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pile    音標拼音: [p'ɑɪl]
n. 堆,大堆,電池,大量,橋樁,軟毛,痔瘡
vi. 堆起,堆積,積累,擠
vt. 堆于,累積


n 1: a collection of objects laid on top of each other [synonym:
{pile}, {heap}, {mound}, {agglomerate}, {cumulation},
2: (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent;
"a batch of letters"; "a deal of trouble"; "a lot of money";
"he made a mint on the stock market"; "see the rest of the
winners in our huge passel of photos"; "it must have cost
plenty"; "a slew of journalists"; "a wad of money" [synonym:
{batch}, {deal}, {flock}, {good deal}, {great deal},
{hatful}, {heap}, {lot}, {mass}, {mess}, {mickle}, {mint},
{mountain}, {muckle}, {passel}, {peck}, {pile}, {plenty},
{pot}, {quite a little}, {raft}, {sight}, {slew}, {spate},
{stack}, {tidy sum}, {wad}]
3: a large sum of money (especially as pay or profit); "she made
a bundle selling real estate"; "they sank megabucks into
their new house" [synonym: {pile}, {bundle}, {big bucks},
{megabucks}, {big money}]
4: fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or
deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs)
[synonym: {down}, {pile}]
5: battery consisting of voltaic cells arranged in series; the
earliest electric battery devised by Volta [synonym: {voltaic
pile}, {pile}, {galvanic pile}]
6: a column of wood or steel or concrete that is driven into the
ground to provide support for a structure [synonym: {pile},
{spile}, {piling}, {stilt}]
7: the yarn (as in a rug or velvet or corduroy) that stands up
from the weave; "for uniform color and texture tailors cut
velvet with the pile running the same direction" [synonym:
{pile}, {nap}]
8: a nuclear reactor that uses controlled nuclear fission to
generate energy [synonym: {atomic pile}, {atomic reactor},
{pile}, {chain reactor}]
v 1: arrange in stacks; "heap firewood around the fireplace";
"stack your books up on the shelves" [synonym: {stack}, {pile},
2: press tightly together or cram; "The crowd packed the
auditorium" [synonym: {throng}, {mob}, {pack}, {pile}, {jam}]
3: place or lay as if in a pile; "The teacher piled work on the
students until the parents protested"

Pile \Pile\, n. [L. pilum javelin. See {Pile} a stake.]
The head of an arrow or spear. [Obs.] --Chapman.
[1913 Webster]

Pile \Pile\, n. [AS. p[imac]l arrow, stake, L. pilum javelin;
but cf. also L. pila pillar.]
1. A large stake, or piece of timber, pointed and driven into
the earth, as at the bottom of a river, or in a harbor
where the ground is soft, for the support of a building, a
pier, or other superstructure, or to form a cofferdam,
[1913 Webster]

Note: Tubular iron piles are now much used.
[1913 Webster]

2. [Cf. F. pile.] (Her.) One of the ordinaries or
subordinaries having the form of a wedge, usually placed
palewise, with the broadest end uppermost.
[1913 Webster]

{Pile bridge}, a bridge of which the roadway is supported on

{Pile cap}, a beam resting upon and connecting the heads of

{Pile driver}, or {Pile engine}, an apparatus for driving
down piles, consisting usually of a high frame, with
suitable appliances for raising to a height (by animal or
steam power, the explosion of gunpowder, etc.) a heavy
mass of iron, which falls upon the pile.

{Pile dwelling}. See {Lake dwelling}, under {Lake}.

{Pile plank} (Hydraul. Eng.), a thick plank used as a pile in
sheet piling. See {Sheet piling}, under {Piling}.

{Pneumatic pile}. See under {Pneumatic}.

{Screw pile}, one with a screw at the lower end, and sunk by
rotation aided by pressure.
[1913 Webster]

Pile \Pile\, n. [L. pilus hair. Cf. {Peruke}.]
1. A hair; hence, the fiber of wool, cotton, and the like;
also, the nap when thick or heavy, as of carpeting and
[1913 Webster]

Velvet soft, or plush with shaggy pile. --Cowper.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Zool.) A covering of hair or fur.
[1913 Webster]

Pile \Pile\, v. t.
To drive piles into; to fill with piles; to strengthen with
[1913 Webster]

{To sheet-pile}, to make sheet piling in or around. See
{Sheet piling}, under 2nd {Piling}.
[1913 Webster]

Pile \Pile\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Piled}; p. pr. & vb. n.
1. To lay or throw into a pile or heap; to heap up; to
collect into a mass; to accumulate; to amass; -- often
with up; as, to pile up wood. "Hills piled on hills."
--Dryden. "Life piled on life." --Tennyson.
[1913 Webster]

The labor of an age in piled stones. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

2. To cover with heaps; or in great abundance; to fill or
overfill; to load.
[1913 Webster]

{To pile arms} {To pile muskets} (Mil.), to place three guns
together so that they may stand upright, supporting each
other; to stack arms.
[1913 Webster] Pileate

Pile \Pile\, n. [F. pile, L. pila a pillar, a pier or mole of
stone. Cf. {Pillar}.]
1. A mass of things heaped together; a heap; as, a pile of
stones; a pile of wood.
[1913 Webster]

2. A mass formed in layers; as, a pile of shot.
[1913 Webster]

3. A funeral pile; a pyre. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

4. A large building, or mass of buildings.
[1913 Webster]

The pile o'erlooked the town and drew the fight.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Iron Manuf.) Same as {Fagot}, n., 2.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Elec.) A vertical series of alternate disks of two
dissimilar metals, as copper and zinc, laid up with disks
of cloth or paper moistened with acid water between them,
for producing a current of electricity; -- commonly called
{Volta's pile}, {voltaic pile}, or {galvanic pile}.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The term is sometimes applied to other forms of
apparatus designed to produce a current of electricity,
or as synonymous with battery; as, for instance, to an
apparatus for generating a current of electricity by
the action of heat, usually called a thermopile.
[1913 Webster]

7. [F. pile pile, an engraved die, L. pila a pillar.] The
reverse of a coin. See {Reverse}.
[1913 Webster]

{Cross and pile}. See under {Cross}.

{Dry pile}. See under {Dry}.
[1913 Webster]

Piles \Piles\, n. pl. [L. pila a ball. Cf. {Pill} a medicine.]
The small, troublesome tumors or swellings about the anus and
lower part of the rectum which are technically called
{hemorrhoids}. See {Hemorrhoids}.

Note: [The singular {pile} is sometimes used.]
[1913 Webster]

{Blind piles}, hemorrhoids which do not bleed.
[1913 Webster]

460 Moby Thesaurus words for "pile":
abscess, abundance, accumulate, accumulation, agglomeration,
aggregate, aggregation, amass, amassment, angina, angina pectoris,
anthill, aortic insufficiency, aortic stenosis, apoplectic stroke,
architecture, arrhythmia, arteriosclerosis, assault, assemblage,
assemble, assortment, atherosclerosis, atomic pile,
atrial fibrillation, attack, auricular fibrillation, back, backlog,
bag, bags, baluster, balustrade, banister, bank, bank up, bankroll,
barrel, base, batch, bed sore, beriberi heart, bestraddle,
bestride, blade, blain, bleb, blister, board, boil, bomb, boodle,
bottle, box, bract, bracteole, bractlet, breeder reactor, bricks,
bristle, bristles, brush, bubo, budget, building, bulla, bundle,
bunion, burden, can, canker, canker sore, capillament, carbuncle,
cardiac arrest, cardiac insufficiency, cardiac shock,
cardiac stenosis, cardiac thrombosis, carditis, caryatid,
chain reactor, chain-reacting pile, chancre, chancroid, charge,
chilblain, choke, cilium, climb on, coat, cock, cold sore, collect,
collection, colonnade, column, commissariat, commissary,
concentration, congenital heart disease, congeries, conglomeration,
considerable, construct, construction, cor biloculare, cor juvenum,
cor triatriatum, cornucopia, coronary, coronary insufficiency,
coronary thrombosis, cotyledon, crate, crowd in, cumulate,
cumulation, dado, deal, deposit, diastolic hypertension, die, down,
drift, dump, dune, edifice, eiderdown, embankment, encased heart,
endocarditis, enter, erection, eschar, establishment, exaggerate,
exit, extrasystole, fabric, fast pile, fatty heart, feel, felon,
fester, festering, fever blister, fibroid heart, fill, finish,
fistula, flag, flask-shaped heart, fleece, floral leaf, floss,
flue, fluff, foliole, footstalk, fortune, freight, frond,
frosted heart, fur, furnace, furuncle, furunculus, fuzz, gathering,
get in, get into, get on, glomeration, glume, go aboard,
go on board, gobs, good deal, good sum, grain, granular texture,
great deal, gumboil, hair, hairy heart, haycock, haymow, hayrick,
haystack, heap, heap up, heaps, heaps of gold, heart attack,
heart block, heart condition, heart disease, heart failure,
hemorrhoids, heterogeneous reactor, high blood pressure, hill,
hoard, holdings, homogeneous reactor, hop in, horsehair, house,
hypertension, hypertensive heart disease, intermediate pile,
inventory, involucre, involucrum, ischemic heart disease, jack,
jam in, jumble, jump in, jump on, kibe, knub, lade, lamina, larder,
large sum, lashings, lattice, leaf, leaflet, leave, leg, lemma,
lesion, ligule, lint, load, loads, loot, lot, lots, lump, mane,
mass, material, materials, materiel, mess, millions, mint,
mint of money, mitral insufficiency, mitral stenosis, molehill,
money, mound, mount, mountain, mow, much, munitions,
myocardial infarction, myocardial insufficiency, myocarditis,
myovascular insufficiency, nap, needle, neutron factory,
newel-post, nub, nuclear furnace, oceans, oodles, overwhelm,
ox heart, pack, pack away, pack in, packaged house, packet, pale,
palisade, palpitation, papula, papule, paralytic stroke,
paronychia, paroxysmal tachycardia, parulis, peck, pedestal,
pedicel, peduncle, peg, pelt, pericarditis, petal, petechia,
picket, pier, pilaster, pile in, pile it on, pile out, pile up,
piles, piling, pillar, pimple, pine needle, pit, plenitude, plenty,
plethora, plinth, plush, plutonium reactor, pock, pocket, pole,
polyp, post, pot, potful, power of money, power reactor,
power-breeder reactor, prefab, prefabrication, premature beat,
pretty penny, protuberance, provisionment, provisions,
pseudoaortic insufficiency, pubescence, pubic hair,
pulmonary insufficiency, pulmonary stenosis, pustule, pyramid,
pyre, quantity, queen-post, quite a little, radioactive waste,
raft, rafts, rations, reactor, reactor pile, repertoire, repertory,
rheumatic heart disease, rick, rising, rods, roll, round heart,
ruck, sack, scab, scads, sclerosis, seed leaf, sepal, setula,
shaft, shag, shank, ship, shock, sight, skyscraper, slew, slews,
slow pile, snowdrift, socle, soft chancre, sore, spate, spathe,
spear, spile, spire, stack, stack up, stacks, staff, stake, stalk,
stanchion, stand, standard, stellarator, stem, stigma, stipula,
stipule, stock, stock-in-trade, stockpile, stony heart, store,
stores, stow, stroke, structure, sty, subbase, superabundance,
superstructure, supplies, supply, supply on hand, suppuration,
surbase, surface, surface texture, swansdown, swelling,
tachycardia, texture, thistledown, thousands, thrombosis, tidy sum,
tons, tower, treasure, treasury, tricuspid insufficiency,
tricuspid stenosis, trunk, tubercle, tumulus, turtle heart, ulcer,
ulceration, upright, uranium reactor, varicose veins, varix,
ventricular fibrillation, wad, wads, wale, wealth, weave, welt,
wheal, whelk, whitlow, whole slew, windrow, woof, wool, wound

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