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compass    音標拼音: [k'ʌmpəs]
n. 指南針,周圍,境界
vt. 包圍,達成,企圖,了解



n 1: navigational instrument for finding directions
2: an area in which something acts or operates or has power or
control: "the range of a supersonic jet"; "a piano has a
greater range than the human voice"; "the ambit of municipal
legislation"; "within the compass of this article"; "within
the scope of an investigation"; "outside the reach of the
law"; "in the political orbit of a world power" [synonym:
{scope}, {range}, {reach}, {orbit}, {compass}, {ambit}]
3: the limit of capability; "within the compass of education"
[synonym: {compass}, {range}, {reach}, {grasp}]
4: drafting instrument used for drawing circles
v 1: bring about; accomplish; "This writer attempts more than
his talents can compass"
2: travel around, either by plane or ship; "We compassed the
earth" [synonym: {circumnavigate}, {compass}]
3: get the meaning of something; "Do you comprehend the meaning
of this letter?" [synonym: {grok}, {get the picture},
{comprehend}, {savvy}, {dig}, {grasp}, {compass},

Compass \Com"pass\ (k[u^]m"pas), n. [F. compas, fr. LL.
compassus circle, prop., a stepping together; com- passus
pace, step. See {Pace}, {Pass}.]
1. A passing round; circuit; circuitous course.
[1913 Webster]

They fetched a compass of seven day's journey. --2
Kings iii. 9.
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This day I breathed first; time is come round,
And where I did begin, there shall I end;
My life is run his compass. --Shak.
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2. An inclosing limit; boundary; circumference; as, within
the compass of an encircling wall.
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3. An inclosed space; an area; extent.
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Their wisdom . . . lies in a very narrow compass.
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4. Extent; reach; sweep; capacity; sphere; as, the compass of
his eye; the compass of imagination.
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The compass of his argument. --Wordsworth.
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5. Moderate bounds, limits of truth; moderation; due limits;
-- used with within.
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In two hundred years before (I speak within
compass), no such commission had been executed.
--Sir J.
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6. (Mus.) The range of notes, or tones, within the capacity
of a voice or instrument.
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You would sound me from my lowest note to the top of
my compass. --Shak.
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7. An instrument for determining directions upon the earth's
surface by means of a magnetized bar or needle turning
freely upon a pivot and pointing in a northerly and
southerly direction.
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He that first discovered the use of the compass did
more for the supplying and increase of useful
commodities than those who built workhouses.
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8. A pair of compasses. [R.] See {Compasses.}

To fix one foot of their compass wherever they
please. --Swift.
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9. A circle; a continent. [Obs.]
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The tryne compas [the threefold world containing
earth, sea, and heaven. --Skeat.] --Chaucer.
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{Azimuth compass}. See under {Azimuth}.

{Beam compass}. See under {Beam}.

{Compass card}, the circular card attached to the needles of
a mariner's compass, on which are marked the thirty-two
points or rhumbs.

{Compass dial}, a small pocket compass fitted with a sundial
to tell the hour of the day.

{Compass plane} (Carp.), a plane, convex in the direction of
its length on the under side, for smoothing the concave
faces of curved woodwork.

{Compass plant}, {Compass flower} (Bot.), a plant of the
American prairies ({Silphium laciniatum}), not unlike a
small sunflower; rosinweed. Its lower and root leaves are
vertical, and on the prairies are disposed to present
their edges north and south.
[1913 Webster]

Its leaves are turned to the north as true as the
This is the compass flower. --Longefellow.

{Compass saw}, a saw with a narrow blade, which will cut in a
curve; -- called also {fret saw} and {keyhole saw}.

{Compass timber} (Shipbuilding), curved or crooked timber.

{Compass window} (Arch.), a circular bay window or oriel

{Mariner's compass}, a kind of compass used in navigation. It
has two or more magnetic needles permanently attached to a
card, which moves freely upon a pivot, and is read with
reference to a mark on the box representing the ship's
head. The card is divided into thirty-two points, called
also rhumbs, and the glass-covered box or bowl containing
it is suspended in gimbals within the binnacle, in order
to preserve its horizontal position.

{Surveyor's compass}, an instrument used in surveying for
measuring horizontal angles. See {Circumferentor}.

{Variation compass}, a compass of delicate construction, used
in observations on the variations of the needle.

{To fetch a compass}, to make a circuit.
[1913 Webster]

Compass \Com"pass\ (k[u^]m"pas), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Compassed}
(k[u^]m"past); p. pr. & vb. n. {Compassing}.] [F. compasser,
LL. compassare.]
1. To go about or entirely round; to make the circuit of.
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Ye shall compass the city seven times. --Josh. vi.
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We the globe can compass soon. --Shak.
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2. To inclose on all sides; to surround; to encircle; to
environ; to invest; to besiege; -- used with about, round,
around, and round about.
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With terrors and with clamors compassed round.
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Now all the blessings
Of a glad father compass thee about. --Shak.
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Thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and
compass thee round. --Luke xix.
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3. To reach round; to circumvent; to get within one's power;
to obtain; to accomplish.
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If I can check my erring love, I will:
If not, to compass her I'll use my skill. --Shak.
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How can you hope to compass your designs? --Denham.
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4. To curve; to bend into a circular form. [Obs. except in
carpentry and shipbuilding.] --Shak.
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5. (Law) To purpose; to intend; to imagine; to plot.
[1913 Webster]

Compassing and imagining the death of the king are
synonymous terms; compassing signifying the purpose
or design of the mind or will, and not, as in common
speech, the carrying such design to effect.
[1913 Webster]

377 Moby Thesaurus words for "compass":
Gyrosin compass, Johansson block, RDF, T square, accept,
accomplish, achieve, acquire, aesthetic distance, alentours,
ambience, ambit, amount, annex, attain, beleaguer, beset, besiege,
blockade, border line, borderlands, bound, boundaries, boundary,
boundary condition, boundary line, bounds, bourn, bourns, box in,
break boundary, breakoff point, bring off, bring through, cage,
caliber, calipers, carry, carry off, catch, ceiling, chain,
chamber, chromatic scale, circle, circuit, circuiteer, circulate,
circumambiencies, circumambulate, circumference, circumjacencies,
circummigrate, circumnavigate, circumscription, circumstances,
circumvent, clearance, close, close in, close the circle,
come full circle, compass about, comprehend, confine, confines,
consummate, contain, context, coop, coop in, coop up, coordinates,
cordon, cordon off, corral, crown with success, cut, cutoff,
cutoff point, cycle, deadline, deal with, deep space, degree,
delimitation, depths of space, describe a circle, determinant,
dial, diapason, dig, dipstick, direction finder, discharge,
dispatch, dispose of, distance, divergence, dividers,
division line, do, do the job, do the trick, dodecuple scale,
domain, edges, effect, effectuate, embay, embosom, embrace, enact,
encircle, enclasp, enclose, enclosure, encompass, end, enfold,
enharmonic scale, enshrine, entourage, envelop, environ,
environing circumstances, environment, environs, enwrap, execute,
extension, extent, extremity, farness, feeler gauge, fence in,
fetch, field, finish, flank, floor, foot rule, fringes, frontier,
fulfill, gain, gamut, gauge block, gestalt, get, get by, gird,
girdle, girdle the globe, go about, go around, go round,
go the round, goniometer, grade, gradiometer, graduated scale,
grasp, great scale, gyre, gyrocompass, gyroscopic compass,
gyrostatic compass, habitat, have, hedge, hedge in, height, hem,
hem in, high-water mark, house in, impound, imprison, incarcerate,
include, inertial navigation system, infinity, interface, interval,
invest, involve, jail, kennel, knock off, land, lap, leaguer, leap,
leeway, length, level, light-years, limen, limit, limitation,
limitations, limiting factor, limits, line, line of demarcation,
log, log line, loran, low-water mark, lower limit,
magnetic compass, magnetic needle, major scale, make,
make a circuit, manage, march, marches, margin, mark, measure,
melodic minor, mete, meterstick, metes, metes and bounds, mew,
mew up, micrometer, mileage, milieu, minor scale, needle,
neighborhood, notch, nuance, obtain, octant, octave scale, orbit,
outlines, outposts, outskirts, pale, parameters, parsecs, pas, peg,
pen, pen in, pentatonic scale, perform, perimeter, period,
periphery, perspective, piece, pitch, plane, plateau, plumb,
plumb rule, pocket, point, polish off, precincts, procure, produce,
proportion, protractor, pull off, purlieus, purview, put away,
put over, put through, quadrant, quarantine, radio compass,
radio direction finder, radius, rail in, range, ratio, reach,
realize, register, remoteness, remove, restriction, revolve, ring,
rod, round, rule, ruler, rung, scale, scope, sector, secure, see,
separation, set square, sextant, shade, shadow, shoran, shrine,
shut in, shut up, situation, skirt, skirts, space, span, spectrum,
sphere, spiral, spirit level, square, stable, stair, standard,
start, starting line, starting point, step, stint, stretch, stride,
suburbs, succeed, surround, surroundings, sweep, take care of,
take in, tape, tape measure, tapeline, target date, temperament,
term, terminal date, terminus, theodolite, threshold,
time allotment, total environment, transit, transit theodolite,
tread, try square, tuning, turn the trick, twig, understand,
upper limit, verges, vernier, vernier caliper, vicinage, vicinity,
wall in, way, ways, wheel, whole-tone scale, win, work, work out,
wrap, yard, yard up, yardstick

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