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assume    音標拼音: [əs'um]
vt. 假定,設想,認為;采取;呈現;承擔

假定,設想,認為;採取;呈現;承擔

assume
假設

assume
v 1: take to be the case or to be true; accept without
verification or proof; "I assume his train was late" [synonym:
{assume}, {presume}, {take for granted}]
2: take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities; "When will
the new President assume office?" [synonym: {assume}, {adopt},
{take on}, {take over}]
3: take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect; "His voice took
on a sad tone"; "The story took a new turn"; "he adopted an
air of superiority"; "She assumed strange manners"; "The gods
assume human or animal form in these fables" [synonym: {assume},
{acquire}, {adopt}, {take on}, {take}]
4: take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person;
"I'll accept the charges"; "She agreed to bear the
responsibility" [synonym: {bear}, {take over}, {accept},
{assume}]
5: occupy or take on; "He assumes the lotus position"; "She took
her seat on the stage"; "We took our seats in the orchestra";
"She took up her position behind the tree"; "strike a pose"
[synonym: {assume}, {take}, {strike}, {take up}]
6: seize and take control without authority and possibly with
force; take as one's right or possession; "He assumed to
himself the right to fill all positions in the town"; "he
usurped my rights"; "She seized control of the throne after
her husband died" [synonym: {assume}, {usurp}, {seize}, {take
over}, {arrogate}]
7: make a pretence of; "She assumed indifference, even though
she was seething with anger"; "he feigned sleep" [synonym:
{simulate}, {assume}, {sham}, {feign}]
8: take up someone's soul into heaven; "This is the day when May
was assumed into heaven"
9: put clothing on one's body; "What should I wear today?"; "He
put on his best suit for the wedding"; "The princess donned a
long blue dress"; "The queen assumed the stately robes"; "He
got into his jeans" [synonym: {wear}, {put on}, {get into},
{don}, {assume}]

Assume \As*sume"\, v. i.
1. To be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due.
--Bp. Burnet.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Law) To undertake, as by a promise. --Burrill.
[1913 Webster]


Assume \As*sume"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Assumed}; p. pr. & vb.
n. {Assuming}.] [L. assumere; ad sumere to take; sub
emere to take, buy: cf. F. assumer. See {Redeem}.]
1. To take to or upon one's self; to take formally and
demonstratively; sometimes, to appropriate or take
unjustly.
[1913 Webster]

Trembling they stand while Jove assumes the throne.
--Pope.
[1913 Webster]

The god assumed his native form again. --Pope.
[1913 Webster]

2. To take for granted, or without proof; to suppose as a
fact; to suppose or take arbitrarily or tentatively.
[1913 Webster]

The consequences of assumed principles. --Whewell.
[1913 Webster]

3. To pretend to possess; to take in appearance.
[1913 Webster]

Ambition assuming the mask of religion. --Porteus.
[1913 Webster]

Assume a virtue, if you have it not. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. To receive or adopt.
[1913 Webster]

The sixth was a young knight of lesser renown and
lower rank, assumed into that honorable company.
--Sir W.
Scott.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: To arrogate; usurp; appropriate.
[1913 Webster]

273 Moby Thesaurus words for "assume":
accept, account as, accroach, acquire, act, act a part, act like,
admit, adopt, affect, affirm, allegorize, allow, allude to,
appropriate, arrogate, assert, assume, assume command, attack,
attempt, aver, be afraid, believe, bluff, borrow, bring,
bring to mind, buckle to, call for, camouflage, change, chorus,
cloak, colonize, come by, come in for, commandeer, comprise,
conceal, concede, conceive, conclude, connote, conquer, consider,
contain, copy, counterfeit, cover up, crib, dare, daresay, deduce,
deem, derive, derive from, disguise, dissemble, dissimulate, ditto,
divine, do, do a bit, do like, don, drag down, dramatize, draw,
draw from, draw on, dream, dress in, echo, embark in, embark upon,
employ, encroach, endeavor, engage in, enslave, entail, enter on,
enter upon, esteem, estimate, expect, fake, fall into, fall to,
fancy, feel, feign, forge, four-flush, gain, gammon, gather, get,
get into, get on, get under way, go about, go at, go in for,
go into, go like, go upon, grab, grant, guess, have, have a hunch,
have an idea, have an impression, have an inkling, have at,
have coming in, have the idea, hazard, hide, hint, histrionize,
hog, hoke, hoke up, hold, hold as, imagine, imitate, implicate,
imply, import, indent, infer, infringe, insinuate, intimate,
invade, involve, judge, jump a claim, launch forth, launch into,
lay about, lead to, let, let be, let on, let on like, look upon as,
maintain, make a pretense, make as if, make believe, make bold,
make free, make free with, make like, make out like, make use of,
mask, mean, mean to say, mirror, mock, monopolize,
mount the throne, move into, obtain, occupy, opine, overact,
overrun, pirate, pitch into, plagiarize, play, play God,
play a part, play a scene, play possum, playact, plunge into,
point indirectly to, posit, postulate, predicate, preempt,
prefigure, premise, preoccupy, prepossess, presume, presuppose,
presurmise, pretend, pretend to, proceed to, profess,
provisionally accept, pull, pull down, put on, put on airs,
receive, reckon, reecho, reflect, regard, repeat, repute, require,
requisition, say, secure, seize, seize power, seize the throne,
set about, set at, set down as, set forward, set going, set to,
sham, simulate, sit on, slip on, snatch, squat on, steal, strike,
subjugate, subsume, suggest, suppose, surmise, suspect, tackle,
take, take all of, take charge, take command, take for,
take for granted, take in, take it, take it all, take on,
take over, take possession, take possession of, take the helm,
take the lead, take the liberty, take to be, take up, think, throw,
trespass, trow, tug the heartstrings, turn to, understand,
undertake, use, usurp, venture, venture upon, view as, wear,
ween

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