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flower    音標拼音: [fl'ɑʊɚ]
n. 花,精華,盛時
vi. 開花,旺盛,成熟
vt. 使開花


n 1: a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms
2: reproductive organ of angiosperm plants especially one having
showy or colorful parts [synonym: {flower}, {bloom}, {blossom}]
3: the period of greatest prosperity or productivity [synonym:
{flower}, {prime}, {peak}, {heyday}, {bloom}, {blossom},
{efflorescence}, {flush}]
v 1: produce or yield flowers; "The cherry tree bloomed" [synonym:
{bloom}, {blossom}, {flower}]

Flower \Flow"er\ (flou"[~e]r), n. [OE. flour, OF. flour, flur,
flor, F. fleur, fr. L. flos, floris. Cf. {Blossom},
{Effloresce}, {Floret}, {Florid}, {Florin}, {Flour},
1. In the popular sense, the bloom or blossom of a plant; the
showy portion, usually of a different color, shape, and
texture from the foliage.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Bot.) That part of a plant destined to produce seed, and
hence including one or both of the sexual organs; an organ
or combination of the organs of reproduction, whether
inclosed by a circle of foliar parts or not. A complete
flower consists of two essential parts, the stamens and
the pistil, and two floral envelopes, the corolla and
callyx. In mosses the flowers consist of a few special
leaves surrounding or subtending organs called archegonia.
See {Blossom}, and {Corolla}.
[1913 Webster]

Note: If we examine a common flower, such for instance as a
geranium, we shall find that it consists of: First, an
outer envelope or calyx, sometimes tubular, sometimes
consisting of separate leaves called sepals; secondly,
an inner envelope or corolla, which is generally more
or less colored, and which, like the calyx, is
sometimes tubular, sometimes composed of separate
leaves called petals; thirdly, one or more stamens,
consisting of a stalk or filament and a head or anther,
in which the pollen is produced; and fourthly, a
pistil, which is situated in the center of the flower,
and consists generally of three principal parts; one or
more compartments at the base, each containing one or
more seeds; the stalk or style; and the stigma, which
in many familiar instances forms a small head, at the
top of the style or ovary, and to which the pollen must
find its way in order to fertilize the flower. --Sir J.
[1913 Webster]

3. The fairest, freshest, and choicest part of anything; as,
the flower of an army, or of a family; the state or time
of freshness and bloom; as, the flower of life, that is,
[1913 Webster]

The choice and flower of all things profitable the
Psalms do more briefly contain. --Hooker.
[1913 Webster]

The flower of the chivalry of all Spain. --Southey.
[1913 Webster]

A simple maiden in her flower
Is worth a hundred coats of arms. --Tennyson.
[1913 Webster]

4. Grain pulverized; meal; flour. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

The flowers of grains, mixed with water, will make a
sort of glue. --Arbuthnot.
[1913 Webster]

5. pl. (Old Chem.) A substance in the form of a powder,
especially when condensed from sublimation; as, the
flowers of sulphur.
[1913 Webster]

6. A figure of speech; an ornament of style.
[1913 Webster]

7. pl. (Print.) Ornamental type used chiefly for borders
around pages, cards, etc. --W. Savage.
[1913 Webster]

8. pl. Menstrual discharges. --Lev. xv. 24.
[1913 Webster]

{Animal flower} (Zool.) See under {Animal}.

{Cut flowers}, flowers cut from the stalk, as for making a

{Flower bed}, a plat in a garden for the cultivation of

{Flower beetle} (Zool.), any beetle which feeds upon flowers,
esp. any one of numerous small species of the genus
{Meligethes}, family {Nitidulid[ae]}, some of which are
injurious to crops.

{Flower bird} (Zool.), an Australian bird of the genus
{Anthornis}, allied to the honey eaters.

{Flower bud}, an unopened flower.

{Flower clock}, an assemblage of flowers which open and close
at different hours of the day, thus indicating the time.

{Flower head} (Bot.), a compound flower in which all the
florets are sessile on their receptacle, as in the case of
the daisy.

{Flower pecker} (Zool.), one of a family ({Dic[ae]id[ae]}) of
small Indian and Australian birds. They resemble humming
birds in habits.

{Flower piece}.
(a) A table ornament made of cut flowers.
(b) (Fine Arts) A picture of flowers.

{Flower stalk} (Bot.), the peduncle of a plant, or the stem
that supports the flower or fructification.
[1913 Webster]

Flower \Flow"er\ (flou"[~e]r), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Flowered}
(flou"[~e]rd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Flowering}.] [From the noun.
Cf. {Flourish}.]
1. To blossom; to bloom; to expand the petals, as a plant; to
produce flowers; as, this plant flowers in June.
[1913 Webster]

2. To come into the finest or fairest condition.
[1913 Webster]

Their lusty and flowering age. --Robynson
[1913 Webster]

When flowered my youthful spring. --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

3. To froth; to ferment gently, as new beer.
[1913 Webster]

That beer did flower a little. --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

4. To come off as flowers by sublimation. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Observations which have flowered off. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

Flower \Flow"er\, v. t.
To embellish with flowers; to adorn with imitated flowers;
as, flowered silk.
[1913 Webster]

296 Moby Thesaurus words for "flower":
Chinese lantern, Christmas rose, Eglantine, acacia, advance,
androecium, anther, arrowhead, asiaticism, aster, attain majority,
axiom, azalea, batten, bead, bear fruit, bejewel, beribbon,
bespangle, best, bleeding heart, bloom, blossom, blow, bluebell,
boom, broom, bud, budding, burgeon, burgeoning, buttercup, cactus,
calendula, calyx, camellia, carnation, carpel, center, champion,
choice, chosen, chrysanthemum, cineraria, clematis, clethra,
cockscomb, columbine, come of age, come out, come to maturity,
core, cornel, cornflower, corolla, corolla tube, corona, cosmos,
cowslip, cream, crocus, cyclamen, daffodil, dahlia, daisy,
dandelion, delphinium, develop, device, diamond, dogwood, duckweed,
edelweiss, effloresce, efflorescence, elect, elite, elixir,
engrave, epicalyx, essence, essential, euphuism, evolute, evolve,
fat, fatten, feather, figurative language, figurativeness, figure,
figure of speech, filigree, finest, flag, flax, fledge,
fleur-de-lis, floret, floriculture, floridity, floscule, flounce,
flourish, floweret, flowery style, focus, forget-me-not, forsythia,
foxglove, foxtail, fuchsia, fundamental, gardenia, gardening,
garland, gem, gentility, gentry, geranium, germination, gist,
gravamen, groundsel, grow, grow fat, grow up, growth, gynoecium,
hawthorn, heart, heather, hibiscus, honeysuckle, horehound,
horticulture, hortorium, hyacinth, hydrangea, hypostasis,
illuminate, image, imagery, impatience, indigo, inner essence,
iris, jasmine, jewel, jonquil, kernel, lavender, leave the nest,
lilac, lily, lobelia, lotus, lupine, luxuriation, magnolia, mallow,
manner of speaking, marigold, marrow, marsh marigold, marshmallow,
maturate, mature, mayflower, meat, megasporophyll, mellow,
microsporophyll, mignonette, moccasin flower, mock orange,
monkshood, motherwort, myrtle, narcissus, nonesuch, nonliterality,
nonliteralness, nonpareil, nub, nucleus, nuts and bolts, oleander,
open, optimum, orchid, ornament, oxalis, paint, pansy, paragon,
peony, perianth, periwinkle, petal, phlox, pick, pink, pistil,
pith, plume, poppy, postulate, posy, pride, prime, primrose,
principle, prize, progress, pullulation, purple passage, quality,
queen, quid, quiddity, quintessence, ranunculus, reach manhood,
reach twenty-one, reach voting age, receptacle, resurrection plant,
rhododendron, ribbon, ripen, rose, sap, season, select,
settle down, shoot, shooting star, snapdragon, snowball, snowberry,
snowdrop, society, soul, spangle, spiraea, spirit, spray,
sprouting, stamen, stigma, stock, strawflower, stuff, style,
substance, sunflower, superlative, sweet William, sweet alyssum,
sweet pea, temper, the best, the best ever, the nitty-gritty,
the tops, the very best, thrive, tinsel, toga virilis, top, torus,
trillium, trope, tulip, turn of expression, umbrella plant, unfold,
upper class, upper crust, vegetation, verbena, vetch, viola,
violet, wallflower, water lily, wax, way of speaking, wildflower,
wisteria, wolfbane, wreathe, yarrow, yucca, zinnia

Blume (f)

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