashamed; shame on you!

{To put to shame}, to cause to feel shame; to humiliate; to
disgrace. "Let them be driven backward and put to shame
that wish me evil." --Ps. xl. 14.
[1913 Webster]


Shame \Shame\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Shamed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Shaming}.]
1. To make ashamed; to excite in (a person) a comsciousness
of guilt or impropriety, or of conduct derogatory to
reputation; to put to shame.
[1913 Webster]

Were there but one righteous in the world, he would
. . . shame the world, and not the world him.
--South.
[1913 Webster]

2. To cover with reproach or ignominy; to dishonor; to
disgrace.
[1913 Webster]

And with foul cowardice his carcass shame.
--Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

3. To mock at; to deride. [Obs. or R.]
[1913 Webster]

Ye have shamed the counsel of the poor. --Ps. xiv.
6.
[1913 Webster]

160 Moby Thesaurus words for "shame":
abasement, abash, abashment, abomination, apologies, atrocity,
attrition, ayenbite of inwit, bad, besmirch, bitterness, blacken,
bring down, bring into discredit, bring low, bring shame upon,
bully, burning shame, byword, byword of reproach, calamity,
calumniate, calumniation, cast reproach upon, catastrophe, chagrin,
chasten, coerce, comedown, contempt, contriteness, contrition,
coyness, debase, debasement, decency, decorousness, decorum,
defamation, defame, deflate, deflation, defrock, degradation,
degrade, delicacy, denigration, deplume, derogation, descent,
desecration, diffidence, dirty shame, disaster, disconcert,
discountenance, discredit, disesteem, disfavor, disgrace, dishonor,
disparagement, displume, disrepute, drive, dump, eclipse, elegance,
embarrass, embarrassment, error, evil, force, grief, guilt,
hangdog look, humble, humbled pride, humiliate, humiliation,
humility, ignominy, impute shame to, infamy, iniquity, knavery,
let down, letdown, low-down dirty shame, modesty, mortification,
mortify, obliquity, obloquy, odium, opprobrium, outclass, outdo,
outrage, outshine, outstrip, overshadow, peccancy, pillory, pity,
profanation, propriety, prudishness, pudency, pudicity, push,
put down, put out, put to shame, put-down, reflect discredit upon,
regret, regretfulness, regrets, regretting, remorse,
remorse of conscience, remorsefulness, repining, reproach,
reprobacy, respectability, sacrilege, scandal, scandalize,
seemliness, self-abasement, self-abnegation, self-diminishment,
self-reproach, setdown, shamefacedness, shamefastness,
shamefulness, show up, shyness, sin, smear, sorriness, sorrow,
stain, stigmatize, subdue, suppress, surpass, taint, tarnish,
terrible thing, timidity, unfrock, vilification, villainy,
violation, wistfulness, wrong

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