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fruit    音標拼音: [fr'ut]
n. 水果,果實;成果,效果

水果,果實;成果,效果

fruit
n 1: the ripened reproductive body of a seed plant
2: an amount of a product [synonym: {yield}, {fruit}]
3: the consequence of some effort or action; "he lived long
enough to see the fruit of his policies"
v 1: cause to bear fruit
2: bear fruit; "the trees fruited early this year"

Fruit \Fruit\, n. [OE. fruit, frut, F. fruit, from L. fructus
enjoyment, product, fruit, from frui, p. p. fructus, to
enjoy; akin to E. brook, v. t. See {Brook}, v. t., and cf.
{Fructify}, {Frugal}.]
1. Whatever is produced for the nourishment or enjoyment of
man or animals by the processes of vegetable growth, as
corn, grass, cotton, flax, etc.; -- commonly used in the
plural.
[1913 Webster]

Six years thou shalt sow thy land, and shalt gather
in the
fruits thereof. --Ex. xxiii.
10.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Hort.) The pulpy, edible seed vessels of certain plants,
especially those grown on branches above ground, as
apples, oranges, grapes, melons, berries, etc. See 3.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Bot.) The ripened ovary of a flowering plant, with its
contents and whatever parts are consolidated with it.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Fruits are classified as fleshy, drupaceous, and dry.
{Fleshy fruits} include berries, gourds, and melons,
orangelike fruits and pomes; {drupaceous fruits} are
stony within and fleshy without, as peaches, plums, and
cherries; and {dry fruits} are further divided into
{achenes}, {follicles}, {legumes}, {capsules}, {nuts},
and several other kinds.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Bot.) The spore cases or conceptacles of flowerless
plants, as of ferns, mosses, algae, etc., with the spores
contained in them.
[1913 Webster]

6. The produce of animals; offspring; young; as, the fruit of
the womb, of the loins, of the body.
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King Edward's fruit, true heir to the English crown.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

6. That which is produced; the effect or consequence of any
action; advantageous or desirable product or result;
disadvantageous or evil consequence or effect; as, the
fruits of labor, of self-denial, of intemperance.
[1913 Webster]

The fruit of rashness. --Shak.
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What I obtained was the fruit of no bargain.
--Burke.
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They shall eat the fruit of their doings. --Is. iii
10.
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The fruits of this education became visible.
--Macaulay.
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Note: Fruit is frequently used adjectively, signifying of,
for, or pertaining to a fruit or fruits; as, fruit bud;
fruit frame; fruit jar; fruit knife; fruit loft; fruit
show; fruit stall; fruit tree; etc.
[1913 Webster]

{Fruit bat} (Zool.), one of the Frugivora; -- called also
{fruit-eating bat}.

{Fruit bud} (Bot.), a bud that produces fruit; -- in most
oplants the same as the power bud.

{Fruit dot} (Bot.), a collection of fruit cases, as in ferns.
See {Sorus}.

{Fruit fly} (Zool.), a small dipterous insect of the genus
{Drosophila}, which lives in fruit, in the larval state.
There are seveal species, some of which are very damaging
to fruit crops. One species, {Drosophila melanogaster},
has been intensively studied as a model species for
genetic reserach.

{Fruit jar}, a jar for holding preserved fruit, usually made
of glass or earthenware.

{Fruit pigeon} (Zool.), one of numerous species of pigeons of
the family {Carpophagid[ae]}, inhabiting India, Australia,
and the Pacific Islands. They feed largely upon fruit. and
are noted for their beautiful colors.

{Fruit sugar} (Chem.), a kind of sugar occurring, naturally
formed, in many ripe fruits, and in honey; levulose. The
name is also, though rarely, applied to {invert sugar}, or
to the natural mixture or dextrose and levulose resembling
it, and found in fruits and honey.

{Fruit tree} (Hort.), a tree cultivated for its edible fruit.


{Fruit worm} (Zool.), one of numerous species of insect
larv[ae]: which live in the interior of fruit. They are
mostly small species of Lepidoptera and Diptera.

{Small fruits} (Hort.), currants, raspberries, strawberries,
etc.
[1913 Webster]


Fruit \Fruit\, v. i.
To bear fruit. --Chesterfield.
[1913 Webster]

256 Moby Thesaurus words for "fruit":
Catawba, Persian melon, Valencia orange, acorn, advantages,
aftermath, akee, alligator pear, ananas, apple, apricot, artifact,
auntie, avocado, banana, bear, bear fruit, bearberry, bearing,
benefits, berry, bi-guy, bilberry, bird seed, bisexual, blackberry,
brainchild, breed, bring forth, brood, bull dyke, bumper crop,
butch, by-product, cacao, candleberry, canistel, cantaloupe,
capulin, casaba, catamite, checkerberry, cherimoya, cherry,
chicken, child, children, citrange, citron, citrus, citrus fruit,
civet fruit, coinage, compensation, composition, concoction,
consequence, consequences, consequent, corollary, crab apple,
cranberry, creation, creature, crop, crowning achievement, currant,
custard apple, damson, date, derivation, derivative, descendants,
descent, deserts, development, dewberry, distillate, distillation,
drupe, dyke, effect, elderberry, emolument, end product, essence,
event, eventuality, eventuation, extract, fag, faggot, fairy,
family, feijoa, femme, fig, flaxseed, flit, fricatrice, fructify,
fruit cocktail, fruit compote, fruit soup, fruits, furnish,
gooseberry, grain, grandchildren, grape, grapefruit,
great-grandchildren, guanabana, guava, gunsel, handiwork, harvest,
hayseed, heirs, homo, homophile, homosexual, homosexualist,
honeydew, hostages to fortune, huckleberry, icaco, ilama, imbu,
income, inheritors, invention, invert, issue, jaboticaba,
jackfruit, jujube, kernel, kids, kumquat, legacy, lemon, lesbian,
lime, lineage, lingonberry, linseed, litchi, little ones,
loganberry, logical outcome, loquat, make, mammee apple,
mandarin orange, mango, mangosteen, manufacture, manzanilla,
marang, masterpiece, masterwork, mayapple, medlar, melon, mintage,
mulberry, muscadine, muscat, muscatel, muskmelon, nance,
navel orange, nectarine, new generation, new mintage, nut,
nutmeg melon, offshoot, offspring, olive, opera, opus, opuscule,
orange, origination, outcome, outgrowth, output, pansy, papaw,
papaya, passion fruit, pathic, payment, peach, pear, persimmon,
pineapple, pip, pippin, pit, plantain, plum, plumcot, pomegranate,
posterity, precipitate, proceeds, produce, product, production,
products, profits, progeny, prune, punk, queen, queer, quince,
raisin, rambutan, raspberry, recompense, red currant, result,
resultant, results, returns, rising generation, sapphist,
second crop, seed, sequel, sequela, sequence, sequent, sons, stone,
stone fruit, strawberry, succession, sugar apple, sugarplum,
sweetsop, tangelo, tangerine, treasures, tribade, ugli fruit,
upshot, vintage, work, yield, younglings, youngsters

Fruit
a word as used in Scripture denoting produce in general, whether
vegetable or animal. The Hebrews divided the fruits of the land
into three classes:,

(1.) The fruit of the field, "corn-fruit" (Heb. dagan); all
kinds of grain and pulse.

(2.) The fruit of the vine, "vintage-fruit" (Heb. tirosh);
grapes, whether moist or dried.

(3.) "Orchard-fruits" (Heb. yitshar), as dates, figs, citrons,
etc.

Injunctions concerning offerings and tithes were expressed by
these Hebrew terms alone (Num. 18:12; Deut. 14:23). This word
"fruit" is also used of children or offspring (Gen. 30:2; Deut.
7:13; Luke 1:42; Ps. 21:10; 132:11); also of the progeny of
beasts (Deut. 28:51; Isa. 14:29).

It is used metaphorically in a variety of forms (Ps. 104:13;
Prov. 1:31; 11:30; 31:16; Isa. 3:10; 10:12; Matt. 3:8; 21:41;
26:29; Heb. 13:15; Rom. 7:4, 5; 15:28).

The fruits of the Spirit (Gal. 5:22, 23; Eph. 5:9; James 3:17,
18) are those gracious dispositions and habits which the Spirit
produces in those in whom he dwells and works.

FRUIT, property. The produce of tree or plant containing the seed or used
for food. Fruit is considered real estate, before it is separated from the
plant or tree on which it grows; after its separation it acquires the
character of personally, and may be the subject of larceny; it then has all
the qualities of personal property,
2. The term fruit, among the civilians, signifies not only the
production of trees and other plants, but all sorts of revenue of whatever
kind they may be. Fruits may be distinguished into two kinds; the first
called natural fruits, are those which the earth produces without culture,
as bay, the production of trees, minerals, and the like or with culture, as
grain and the like. Secondly, the other kind of fruits, known by the name of
civil fruits, are the revenue which is not produced by the earth, but by the
industry of man, or from animals, from some estate, or by virtue of some
rule of law. Thus, the rent of a house, a right of fishing, the freight of a
ship, the toll of a mill, are called, by a metaphorical expression, fruits.
Domat, Lois Civ. liv. 3, tit. 5, s. 3, n. 3. See Poth. De la Communaute, n.
45.

Frucht (f)
Obst (n)


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