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universal    音標拼音: [j,unəv'ɚsəl]
a. 宇宙的,全世界的;普遍的,一般的;通用的,萬能的

宇宙的,全世界的;普遍的,一般的;通用的,萬能的

universal
通用杜林機


universal
通用性; 通用的; 萬能的; 宇宙的; 普遍的 UNI; UNIV

universal
廣用 全稱

universal
adj 1: of worldwide scope or applicability; "an issue of
cosmopolitan import"; "the shrewdest political and
ecumenical comment of our time"- Christopher Morley;
"universal experience" [synonym: {cosmopolitan},
{ecumenical}, {oecumenical}, {general}, {universal},
{worldwide}, {world-wide}]
2: applicable to or common to all members of a group or set;
"the play opened to universal acclaim"; "rap enjoys universal
appeal among teenage boys"
3: adapted to various purposes, sizes, forms, operations;
"universal wrench", "universal chuck"; "universal
screwdriver"
n 1: (linguistics) a grammatical rule (or other linguistic
feature) that is found in all languages [synonym: {universal},
{linguistic universal}]
2: (logic) a proposition that asserts something of all members
of a class [synonym: {universal}, {universal proposition}] [ant:
{particular}, {particular proposition}]
3: a behavioral convention or pattern characteristic of all
members of a particular culture or of all human beings; "some
form of religion seems to be a human universal"
4: coupling that connects two rotating shafts allowing freedom
of movement in all directions; "in motor vehicles a universal
joint allows the driveshaft to move up and down as the
vehicle passes over bumps" [synonym: {universal joint},
{universal}]

Universal \U`ni*ver"sal\, n.
1. The whole; the general system of the universe; the
universe. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Plato calleth God the cause and original, the nature
and reason, of the universal. --Sir W.
Raleigh.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Logic)
(a) A general abstract conception, so called from being
universally applicable to, or predicable of, each
individual or species contained under it.
(b) A universal proposition. See {Universal}, a., 4.
[1913 Webster]


Universal \U`ni*ver"sal\, a. [L. universalis: cf. F. universel,
OF. also universal. See {Universe}.]
1. Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to, including,
or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space;
unlimited; general; all-reaching; all-pervading; as,
universal ruin; universal good; universal benevolence or
benefice. "Anointed universal King." --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

The universal cause
Acts not by partial, but by general laws. --Pope.
[1913 Webster]

This universal frame began. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Universal and its derivatives are used in common
discourse for general and its derivatives. See
{General}.
[1913 Webster]

2. Constituting or considered as a whole; total; entire;
whole; as, the universal world. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

At which the universal host up dent
A shout that tore Hell's concave. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Mech.) Adapted or adaptable to all or to various uses,
shapes, sizes, etc.; as, a universal milling machine.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Logic) Forming the whole of a genus; relatively unlimited
in extension; affirmed or denied of the whole of a
subject; as, a universal proposition; -- opposed to
{particular}; e. g. (universal affirmative) All men are
animals; (universal negative) No men are omniscient.
[1913 Webster]

{Universal chuck} (Mach.), a chuck, as for a lathe, having
jaws which can be moved simultaneously so as to grasp
objects of various sizes.

{Universal church}, the whole church of God in the world; the
catholic church. See the Note under {Catholic}, a., 1.

{Universal coupling}. (Mach.) Same as {Universal joint},
below.

{Universal dial}, a dial by which the hour may be found in
any part of the world, or under any elevation of the pole.


{Universal instrument} (Astron.), a species of altitude and
azimuth instrument, the peculiarity of which is, that the
object end of the telescope is placed at right angles to
the eye end, with a prism of total reflection at the
angle, and the eye end constitutes a portion of the
horizontal axis of the instrument, having the eyepiece at
the pivot and in the center of the altitude circle, so
that the eye has convenient access to both at the same
time.

{Universal joint} (Mach.), a contrivance used for joining two
shafts or parts of a machine endwise, so that the one may
give rotary motion to the other when forming an angle with
it, or may move freely in all directions with respect to
the other, as by means of a cross connecting the forked
ends of the two shafts (Fig. 1). Since this joint can not
act when the angle of the shafts is less than 140[deg], a
double joint of the same kind is sometimes used for giving
rotary motion at angles less than 140[deg] (Fig. 2).

{Universal umbel} (Bot.), a primary or general umbel; the
first or largest set of rays in a compound umbel; --
opposed to partial umbel. A universal involucre is not
unfrequently placed at the foot of a universal umbel.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: General; all; whole; total. See {General}.
[1913 Webster]

220 Moby Thesaurus words for "universal":
Berkeleianism, Geistesgeschichte, Hegelian idea, Hegelianism,
Kantian idea, Kantianism, Neoplatonism, Platonic form,
Platonic idea, Platonism, absolute, absolute idealism, accustomed,
across-the-board, aggregate, all, all-comprehending,
all-comprehensive, all-covering, all-embracing, all-encompassing,
all-filling, all-including, all-inclusive, all-out, all-pervading,
allover, animatism, animism, archetype, average, blanket, born,
boundless, broad, broad-based, catholic, clean, clear, common,
commonplace, compendious, complete, complex idea, comprehensive,
congenital, consummate, conventional, cosmic, cosmogonal,
cosmogonic, cosmologic, cosmopolitan, countless, country-wide,
current, customary, deep-dyed, downright, dyed-in-the-wool,
ecumenic, ecumenical, egregious, encyclopedic, endless, entire,
epidemic, eternal, eternal object, eternal universal, everyday,
exemplar, exhaustive, exhaustless, extending everywhere, extensive,
familiar, form, formal cause, galactic, general, generic, global,
gross, habitual, heaven-wide, highest category, history of ideas,
holistic, household, hylozoism, ideal, idealism, ideate, ideatum,
idee-force, illimitable, illimited, immaterialism, immeasurable,
immense, incalculable, inclusive, incomprehensible, inexhaustible,
infinite, infinitely continuous, innate idea, innumerable,
integral, integrated, intensive, interminable, interminate,
international, limitless, measureless, metaphysical idealism,
model, monistic idealism, national, no end of, nondenominational,
nonsectarian, noosphere, normative, noumenon, omnibus, omnipresent,
one, one and indivisible, ordinary, out-and-out, outright,
over-all, pandemic, panoramic, panpsychism, pattern, percept,
perfect, perpetual, personalism, pervasive, plain, planetary,
plumb, popular, predominating, prescriptive, prevailing, prevalent,
prototype, psychism, pure, radical, regular, regulation,
regulative first principle, sheer, shoreless, simple idea,
solipsism, spiritualism, standard, stock, straight, subjectivism,
subsistent form, sumless, sweeping, synoptic, termless,
the Absolute, the Absolute Idea, the Self-determined,
the realized ideal, thorough, thoroughgoing, through-and-through,
total, transcendent idea, transcendent nonempirical concept,
transcendent universal, transcendental, ubiquitous, unbounded,
uncircumscribed, unconditional, unfathomable, universal concept,
universal essence, unlimited, unmeasurable, unmeasured,
unmitigated, unnumbered, unplumbed, unqualified, unreserved,
unrestricted, untold, usual, utter, veritable, vernacular, whole,
wholesale, wide-ranging, widespread, without bound, without end,
without exception, without limit, without measure, without number,
without omission, wonted, world-wide, worldwide

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