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near    音標拼音: [n'ɪr]
a. 近的,近親的,近似的
ad. 接近,親近,節儉
prep. 靠近,近乎
vi. 接近,走近



adv 1: near in time or place or relationship; "as the wedding
day drew near"; "stood near the door"; "don't shoot until
they come near"; "getting near to the true explanation";
"her mother is always near"; "The end draws nigh"; "the
bullet didn't come close"; "don't get too close to the
fire" [synonym: {near}, {nigh}, {close}]
2: (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite
accomplished; all but; "the job is (just) about done"; "the
baby was almost asleep when the alarm sounded"; "we're almost
finished"; "the car all but ran her down"; "he nearly
fainted"; "talked for nigh onto 2 hours"; "the recording is
well-nigh perfect"; "virtually all the parties signed the
contract"; "I was near exhausted by the run"; "most everyone
agrees" [synonym: {about}, {almost}, {most}, {nearly}, {near},
{nigh}, {virtually}, {well-nigh}]
adj 1: not far distant in time or space or degree or
circumstances; "near neighbors"; "in the near future";
"they are near equals"; "his nearest approach to
success"; "a very near thing"; "a near hit by the bomb";
"she was near tears"; "she was close to tears"; "had a
close call" [synonym: {near}, {close}, {nigh}] [ant: {far}]
2: being on the left side; "the near or nigh horse is the one on
the left"; "the animal's left side is its near or nigh side"
[synonym: {near(a)}, {nigh(a)}]
3: closely resembling the genuine article; "near beer"; "a dress
of near satin"
4: giving or spending with reluctance; "our cheeseparing
administration"; "very close (or near) with his money"; "a
penny-pinching miserly old man" [synonym: {cheeseparing},
{close}, {near}, {penny-pinching}, {skinny}]
5: with or in a close or intimate relationship; "a good friend";
"my sisters and brothers are near and dear" [synonym: {dear},
{good}, {near}]
6: very close in resemblance; "sketched in an approximate
likeness"; "a near likeness" [synonym: {approximate}, {near}]
v 1: move towards; "We were approaching our destination"; "They
are drawing near"; "The enemy army came nearer and nearer"
[synonym: {approach}, {near}, {come on}, {go up}, {draw near},
{draw close}, {come near}]

Near \Near\, a. [Compar. {Nearer}; superl. {Nearest}.] [See
{Near}, adv.]
1. Not far distant in time, place, or degree; not remote;
close at hand; adjacent; neighboring; nigh. "As one near
death." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

He served great Hector, and was ever near,
Not with his trumpet only, but his spear. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

2. Closely connected or related.
[1913 Webster]

She is thy father's near kinswoman. --Lev. xviii.
[1913 Webster]

3. Close to one's interests, affection, etc.; touching, or
affecting intimately; intimate; dear; as, a near friend.
[1913 Webster]

4. Close to anything followed or imitated; not free, loose,
or rambling; as, a version near to the original.
[1913 Webster]

5. So as barely to avoid or pass injury or loss; close;
narrow[3]; as, a near escape; a near miss.
[1913 Webster]

6. Next to the driver, when he is on foot; in the Unted
States, on the left of an animal or a team; as, the near
ox; the near leg. See {Off side}, under {Off}, a.
[1913 Webster]

7. Immediate; direct; close; short. "The nearest way."
[1913 Webster]

8. Close-fisted; parsimonious. [Obs. or Low, Eng.]
[1913 Webster]

Note: Near may properly be followed by to before the thing
approached; but more frequently to is omitted, and the
adjective or the adverb is regarded as a preposition.
The same is also true of the word nigh.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Nigh; close; adjacent; proximate; contiguous; present;
ready; intimate; familiar; dear.
[1913 Webster]

Near \Near\ (n[=e]r), adv. [AS. ne['a]r, compar. of ne['a]h
nigh. See {Nigh}.]
1. At a little distance, in place, time, manner, or degree;
not remote; nigh.
[1913 Webster]

My wife! my traitress! let her not come near me.
[1913 Webster]

2. Nearly; almost; well-nigh. "Near twenty years ago."
--Shak. "Near a fortnight ago." --Addison.
[1913 Webster]

Near about the yearly value of the land. --Locke.
[1913 Webster]

3. Closely; intimately. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

{Far and near}, at a distance and close by; throughout a
whole region.

{To come near to}, to want but little of; to approximate to.
"Such a sum he found would go near to ruin him."

{Near the wind} (Naut.), close to the wind; closehauled.
[1913 Webster]

Near \Near\, prep.
Adjacent to; close by; not far from; nigh; as, the ship
sailed near the land. See the Note under {near}, a.
[1913 Webster]

Near \Near\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Neared}; p. pr. & vb. n
{Nearing}.] [See {Near}, adv.]
To approach; to come nearer; as, the ship neared the land.
[1913 Webster]

Near \Near\, v. i.
To draw near; to approach.
[1913 Webster]

A speck, a mist, a shape, I wist!
And still it neared, and neared. --Coleridge.
[1913 Webster]

305 Moby Thesaurus words for "near":
about, about to be, abutting, accost, adjacent, adjoining, advance,
advancing, all but, almost, along toward, already in sight, among,
angustifoliate, angustirostrate, angustisellate, angustiseptal,
anticipate, ape, appear like, approach, approaching, appropinquate,
approximate, approximating, approximative, arm-in-arm, around,
as good as, aside, at, at close quarters, at hand, at next hand,
attached, attracted to, avaricious, await, be destined, be fated,
be imminent, be in store, be like, be redolent of, be to be,
be to come, bear down on, bear down upon, bear resemblance,
bear up, beside, bordering on, brew, brewing, bring to mind,
burning, by, call to mind, call up, cheap, cheek-by-jowl, circa,
circumscribed, close, close about, close at hand, close by,
close in, close to, close upon, close with, close-by,
close-fitting, closefisted, closely, come, come close, come closer,
come forward, come near, come on, come up, coming, comparable,
compare with, confined, confront, connected, constricted,
contiguous, converge, copy, correspond, counterclockwise,
counterfeit, cramp, cramped, crowded, draw near, draw nigh,
draw on, drawn to, encounter, equal, evoke, expect, face, familiar,
fast by, favor, follow, foresee, foretell, forthcome, forthcoming,
from, future, gain upon, gather, gathering, going to happen,
hairbreadth, hand and glove, hand-in-hand, hang over, hard,
hard by, hard on, hardfisted, hereabout, hereabouts, homologous,
hope, hot, hover, illiberal, imitate, immediate, imminent, impend,
impendent, impending, in, in danger imminent, in prospect,
in reserve, in spitting distance, in store, in the cards,
in the offing, in the wind, in view, incapacious, incommodious,
inseparable, instant, intimate, isthmian, isthmic, just about,
larboard, lean towards, left, left-hand, left-wing, left-wingish,
levorotatory, liberal, lie ahead, lie over, like, limited,
look for, look forward to, look like, loom, looming, lower,
lowering, lurking, match, meager, mean, menace, menacing, mimic,
mirror, miserly, much at one, much the same, narrow,
narrow the gap, near at hand, near the mark, near to, near upon,
nearabout, nearabouts, nearby, nearing, nearish, nearly,
nearly reproduce, nearly the same, next door to, next to,
niggardly, nigh, nigh about, nighhand, nighish, not far,
not far from, not quite, not tell apart, on, on the horizon,
oncoming, only a step, overhang, overhanging, parallel,
parsimonious, partake of, penny-pinching, penurious, pinchfisted,
pinching, plan, plot, port, predict, preparing, pretty near,
project, prophesy, propinque, proximal, proximate, quasi, radical,
relatable, related, relative, remind one of, resemble, restricted,
rival, round, same but different, save-all, savor of, scant,
scanty, seem like, selfish, side-by-side, sidle up to, similar,
simulate, sinister, sinistral, sinistrocerebral, sinistrocular,
sinistrogyrate, sinistrorse, slender, smack of, sound like,
stack up with, step up, stingy, strait, suggest, take after,
that will be, thereabout, thereabouts, thick, thick as thieves,
threaten, threatening, tight, tight-fisted, tightfisted, to,
to come, touch, toward, ungenerous, upcoming, verge on, verging on,
verging upon, vicinal, virtually, waiting, warm, well-nigh, with,
within call, within earshot, within hearing, within reach,
within sight



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