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sharp    音標拼音: [ʃ'ɑrp]
ad. 正,準


銳 清晰

adv 1: changing suddenly in direction and degree; "the road
twists sharply after the light"; "turn sharp left here";
"the visor was acutely peaked"; "her shoes had acutely
pointed toes" [synonym: {sharply}, {sharp}, {acutely}]
adj 1: (of something seen or heard) clearly defined; "a sharp
photographic image"; "the sharp crack of a twig"; "the
crisp snap of dry leaves underfoot" [synonym: {crisp},
2: ending in a sharp point [synonym: {acuate}, {acute}, {sharp},
3: having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine
distinctions; "an acute observer of politics and
politicians"; "incisive comments"; "icy knifelike reasoning";
"as sharp and incisive as the stroke of a fang"; "penetrating
insight"; "frequent penetrative observations" [synonym: {acute},
{discriminating}, {incisive}, {keen}, {knifelike},
{penetrating}, {penetrative}, {piercing}, {sharp}]
4: marked by practical hardheaded intelligence; "a smart
businessman"; "an astute tenant always reads the small print
in a lease"; "he was too shrewd to go along with them on a
road that could lead only to their overthrow" [synonym: {astute},
{sharp}, {shrewd}]
5: harsh; "sharp criticism"; "a sharp-worded exchange"; "a tart
remark" [synonym: {sharp}, {sharp-worded}, {tart}]
6: having or emitting a high-pitched and sharp tone or tones ;
"a shrill whistle"; "a shrill gaiety" [synonym: {shrill},
7: extremely steep; "an abrupt canyon"; "the precipitous rapids
of the upper river"; "the precipitous hills of Chinese
paintings"; "a sharp drop" [synonym: {abrupt}, {precipitous},
8: keenly and painfully felt; as if caused by a sharp edge or
point; "a sharp pain"; "sharp winds" [ant: {dull}]
9: having or made by a thin edge or sharp point; suitable for
cutting or piercing; "a sharp knife"; "a pencil with a sharp
point" [ant: {dull}]
10: (of a musical note) raised in pitch by one chromatic
semitone; "C sharp" [ant: {flat}, {natural}]
11: very sudden and in great amount or degree; "a sharp drop in
the stock market"
12: quick and forceful; "a sharp blow"
n 1: a musical notation indicating one half step higher than the
note named
2: a long thin sewing needle with a sharp point

Sharp \Sharp\, a. [Compar. {Sharper}; superl. {Sharpest}.] [OE.
sharp, scharp, scarp, AS. scearp; akin to OS. skarp, LG.
scharp, D. scherp, G. scharf, Dan. & Sw. skarp, Icel. skarpr.
Cf. {Escarp}, {Scrape}, {Scorpion}.]
1. Having a very thin edge or fine point; of a nature to cut
or pierce easily; not blunt or dull; keen.
[1913 Webster]

He dies upon my scimeter's sharp point. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. Terminating in a point or edge; not obtuse or rounded;
somewhat pointed or edged; peaked or ridged; as, a sharp
hill; sharp features.
[1913 Webster]

3. Affecting the sense as if pointed or cutting, keen,
penetrating, acute: to the taste or smell, pungent, acid,
sour, as ammonia has a sharp taste and odor; to the
hearing, piercing, shrill, as a sharp sound or voice; to
the eye, instantaneously brilliant, dazzling, as a sharp
[1913 Webster]

4. (Mus.)
(a) High in pitch; acute; as, a sharp note or tone.
(b) Raised a semitone in pitch; as, C sharp (C[sharp]),
which is a half step, or semitone, higher than C.
(c) So high as to be out of tune, or above true pitch; as,
the tone is sharp; that instrument is sharp. Opposed
in all these senses to {flat}.
[1913 Webster]

5. Very trying to the feelings; piercing; keen; severe;
painful; distressing; as, sharp pain, weather; a sharp and
frosty air.
[1913 Webster]

Sharp misery had worn him to the bones. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

The morning sharp and clear. --Cowper.
[1913 Webster]

In sharpest perils faithful proved. --Keble.
[1913 Webster]

6. Cutting in language or import; biting; sarcastic; cruel;
harsh; rigorous; severe; as, a sharp rebuke. "That sharp
look." --Tennyson.
[1913 Webster]

To that place the sharp Athenian law
Can not pursue us. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Be thy words severe,
Sharp as merits but the sword forbear. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

7. Of keen perception; quick to discern or distinguish;
having nice discrimination; acute; penetrating; sagacious;
clever; as, a sharp eye; sharp sight, hearing, or
[1913 Webster]

Nothing makes men sharper . . . than want.
[1913 Webster]

Many other things belong to the material world,
wherein the sharpest philosophers have never ye?
arrived at clear and distinct ideas. --L. Watts.
[1913 Webster]

8. Eager in pursuit; keen in quest; impatient for
gratification; keen; as, a sharp appetite.
[1913 Webster]

9. Fierce; ardent; fiery; violent; impetuous. "In sharp
contest of battle." --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

A sharp assault already is begun. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

10. Keenly or unduly attentive to one's own interest; close
and exact in dealing; shrewd; as, a sharp dealer; a sharp
[1913 Webster]

The necessity of being so sharp and exacting.
[1913 Webster]

11. Composed of hard, angular grains; gritty; as, sharp sand.
[1913 Webster]

12. Steep; precipitous; abrupt; as, a sharp ascent or
descent; a sharp turn or curve.
[1913 Webster]

13. (Phonetics) Uttered in a whisper, or with the breath
alone, without voice, as certain consonants, such as p,
k, t, f; surd; nonvocal; aspirated.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Sharp is often used in the formation of self-explaining
compounds; as, sharp-cornered, sharp-edged,
sharp-pointed, sharp-tasted, sharp-visaged, etc.
[1913 Webster]

{Sharp practice}, the getting of an advantage, or the attempt
to do so, by a tricky expedient.

{To brace sharp}, or {To sharp up} (Naut.), to turn the yards
to the most oblique position possible, that the ship may
lie well up to the wind.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Keen; acute; piercing; penetrating; quick; sagacious;
discerning; shrewd; witty; ingenious; sour; acid; tart;
pungent; acrid; severe; poignant; biting; acrimonious;
sarcastic; cutting; bitter; painful; afflictive;
violent; harsh; fierce; ardent; fiery.
[1913 Webster]

Sharp \Sharp\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sharped}; p. pr. & vb. n.
1. To sharpen. [Obs.] --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Mus.) To raise above the proper pitch; to elevate the
tone of; especially, to raise a half step, or semitone,
above the natural tone.
[1913 Webster]

Sharp \Sharp\, v. i.
1. To play tricks in bargaining; to act the sharper.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Mus.) To sing above the proper pitch.
[1913 Webster]

Sharp \Sharp\, adv.
1. To a point or edge; piercingly; eagerly; sharply. --M.
[1913 Webster]

The head [of a spear] full sharp yground. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

You bite so sharp at reasons. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. Precisely; exactly; as, we shall start at ten o'clock
sharp. [Colloq.]
[1913 Webster]

{Look sharp}, attend; be alert. [Colloq.]
[1913 Webster]

Sharp \Sharp\, n.
1. A sharp tool or weapon. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

If butchers had but the manners to go to sharps,
gentlemen would be contented with a rubber at cuffs.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Mus.)
(a) The character [[sharp]] used to indicate that the note
before which it is placed is to be raised a half step,
or semitone, in pitch.
(b) A sharp tone or note. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. A portion of a stream where the water runs very rapidly.
[Prov. Eng.] --C. Kingsley.
[1913 Webster]

4. A sewing needle having a very slender point; a needle of
the most pointed of the three grades, blunts, betweens,
and sharps.
[1913 Webster]

5. pl. Same as {Middlings}, 1.
[1913 Webster]

6. An expert. [Slang]
[1913 Webster]

672 Moby Thesaurus words for "sharp":
Admirable Crichton, Attic, Machiavellian, Machiavellic, Siberian,
V-shaped, Y-shaped, abrupt, abruptly, absonant, absorbing,
accidental, accurately, acerb, acerbate, acerbic, acicular, acid,
acidic, acidulent, acidulous, acrid, acrimonious, acuminate, acute,
adept, adroit, adventurer, affecting, afflictive, aggressive,
agile, agonizing, akimbo, alacritous, alert, alertly, algid, alive,
amaroidal, angular, apt, arch, arctic, argute, artful, artisan,
artist, asperous, astringent, astute, at the gun, atonal,
atrocious, attache, attentive, attentively, austere, authority,
awake, bang, bearish, beastly, below zero, bent, betting ring,
bettor, biting, bitter, bitter as gall, bitterly cold, bleak,
bluff, blunt, bold, boneshaker, boreal, brainy, brash, braw,
breakneck, breve, bright, brilliant, brisk, brumal, brusque,
bunco artist, bunco steerer, cacophonous, cagey, calculating,
canny, cardshark, cardsharp, cardsharper, carefully, carpetbagger,
caustic, cavalier, cheerless, chic, chiseling, churlish, classy,
clever, clothes-conscious, coarse, cold, cold as charity,
cold as death, cold as ice, cold as marble, collusive, comfortless,
compulsive gambler, con artist, con man, confidence man,
connaisseur, connoisseur, consultant, cordon bleu, cornered,
corroding, corrosive, cosmopolitan, covinous, crack shot, cracked,
craftsman, crafty, cramping, crap shooter, creaky, crimp, crisp,
crooked, crotched, crotchet, cruel, crusty, cunning, curt,
cuspidate, cute, cutting, dapper, dash, dashing, dead shot,
deceitful, deep, deep-felt, deep-laid, deepgoing, demisemiquaver,
deplorable, depressing, depressive, designing, dexterous,
diaphonic, diplomat, diplomatic, diplomatist, discomforting,
disconsonant, discordant, disharmonic, disharmonious, dishonest,
dismal, dismaying, dispatchful, dissonant, distressful,
distressing, dolorific, dolorogenic, dolorous, dominant,
dominant note, double whole note, double-edged, drastic, dreary,
dressed to advantage, dressed to kill, dressy, drilling, droll,
ear-piercing, ear-splitting, edge, edged, eighth note,
elder statesman, elegant, enharmonic, enharmonic note, escharotic,
exactly, excessive, excruciating, exorbitant, expeditious,
experienced hand, expert, expert consultant, exquisite,
extravagant, extreme, facetious, false, falsehearted, fashionable,
fast, featheredged, feline, fierce, finagling, fine, flat, fly,
forked, foxy, fraudulent, freezing, freezing cold, frigid, funny,
furcal, furcate, furious, furtive, gambler, gamester, gelid,
geniculate, geniculated, genteel, gifted, glacial, gnawing,
graduate, grating, grave, great, grievous, griping, gruff,
guileful, half note, handy man, hard, harrowing, harsh, hastily,
hazarder, headlong, heartfelt, hemidemisemiquaver, hep, hibernal,
hiemal, high, high-pitched, homefelt, hone, hooked, horse coper,
horse trader, hot, howling, humorous, humorsome, hurtful, hurting,
hyperborean, ice-cold, ice-encrusted, icelike, icy, immelodious,
immoderate, impetuously, impulsively, incisive, inclement,
inconsiderate, indelible, indirect, ingenious, inharmonic,
inharmonious, insidious, intelligent, intemperate, intense,
inventive, irritating, jackleg, jagged, jaunty, jesting, jocose,
jocular, joking, joky, joshing, journeyman, joyless, keen,
keen-edged, keen-witted, keening, knee-shaped, knifelike, knowing,
lamentable, land pirate, land shark, land-grabber, like a flash,
like a thunderbolt, loud, malicious, malignant, marked, marksman,
minim, mordacious, mordant, mortgage shark, mournful, moving,
musical note, musicless, nasty, natty, natural, neat, needle-sharp,
nifty, nimble, nimble-witted, nipping, nippy, no dumbbell,
no slouch, nobby, nonmelodious, nose-piercing, nose-tickling,
not born yesterday, note, numbing, observant, odorous, of a sudden,
off, off-key, off-tone, on short notice, on the, on the alert,
on the ball, on the button, on the dot, on the instant, on the job,
on the minute, on the nose, on time, original, out of pitch,
out of tone, out of tune, outrageous, painful, paralyzing,
paroxysmal, patent note, pathetic, pawky, peaked, peaky,
penetrating, perceptive, pervading, pettifogger, petty gambler,
piercing, piker, pinching, piping, piquant, pitchman, piteous,
pitiable, player, plop, plump, plunger, plunging, plunk, poignant,
pointed, poisonous, politic, politician, pop, posh, precipitantly,
precipitately, precipitous, precipitously, precisely, pro,
professional, professor, proficient, profound, prompt, punctually,
pungent, punter, quarter note, quaver, qui vive, quick,
quick-thinking, quick-witted, racking, rapid, rapier-like, raucous,
raw, razor-edged, ready, recherche, reedy, reeking, regrettable,
report, resourceful, responding note, right, rigorous, ritzy,
rough, rueful, sad, saddening, salt, salty, sarcastic, sardonic,
savant, saw-toothed, sawtooth, scathing, scheming, scintillating,
scorching, screaky, screeching, screechy, semibreve, semiquaver,
sensitive, serpentine, serrate, set, severe, shall, shaped note,
shark, sharp-cornered, sharp-sighted, sharp-witted, sharpened,
sharper, sharpie, sharply, sheer, shifty, shooting, short,
shortchanger, shrewd, shrieking, shrieky, shrill, shyster,
sixteenth note, sixty-fourth note, slap, sleek, sleepless, sleety,
slick, slicker, slippery, slushy, sly, smack, smack-dab, smart,
smooth, smug, snaky, snappy, snazzy, sneaky, snippy, soigne,
soignee, sophistical, sophisticated, sore, sorrowful, sour, spang,
sparkling, spasmatic, spasmic, spasmodic, speculator, speedy,
spiccato, spicy, spieler, spiffy, spiteful, splitting, sport,
sporting man, sportsman, sprightly, spruce, spry, square, squarely,
squeaking, squeaky, stabbing, staccato, startlingly, statesman,
stealthy, steel-trap, steep, stinging, stone-cold, strategic,
strict, strident, stringent, strong, strong-scented,
strong-smelling, style-conscious, stylish, subtile, subtle,
subzero, sudden, suddenly, suffocating, supercooled, supple, surly,
surprisingly, surreptitious, sustained note, swank, swanky, swell,
swift, swish, tactical, talented, tangy, tart, technical adviser,
technician, tercet, thin, thirty-second note, thoughtless, tinhorn,
tipster, to the minute, tone, tony, tormenting, torturous,
touching, tough, tout, treacherous, treble, trenchant, trendy,
trickish, tricksy, tricky, trig, trim, triplet, truculent,
tuneless, two-edged, two-faced, ululant, unawares, unblinking,
unceremonious, uncomfortable, unconscionable, underhand,
underhanded, unethical, unexpectedly, ungracious, unharmonious,
unkind, unmelodious, unmusical, unnodding, unscrupulous,
unsleeping, untunable, untuned, untuneful, unwinking, vehement,
venomous, venturer, vertical, violent, virulent, vitriolic, vivid,
vulpine, wagerer, wailing, wakeful, wary, well-dressed,
well-groomed, whet, whimsical, whining, whistling, whole note,
wide-awake, wily, winterbound, winterlike, wintery, wintry,
withering, without notice, without warning, witty, woebegone,
woeful, wretched, zigzag


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