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list    音標拼音: [l'ɪst]
n. 目錄,名單,明細表,布條,條紋
vt. 列出,列于表上,記入名單內,裝布條

目錄,名單,明細表,布條,條紋列出,列於表上,記入名單內,裝布條

list
列表; 串列; 顯示


list
項目表


list
多表

list
串列 列表

list
n 1: a database containing an ordered array of items (names or
topics) [synonym: {list}, {listing}]
2: the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from
the vertical; "the tower had a pronounced tilt"; "the ship
developed a list to starboard"; "he walked with a heavy
inclination to the right" [synonym: {tilt}, {list},
{inclination}, {lean}, {leaning}]
v 1: give or make a list of; name individually; give the names
of; "List the states west of the Mississippi" [synonym: {list},
{name}]
2: include in a list; "Am I listed in your register?"
3: cause to lean to the side; "Erosion listed the old tree"
[synonym: {list}, {lean}]
4: tilt to one side; "The balloon heeled over"; "the wind made
the vessel heel"; "The ship listed to starboard" [synonym:
{list}, {heel}]
5: enumerate; "We must number the names of the great
mathematicians" [synonym: {number}, {list}]

List \List\, v. t.
To inclose for combat; as, to list a field.
[1913 Webster]


List \List\, v. i. [See {Listen}.]
To hearken; to attend; to listen. [Obs. except in poetry.]
[1913 Webster]

Stand close, and list to him. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]


List \List\, v. t.
To listen or hearken to.
[1913 Webster]

Then weigh what loss your honor may sustain,
If with too credent ear you list his songs. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]


List \List\, v. i. [OE. listen, lusten, AS. lystan, from lust
pleasure. See {Lust}.]
1. To desire or choose; to please.
[1913 Webster]

The wind bloweth where it listeth. --John iii. 8.
[1913 Webster]

Them that add to the Word of God what them listeth.
--Hooker.
[1913 Webster]

Let other men think of your devices as they list.
--Whitgift.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Naut.) To lean; to incline; as, the ship lists to port.
[1913 Webster]


List \List\ (l[i^]st), n. [F. lice, LL. liciae, pl., from L.
licium thread, girdle.]
A line inclosing or forming the extremity of a piece of
ground, or field of combat; hence, in the plural (lists), the
ground or field inclosed for a race or combat. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

In measured lists to toss the weighty lance. --Pope.
[1913 Webster]

{To enter the lists}, to accept a challenge, or engage in
contest.
[1913 Webster]


List \List\ (l[i^]st), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Listed}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Listing}.] [From list a roll.]
1. To sew together, as strips of cloth, so as to make a show
of colors, or form a border. --Sir H. Wotton.
[1913 Webster]

2. To cover with list, or with strips of cloth; to put list
on; as, to list a door; to stripe as if with list.
[1913 Webster]

The tree that stood white-listed through the gloom.
--Tennyson.
[1913 Webster]

3. To enroll; to place or register in a list.
[1913 Webster]

Listed among the upper serving men. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

4. To engage, as a soldier; to enlist.
[1913 Webster]

I will list you for my soldier. --Sir W.
Scott.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Carp.) To cut away a narrow strip, as of sapwood, from
the edge of; as, to list a board.
[1913 Webster]

{To list a stock} (Stock Exchange), to put it in the list of
stocks called at the meeting of the board.
[1913 Webster]


List \List\, n.
1. Inclination; desire. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Naut.) An inclination to one side; as, the ship has a
list to starboard.
[1913 Webster]


List \List\, n. [AS. l[imac]st a list of cloth; akin to D.
lijst, G. leiste, OHG. l[imac]sta, Icel. lista, listi, Sw.
list, Dan. liste. In sense 5 from F. liste, of German origin,
and thus ultimately the same word.]
1. A strip forming the woven border or selvedge of cloth,
particularly of broadcloth, and serving to strengthen it;
hence, a strip of cloth; a fillet. "Gartered with a red
and blue list." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. A limit or boundary; a border.
[1913 Webster]

The very list, the very utmost bound,
Of all our fortunes. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. The lobe of the ear; the ear itself. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

4. A stripe. [Obs.] --Sir T. Browne.
[1913 Webster]

5. A roll or catalogue, that is, row or line; a record of
names; as, a list of names, books, articles; a list of
ratable estate.
[1913 Webster]

He was the ablest emperor of all the list. --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Arch.) A little square molding; a fillet; -- called also
{listel}.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Carp.) A narrow strip of wood, esp. sapwood, cut from the
edge of a plank or board.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Rope Making) A piece of woolen cloth with which the yarns
are grasped by a workman.
[1913 Webster]

9. (Tin-plate Manuf.)
(a) The first thin coat of tin.
(b) A wirelike rim of tin left on an edge of the plate
after it is coated.
[1913 Webster]

{Civil list} (Great Britain & U.S.), the civil officers of
government, as judges, ambassadors, secretaries, etc.
Hence, the revenues or appropriations of public money for
the support of the civil officers. More recently, the
civil list, in England, embraces only the expenses of the
reigning monarch's household.

{Free list}.
(a) A list of articles admitted to a country free of duty.
(b) A list of persons admitted to any entertainment, as a
theater or opera, without payment, or to whom a
periodical, or the like, is furnished without cost.

Syn: Roll; catalogue; register; inventory; schedule.

Usage: {List}, {Roll}, {Catalogue}, {Register}, {Inventory},
{Schedule}. A list is properly a simple series of
names, etc., in a brief form, such as might naturally
be entered in a narrow strip of paper. A roll was
originally a list containing the names of persons
belonging to a public body (as Parliament, etc.),
which was rolled up and laid aside among its archives.
A catalogue is a list of persons or things arranged in
order, and usually containing some description of the
same, more or less extended. A register is designed
for record or preservation. An inventory is a list of
articles, found on hand in a store of goods, or in the
estate of a deceased person, or under similar
circumstances. A schedule is a formal list or
inventory prepared for legal or business purposes.
[1913 Webster]


List \List\, v. i.
To engage in public service by enrolling one's name; to
enlist.
[1913 Webster]


List \List\ (l[i^]st), v. t.
1. To plow and plant with a lister.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. In cotton culture, to prepare, as land, for the crop by
making alternating beds and alleys with the hoe. [Southern
U. S.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

376 Moby Thesaurus words for "list":
Mystik tape, Scotch tape, account, adhesive tape, adjoin,
alphabetize, analyze, angularity, annals, arena, arrange, ascend,
assort, backset, band, bandage, bank, bar, batten, beading,
beadroll, befringe, belt, bibliography, bind, binding, board, book,
border, bordering, bordure, bound, break down, brim, brink, brow,
calendar, call up, cant, capsize, careen, carve, catalog,
catalogue, catalogue raisonne, categorize, cellophane tape, census,
chalk, chalk up, check in, checklist, chronicle, cincture, class,
classify, climb, close, cloth tape, coast, codify, come a cropper,
commandeer, composition, confine, conscript, constituents,
container, content, contents, coop, correspondence, court,
courtyard, crack, craze, cultivate, culture, curtilage, cut,
decline, delimited field, delve, descend, detach,
detach for service, dig, digest, dip, directory, divide, divisions,
docket, documentation, draft, dress, drop, edge, edging, elements,
enclave, enclosure, enframe, engrave, enlist, enroll, enscroll,
enter, enumerate, fall, fall away, fall down, fall flat,
fall headlong, fall off, fall over, fall prostrate, fallow, fascia,
featheredge, fertilize, field, file, fill out, fillet, fimbria,
fimbriation, flange, flounce, flounder, fold, force, frame,
friction tape, frill, frilling, fringe, furbelow, galloon,
get a cropper, girdle, go downhill, go uphill, grade, grave,
ground, group, guts, handlist, harrow, heel, hem, history, hoe,
impanel, impress, incise, inclination, incline, index, induct,
ingredients, innards, inscribe, insert, insides, inventory,
itemize, items, join, jot down, keel, keep score, labellum, labium,
labrum, lap, lath, lay down, lean, lean over, leaning,
leaning tower, ledge, letters, levy, lie along, ligula, ligule,
limb, limbus, line, lip, listing, log, lurch, make a memorandum,
make a note, make an entry, make out, march, marge, margin,
marginate, mark down, masking tape, matriculate, memorial, minute,
mobilize, motif, mulch, muster, muster in, note, note down,
numerate, order, pale, paling, park, part, particularize, parts,
pen, pigeonhole, pipe roll, pitch, place, place upon record, plank,
plastic tape, plow, poll, post, post up, press, program, prune,
purfle, purl, put down, put in writing, put on paper, put on tape,
quad, quadrangle, ragged edge, raise, rake, range, rank, rate,
recline, record, recording, recruit, reduce to writing, register,
registry, relic, remains, retreat, ribband, ribbon, rim, rise,
roll, roll call, rolls, roster, rota, ruffle, schedule, score,
scroll, selvage, set down, set off, shelve, shore, shred, side,
sideline, sidle, sign on, sign up, skirt, skirting, slant, slat,
slate, slip, slope, sort, spade, specialize, specify, spill,
spline, sprawl, spread-eagle, square, stagger, strake, strap,
streak, streaking, stria, striation, striature, striga, striola,
strip, stripe, striping, strop, stumble, subdivide, summon, swag,
sway, table, tabulate, tabulation, taenia, take a fall,
take a flop, take a header, take a pratfall, take a spill,
take down, tally, tape, tape measure, tape-record, tapeline,
theater, thin, thin out, tick off, ticker tape, till,
till the soil, tilt, tip, toft, token, topple, topple down,
topple over, totter, tower of Pisa, trace, trim, trimming, trip,
tumble, turn turtle, type, uprise, valance, verge, vestige,
videotape, weed, weed out, welt, whole, work, write, write down,
write in, write out, write up, yard

A data structure holding many values, possibly of
different types, which is usually accessed sequentially,
working from the head to the end of the tail - an "ordered
list". This contrasts with a (one-dimensional) {array}, any
element of which can be accessed equally quickly.

Lists are often stored using a cell and pointer arrangement
where each value is stored in a cell along with an associated
pointer to the next cell. A special pointer, e.g. zero, marks
the end of the list. This is known as a (singly) "linked
list". A doubly linked list has pointers from each cell to
both next and previous cells.

An unordered list is a {set}.

(1998-11-12)



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