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wound    音標拼音: [w'ɑʊnd] [w'und]
n. 創傷,傷口,傷疤,傷害,痛苦
vt. 傷害,損害,使受傷
vi. 打傷

創傷,傷口,傷疤,傷害,痛苦傷害,損害,使受傷打傷

wound


wound
adj 1: put in a coil
n 1: an injury to living tissue (especially an injury involving
a cut or break in the skin) [synonym: {wound}, {lesion}]
2: a casualty to military personnel resulting from combat [synonym:
{wound}, {injury}, {combat injury}]
3: a figurative injury (to your feelings or pride); "he feared
that mentioning it might reopen the wound"; "deep in her
breast lives the silent wound"; "The right reader of a good
poem can tell the moment it strikes him that he has taken an
immortal wound--that he will never get over it"--Robert Frost
4: the act of inflicting a wound [synonym: {wound}, {wounding}]
v 1: cause injuries or bodily harm to [synonym: {injure}, {wound}]
2: hurt the feelings of; "She hurt me when she did not include
me among her guests"; "This remark really bruised my ego"
[synonym: {hurt}, {wound}, {injure}, {bruise}, {offend}, {spite}]

Wind \Wind\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Wound} (wound) (rarely
{Winded}); p. pr. & vb. n. {Winding}.] [OE. winden, AS.
windan; akin to OS. windan, D. & G. winden, OHG. wintan,
Icel. & Sw. vinda, Dan. vinde, Goth. windan (in comp.). Cf.
{Wander}, {Wend}.]
[1913 Webster]
1. To turn completely, or with repeated turns; especially, to
turn about something fixed; to cause to form convolutions
about anything; to coil; to twine; to twist; to wreathe;
as, to wind thread on a spool or into a ball.
[1913 Webster]

Whether to wind
The woodbine round this arbor. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

2. To entwist; to infold; to encircle.
[1913 Webster]

Sleep, and I will wind thee in arms. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. To have complete control over; to turn and bend at one's
pleasure; to vary or alter or will; to regulate; to
govern. "To turn and wind a fiery Pegasus." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

In his terms so he would him wind. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

Gifts blind the wise, and bribes do please
And wind all other witnesses. --Herrick.
[1913 Webster]

Were our legislature vested in the prince, he might
wind and turn our constitution at his pleasure.
--Addison.
[1913 Webster]

4. To introduce by insinuation; to insinuate.
[1913 Webster]

You have contrived . . . to wind
Yourself into a power tyrannical. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Little arts and dexterities they have to wind in
such things into discourse. --Gov. of
Tongue.
[1913 Webster]

5. To cover or surround with something coiled about; as, to
wind a rope with twine.
[1913 Webster]

{To wind off}, to unwind; to uncoil.

{To wind out}, to extricate. [Obs.] --Clarendon.

{To wind up}.
(a) To coil into a ball or small compass, as a skein of
thread; to coil completely.
(b) To bring to a conclusion or settlement; as, to wind up
one's affairs; to wind up an argument.
(c) To put in a state of renewed or continued motion, as a
clock, a watch, etc., by winding the spring, or that
which carries the weight; hence, to prepare for
continued movement or action; to put in order anew.
"Fate seemed to wind him up for fourscore years."
--Dryden. "Thus they wound up his temper to a pitch."
--Atterbury.
(d) To tighten (the strings) of a musical instrument, so
as to tune it. "Wind up the slackened strings of thy
lute." --Waller.
[1913 Webster]


Wind \Wind\, v. t. [From {Wind}, moving air, but confused in
sense and in conjugation with wind to turn.] [imp. & p. p.
{Wound} (wound), R. {Winded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Winding}.]
To blow; to sound by blowing; esp., to sound with prolonged
and mutually involved notes. "Hunters who wound their horns."
--Pennant.
[1913 Webster]

Ye vigorous swains, while youth ferments your blood, .
. .
Wind the shrill horn. --Pope.
[1913 Webster]

That blast was winded by the king. --Sir W.
Scott.
[1913 Webster]


Wound \Wound\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Wounded}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Wounding}.] [AS. wundian. [root]140. See {Wound}, n.]
[1913 Webster]
1. To hurt by violence; to produce a breach, or separation of
parts, in, as by a cut, stab, blow, or the like.
[1913 Webster]

The archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the
archers. --1 Sam. xxxi.
3.
[1913 Webster]

2. To hurt the feelings of; to pain by disrespect,
ingratitude, or the like; to cause injury to.
[1913 Webster]

When ye sin so against the brethren, and wound their
weak conscience, ye sin against Christ. --1 Cor.
viii. 12.
[1913 Webster]


Wound \Wound\,
imp. & p. p. of {Wind} to twist, and {Wind} to sound by
blowing.
[1913 Webster]


Wound \Wound\ (?; 277), n. [OE. wounde, wunde, AS. wund; akin to
OFries. wunde, OS. wunda, D. wonde, OHG. wunta, G. wunde,
Icel. und, and to AS., OS., & G. wund sore, wounded, OHG.
wunt, Goth. wunds, and perhaps also to Goth. winnan to
suffer, E. win. [root]140. Cf. Zounds.]
[1913 Webster]
1. A hurt or injury caused by violence; specifically, a
breach of the skin and flesh of an animal, or in the
substance of any creature or living thing; a cut, stab,
rent, or the like. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

Showers of blood
Rained from the wounds of slaughtered Englishmen.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. Fig.: An injury, hurt, damage, detriment, or the like, to
feeling, faculty, reputation, etc.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Criminal Law) An injury to the person by which the skin
is divided, or its continuity broken; a lesion of the
body, involving some solution of continuity.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Walker condemns the pronunciation woond as a
"capricious novelty." It is certainly opposed to an
important principle of our language, namely, that the
Old English long sound written ou, and pronounced like
French ou or modern English oo, has regularly changed,
when accented, into the diphthongal sound usually
written with the same letters ou in modern English, as
in ground, hound, round, sound. The use of ou in Old
English to represent the sound of modern English oo was
borrowed from the French, and replaced the older and
Anglo-Saxon spelling with u. It makes no difference
whether the word was taken from the French or not,
provided it is old enough in English to have suffered
this change to what is now the common sound of ou; but
words taken from the French at a later time, or
influenced by French, may have the French sound.
[1913 Webster]

{Wound gall} (Zool.), an elongated swollen or tuberous gall
on the branches of the grapevine, caused by a small
reddish brown weevil ({Ampeloglypter sesostris}) whose
larvae inhabit the galls.
[1913 Webster]


coiled \coiled\ (koild), adj.
curled or wound especially in concentric rings or spirals;
as, a coiled snake ready to strike; the rope lay coiled on
the deck. Opposite of {uncoiled}.

Note: [Narrower terms: {coiling, helical, spiral, spiraling,
volute, voluted, whorled}; {convolute rolled
longitudinally upon itself};{curled, curled up};
{involute closely coiled so that the axis is
obscured)}; {looped, whorled}; {twined, twisted};
{convoluted}; {involute, rolled esp of petals or leaves
in bud: having margins rolled inward)}; {wound}]
[WordNet 1.5]

232 Moby Thesaurus words for "wound":
abrade, abrasion, abscess, abuse, ache, aching, afflict, affront,
aggrieve, agonize, ail, anguish, aposteme, barb the dart, bark,
bed sore, befoul, bewitch, bite, blain, bleb, blemish, blight,
blister, bloody, blow, boil, break, bruise, bubo, bulla, bunion,
burn, canker, canker sore, carbuncle, chafe, chancre, chancroid,
check, chilblain, chip, claw, cold sore, concussion, condemn,
convulse, corrupt, crack, crackle, cramp, craze, crucify, curse,
cut, cut up, damage, defile, deprave, despoil, destroy,
disadvantage, disserve, distress, do a mischief, do evil, do ill,
do wrong, do wrong by, dolor, doom, envenom, eschar, excruciate,
felon, fester, festering, fever blister, fistula, flash burn,
fracture, fray, frazzle, fret, furuncle, furunculus, gall, gash,
gathering, get into trouble, give offense, give pain, give umbrage,
gnaw, grate, grief, grieve, grind, gripe, gumboil, harass, harm,
harrow, hemorrhoids, hex, hurt, hurt the feelings, impair, incise,
incision, infect, inflame, inflict pain, injure, injury, irritate,
jinx, kibe, kill by inches, lacerate, laceration, lesion, maim,
make mincemeat of, maltreat, martyr, martyrize, maul, menace,
mistreat, molest, mortal wound, mutilate, mutilation, nasty blow,
nip, offend, outrage, pain, pang, papula, papule, paronychia,
parulis, passion, persecute, petechia, pierce, piles, pimple,
pinch, play havoc with, play hob with, pock, poison, pollute,
polyp, prejudice, prick, prolong the agony, puncture, pustule,
put to torture, rack, rankle, rasp, rend, rent, rip, rising, rub,
run, rupture, savage, scab, scald, scathe, scorch, scotch, scrape,
scratch, scuff, second-degree burn, shock, skin, slash, slit,
soft chancre, sore, sore spot, spasm, sprain, stab, stab wound,
stick, stigma, sting, strain, stress, stress of life, stroke, sty,
suffering, suppuration, swelling, taint, tear, tender spot,
third-degree burn, threaten, throes, torment, torture, trauma,
traumatize, tubercle, tweak, twist, twist the knife, ulcer,
ulceration, violate, wale, welt, wheal, whelk, whitlow,
wounds immedicable, wreak havoc on, wrench, wring, wrong

WOUND, med. jur. This term, in legal medicine, comprehends all lesions of
the body, and in this it differs from the meaning of the word when used in
surgery. The latter only refers to a solution of continuity, while the
former comprises not only these, but also every other kind of accident, such
as bruises, contusions, fractures, dislocations, and the like. Cooper's
Surgical Dict. h.t.; Dunglison's Med. Dict. h.t.; vide Dictionnaire des
Sciences Medicales, mot Blessures 3 Fodere, Med. Leg. Sec. 687-811.
2. Under the statute 9 Geo. IV. c. 21, sect. 12, it has been held in
England, that to make a wound, in criminal cases, there must be "an injury
to the person by which the skin is broken." 6 C. & P. 684; S. C. 19 Eng. C.
L. Rep. 526. Vide Beck's Med. Jur. c. 15; Ryan's Med. Jur. Index, h.t.;
Roscoe's Cr. Ev. 652; 19 Eng. Com. L. Rep. 425, 430, 526, 529; Dane's Ab.
Index, h.t.; 1 Moody's Cr. Cas. 278; 4 C. & P. 381; S. C. 19 E. C. L. R.
430; 4 C. & P. 446; S. C. 19 E. C. L. R. 466; 1 Moody's Cr. C. 318; 4 C. &
P. 558; S. C. 19 E. C. L. R. 526; Carr. Cr. L. 239; Guy, Med. Jur. ch. 9, p.
446; Merl. Repert. mot Blessure.
3. When a person is found dead from wounds, it is proper to inquire
whether they are the result of suicide, accident, or homicide. In making the
examination, the greatest attention should be bestowed on all the
circumstances. On this subject some general directions have been given under
the article Death. The reader is referred to 2 Beck's Med. Jur. 68 to 93. As
to, wounds on the living body, see Id. 188.



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