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severe    音標拼音: [səv'ɪr]
a. 嚴格的,兇猛的,嚴肅的,嚴重的,嚴厲的,樸素的

嚴格的,兇猛的,嚴肅的,嚴重的,嚴厲的,樸素的

severe
嚴苛 嚴重

severe
adj 1: intensely or extremely bad or unpleasant in degree or
quality; "severe pain"; "a severe case of flu"; "a
terrible cough"; "under wicked fire from the enemy's
guns"; "a wicked cough" [synonym: {severe}, {terrible},
{wicked}]
2: very strong or vigorous; "strong winds"; "a hard left to the
chin"; "a knockout punch"; "a severe blow" [synonym: {hard},
{knockout}, {severe}]
3: severely simple; "a stark interior" [synonym: {austere},
{severe}, {stark}, {stern}]
4: unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment; "a
parent severe to the pitch of hostility"- H.G.Wells; "a hefty
six-footer with a rather severe mien"; "a strict
disciplinarian"; "a Spartan upbringing" [synonym: {severe},
{spartan}]
5: causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm; "a
dangerous operation"; "a grave situation"; "a grave illness";
"grievous bodily harm"; "a serious wound"; "a serious turn of
events"; "a severe case of pneumonia"; "a life-threatening
disease" [synonym: {dangerous}, {grave}, {grievous}, {serious},
{severe}, {life-threatening}]
6: very bad in degree or extent; "a severe worldwide
depression"; "the house suffered severe damage"

Severe \Se*vere"\, a. [Compar. {Severer}; superl. {Severest}.]
[L. severus; perhaps akin to Gr. ??? awe, ??? revered, holy,
solemn, Goth. swikns innocent, chaste: cf. F. s['e]v[`e]re.
Cf. {Asseverate}, {Persevere}.]
1. Serious in feeling or manner; sedate; grave; austere; not
light, lively, or cheerful.
[1913 Webster]

Your looks alter, as your subject does,
From kind to fierce, from wanton to severe.
--Waller.
[1913 Webster]

2. Very strict in judgment, discipline, or government; harsh;
not mild or indulgent; rigorous; as, severe criticism;
severe punishment. "Custody severe." --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

Come! you are too severe a moraler. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Let your zeal, if it must be expressed in anger, be
always more severe against thyself than against
others. --Jer. Taylor.
[1913 Webster]

3. Rigidly methodical, or adherent to rule or principle;
exactly conformed to a standard; not allowing or employing
unneccessary ornament, amplification, etc.; strict; --
said of style, argument, etc. "Restrained by reason and
severe principles." --Jer. Taylor.
[1913 Webster]

The Latin, a most severe and compendious language.
--Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

4. Sharp; afflictive; distressing; violent; extreme; as,
severe pain, anguish, fortune; severe cold.
[1913 Webster]

5. Difficult to be endured; exact; critical; rigorous; as, a
severe test.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Strict; grave; austere; stern; morose; rigid; exact;
rigorous; hard; rough; harsh; censorious; tart;
acrimonious; sarcastic; satirical; cutting; biting;
keen; bitter; cruel. See {Strict}.
[1913 Webster] -- {Se*vere"ly}, adv. -- {Se*vere"ness},
n.
[1913 Webster]

384 Moby Thesaurus words for "severe":
Draconian, Herculean, Siberian, Spartan, Spartanic, abrupt,
absolute, absolutist, absolutistic, abstruse, acerbic, acid,
acidulous, acrid, acrimonious, acute, afflictive, aggressive,
agonizing, algid, aloof, arbitrary, arctic, arduous, aristocratic,
arrogant, ascetic, asperous, astringent, atrocious, austere,
authoritarian, authoritative, autocratic, awful, badly, bald, bare,
basic, bearish, beastly, below zero, biting, bitter, bitterly cold,
bleak, blistering, bluff, blunt, blustering, blustery, boreal,
bossy, brash, brisk, brumal, brusque, brutal, burdensome, candid,
caustic, cavalier, chaste, churlish, close, cold, cold as charity,
cold as death, cold as ice, cold as marble, common, commonplace,
complex, constant, cramping, crimpy, crisp, critical, crude, cruel,
crusty, curt, cutting, dangerous, delicate, demanding, despotic,
dictatorial, difficile, difficult, dire, direct, disagreeable,
disciplined, distressing, domineering, double-edged, dour, drastic,
dreadful, dry, dull, edged, effortful, elementary, escharotic,
essential, even, exact, exacting, excessive, excruciating, exigent,
exorbitant, express, extravagant, extreme, faithful, fastidious,
fatal, feudal, fierce, fine, flinty, forbidding, formidable, frank,
freezing, freezing cold, frigid, fundamental, furious, gelid,
glacial, glowering, gnawing, grave, gravely, great, grievous, grim,
grinding, griping, gruff, hairy, hard, hard-earned, hard-fought,
hardly, harrowing, harsh, harshly, heavy, heavy-handed, hibernal,
hiemal, high-handed, homely, homespun, homogeneous, hostile,
hurtful, hurting, hyperborean, ice-cold, ice-encrusted, icelike,
icy, immoderate, imperative, imperial, imperious, incisive,
inclement, indivisible, inerrable, inerrant, inexorable,
infallible, inflexible, inhospitable, inhuman, inornate,
intemperate, intense, intensely, intricate, iron-willed,
irreducible, irritating, jawbreaking, keen, knotted, knotty,
laborious, lean, lordly, magisterial, magistral, markedly,
masterful, mathematical, matter-of-fact, mean, merciless, mere,
meticulous, micrometrically precise, microscopic, modest, monastic,
monocratic, monolithic, mordacious, mordant, mortal, mortified,
natural, neat, nice, nipping, nippy, no picnic, nose-tickling,
not easy, numbing, obdurate, of a piece, onerous, open, operose,
oppressive, outrageous, overbearing, overruling, painful,
painfully, painstaking, paroxysmal, penetrating, peremptory,
piercing, pinching, pinpoint, piquant, pitiless, plain,
plain-speaking, plain-spoken, poignant, precise, primal, primary,
primitive, prosaic, prosing, prosy, pungent, punishing, punitive,
pure, pure and simple, racking, raw, refined, relentless,
religious, religiously exact, repressive, restrictive, rigid,
rigorous, rigorously, rough, roughly, rugged, rustic, ruthless,
savage, scathing, scientific, scientifically exact,
self-disciplined, serious, set with thorns, severe, severely,
sharp, shooting, short, simon-pure, simple, simple-speaking,
single, sleety, slushy, smart, snappy, snippy, sober, sore, sour,
spare, sparse, spasmatic, spasmic, spasmodic, spiny, splitting,
square, stabbing, stark, steep, stern, stiff, stinging, stone-cold,
stony, stormy, straightforward, strait-laced, strenuous, strict,
strident, stringent, subtle, subzero, supercooled, suppressive,
surly, tart, taxing, terminal, thorny, ticklish, toilsome,
tormenting, torturous, tough, trenchant, tricky, truculent,
turbulent, tyrannical, tyrannous, unadorned, unaffected, unbending,
uncluttered, uncompromising, unconscionable, undecorated,
undeviating, undifferenced, undifferentiated, unelaborate,
unembellished, unerring, unfancy, unfeeling, unfussy, ungentle,
uniform, unimaginative, unornate, unpleasant, unpoetical,
unsmiling, unsparing, unsympathetic, unvarnished, unyielding,
uphill, vehement, venomous, violent, virulent, vitriolic, weighty,
wicked, winterbound, winterlike, wintery, wintry

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