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quarter    音標拼音: [kw'ɔrtɚ] [k'ɔrtɚ]
n. 四分之一,一刻鐘,季度,地區
vt. 四等分,四肢分解
vi. 駐扎,住宿



n 1: one of four equal parts; "a quarter of a pound" [synonym: {one-
fourth}, {fourth}, {one-quarter}, {quarter}, {fourth part},
{twenty-five percent}, {quartern}]
2: a district of a city having some distinguishing character;
"the Latin Quarter"
3: (football, professional basketball) one of four divisions
into which some games are divided; "both teams scored in the
first quarter"
4: a unit of time equal to 15 minutes or a quarter of an hour;
"it's a quarter til 4"; "a quarter after 4 o'clock"
5: one of four periods into which the school year is divided;
"the fall quarter ends at Christmas"
6: a fourth part of a year; three months; "unemployment fell
during the last quarter"
7: one of the four major division of the compass; "the wind is
coming from that quarter"
8: a quarter of a hundredweight (25 pounds)
9: a quarter of a hundredweight (28 pounds)
10: a United States or Canadian coin worth one fourth of a
dollar; "he fed four quarters into the slot machine"
11: an unspecified person; "he dropped a word in the right
12: the rear part of a ship [synonym: {stern}, {after part},
{quarter}, {poop}, {tail}]
13: piece of leather that comprises the part of a shoe or boot
covering the heel and joining the vamp
14: clemency or mercy shown to a defeated opponent; "he
surrendered but asked for quarter"
v 1: provide housing for (military personnel) [synonym: {quarter},
{billet}, {canton}]
2: pull (a person) apart with four horses tied to his
extremities, so as to execute him; "in the old days, people
were drawn and quartered for certain crimes" [synonym: {draw},
{quarter}, {draw and quarter}]
3: divide into quarters; "quarter an apple"
4: divide by four; divide into quarters

Quarter \Quar"ter\ (kw[aum]r"t[~e]r), n. [F. quartier, L.
quartarius a fourth part, fr. quartus the fourth. See
1. One of four equal parts into which anything is divided, or
is regarded as divided; a fourth part or portion; as, a
quarter of a dollar, of a pound, of a yard, of an hour,
etc. Hence, specifically:
(a) The fourth of a hundred-weight, being 25 or 28 pounds,
according as the hundredweight is reckoned at 100 or
112 pounds.
(b) The fourth of a ton in weight, or eight bushels of
grain; as, a quarter of wheat; also, the fourth part
of a chaldron of coal. --Hutton.
(c) (Astron.) The fourth part of the moon's period, or
monthly revolution; as, the first quarter after the
change or full.
(d) One limb of a quadruped with the adjacent parts; one
fourth part of the carcass of a slaughtered animal,
including a leg; as, the fore quarters; the hind
(e) That part of a boot or shoe which forms the side, from
the heel to the vamp.
(f) (Far.) That part on either side of a horse's hoof
between the toe and heel, being the side of the
(g) A term of study in a seminary, college, etc, etc.;
properly, a fourth part of the year, but often longer
or shorter.
(h) pl. (Mil.) The encampment on one of the principal
passages round a place besieged, to prevent relief and
intercept convoys.
(i) (Naut.) The after-part of a vessel's side, generally
corresponding in extent with the quarter-deck; also,
the part of the yardarm outside of the slings.
(j) (Her.) One of the divisions of an escutcheon when it
is divided into four portions by a horizontal and a
perpendicular line meeting in the fess point.
[1913 Webster]

Note: When two coats of arms are united upon one escutcheon,
as in case of marriage, the first and fourth quarters
display one shield, the second and third the other. See
{Quarter}, v. t., 5.
[1913 Webster]
(k) One of the four parts into which the horizon is
regarded as divided; a cardinal point; a direction'
principal division; a region; a territory.
[1913 Webster]

Scouts each coast light-armed scour,
Each quarter, to descry the distant foe.
[1913 Webster]
(l) A division of a town, city, or county; a particular
district; a locality; as, the Latin quarter in Paris.
(m) (Arch.) A small upright timber post, used in
partitions; -- in the United States more commonly
called {stud}.
(n) (Naut.) The fourth part of the distance from one point
of the compass to another, being the fourth part of
11[deg] 15', that is, about 2[deg] 49'; -- called also
{quarter point}.
[1913 Webster]
[1913 Webster]

2. Proper station; specific place; assigned position; special
[1913 Webster]

Swift to their several quarters hasted then
The cumbrous elements. --Milton.
[1913 Webster] Hence, specifically:
(a) (Naut.) A station at which officers and men are posted
in battle; -- usually in the plural.
(b) Place of lodging or temporary residence; shelter;
entertainment; -- usually in the plural.
[1913 Webster]

The banter turned as to what quarters each would
find. --W. Irving.
[1913 Webster]
(c) pl. (Mil.) A station or encampment occupied by troops;
a place of lodging for soldiers or officers; as,
winter quarters.
(d) Treatment shown by an enemy; mercy; especially, the
act of sparing the life a conquered enemy; a
refraining from pushing one's advantage to extremes.
[1913 Webster]

He magnified his own clemency, now they were at
his mercy, to offer them quarter for their
lives. --Clarendon.
[1913 Webster]

Cocks and lambs . . . at the mercy of cats and
wolves . . . must never expect better quarter.
[1913 Webster]

3. Friendship; amity; concord. [Obs.] To keep quarter, to
keep one's proper place, and so be on good terms with
another. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

In quarter, and in terms like bride and groom.
[1913 Webster]

I knew two that were competitors for the secretary's
place, . . . and yet kept good quarter between
themselves. --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

{False quarter}, a cleft in the quarter of a horse's foot.

{Fifth quarter}, the hide and fat; -- a butcher's term.

{On the quarter} (Naut.), in a direction between abeam and
astern; opposite, or nearly opposite, a vessel's quarter.

{Quarter aspect}. (Astrol.) Same as {Quadrate}.

{Quarter back} (Football), the player who has position next
behind center rush, and receives the ball on the snap

{Quarter badge} (Naut.), an ornament on the side of a vessel
near, the stern. --Mar. Dict.

{Quarter bill} (Naut.), a list specifying the different
stations to be taken by the officers and crew in time of
action, and the names of the men assigned to each.

{Quarter block} (Naut.), a block fitted under the quarters of
a yard on each side of the slings, through which the clew
lines and sheets are reeved. --R. H. Dana, Jr.

{Quarter boat} (Naut.), a boat hung at a vessel's quarter.

{Quarter cloths} (Naut.), long pieces of painted canvas, used
to cover the quarter netting.

{Quarter day}, a day regarded as terminating a quarter of the
year; hence, one on which any payment, especially rent,
becomes due. In matters influenced by United States
statutes, quarter days are the first days of January,
April, July, and October. In New York and many other
places, as between landlord and tenant, they are the first
days of May, August, November, and February. The quarter
days usually recognized in England are 25th of March (Lady
Day), the 24th of June (Midsummer Day), the 29th of
September (Michaelmas Day), and the 25th of December
(Christmas Day).

{Quarter face}, in fine arts, portrait painting, etc., a face
turned away so that but one quarter is visible.

{Quarter gallery} (Naut.), a balcony on the quarter of a
ship. See {Gallery}, 4.

{Quarter gunner} (Naut.), a petty officer who assists the

{Quarter look}, a side glance. [Obs.] --B. Jonson.

{Quarter nettings} (Naut.), hammock nettings along the
quarter rails.

{Quarter note} (Mus.), a note equal in duration to half a
minim or a fourth of semibreve; a crochet.

{Quarter pieces} (Naut.), several pieces of timber at the
after-part of the quarter gallery, near the taffrail.

{Quarter point}. (Naut.) See {Quarter}, n., 1
(n) .

{Quarter railing}, or {Quarter rails} (Naut.), narrow molded
planks reaching from the top of the stern to the gangway,
serving as a fence to the quarter-deck.

{Quarter sessions} (Eng. Law), a general court of criminal
jurisdiction held quarterly by the justices of peace in
counties and by the recorders in boroughs.

{Quarter square} (Math.), the fourth part of the square of a
number. Tables of quarter squares have been devised to
save labor in multiplying numbers.

{Quarter turn}, {Quarter turn belt} (Mach.), an arrangement
in which a belt transmits motion between two shafts which
are at right angles with each other.

{Quarter watch} (Naut.), a subdivision of the full watch (one
fourth of the crew) on a man-of- war.

{To give quarter}, or {To show quarter} (Mil.), to accept as
prisoner, on submission in battle; to forbear to kill, as
a vanquished enemy.

{To keep quarter}. See {Quarter}, n., 3.
[1913 Webster]

Quarter \Quar"ter\ (kw[aum]r"t[~e]r), v. i.
To lodge; to have a temporary residence.
[1913 Webster]

Quarter \Quar"ter\, v. i. [F. cartayer.]
To drive a carriage so as to prevent the wheels from going
into the ruts, or so that a rut shall be between the wheels.
[1913 Webster]

Every creature that met us would rely on us for
quartering. --De Quincey.
[1913 Webster]

Quarter \Quar"ter\ (kw[aum]r"t[~e]r), v. t. [imp. & p. p.
{Quartered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Quartering}.]
1. To divide into four equal parts.
[1913 Webster]

2. To divide; to separate into parts or regions.
[1913 Webster]

Then sailors quartered heaven. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

3. To furnish with shelter or entertainment; to supply with
the means of living for a time; especially, to furnish
shelter to; as, to quarter soldiers.
[1913 Webster]

They mean this night in Sardis to be quartered.
[1913 Webster]

4. To furnish as a portion; to allot. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

This isle . . .
He quarters to his blue-haired deities. -- Milton.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Her.) To arrange (different coats of arms) upon one
escutcheon, as when a man inherits from both father and
mother the right to bear arms.
[1913 Webster]

Note: When only two coats of arms are so combined they are
arranged in four compartments. See {Quarter}, n., 1
(f) .
[1913 Webster]

419 Moby Thesaurus words for "quarter":
C, C-note, G, G-note, abode, abundant year, academic year,
accommodate, accommodations, achievement, adjunct, aim, airspace,
alerion, anchor, animal charge, annulet, annum, area, argent,
armorial bearings, armory, arms, azimuth, azure, bandeau, bank,
bar, bar sinister, barracks, barrio, baton, beam, bearing,
bearings, bed, belt, bend, bend sinister, benevolence, bent, berth,
billet, billet at, bissextile year, bivouac, blazon, blazonry,
board, border, bordure, broad arrow, broadside, buck, bunk, burrow,
cadency mark, calendar month, calendar year, camp, canton,
cantonment, cartwheel, casern, cent, century, chambers, chaplet,
charge, cheek, chevron, chief, chop, clemency, coast, coat of arms,
cockatrice, colonize, come to anchor, commiseration, common year,
compassion, component, condolence, confines, continental shelf,
contingent, copper, coronet, corridor, country, course, crescent,
crest, cross, cross moline, cross section, crown, current, day,
decade, decennary, decennium, defective year, department,
detachment, detail, device, difference, differencing, dime,
direction, direction line, district, division, dole, dollar,
dollar bill, domesticate, domicile, domiciliate, drift,
drop anchor, dwelling, eagle, ensconce, entertain, environs,
ermine, ermines, erminites, erminois, escutcheon,
establish residence, falcon, farthing, favor, feeling, fess,
fess point, field, fifty cents, file, fin, fiscal year, fish,
five cents, five hundred dollars, five-dollar bill,
five-hundred-dollar bill, five-spot, fiver, flanch, flank,
fleur-de-lis, forbearance, forgiveness, fortnight, four bits,
fourth, fourth part, fraction, fret, frogskin, fur, fusil, garland,
grace, grand, griffin, ground, gules, gyron, habitation, half G,
half a C, half dollar, half grand, hand, handedness, harbor,
hatchment, haunch, heading, heartland, helmet, helmsmanship,
heraldic device, hinterland, hip, hive, home, honor point, hour,
house, humanity, hundred-dollar bill, hut, impalement, impaling,
inclination, inescutcheon, inhabit, installment, iron man, item,
jowl, keep house, kindness, label, land, laterality, lay,
leap year, leniency, lie, line, line of direction, line of march,
lion, live at, living quarters, locale, locality, locate, location,
lodge, lodgings, lozenge, lunar month, lunar year, lunation,
luster, lustrum, man-hour, mantling, many-sidedness, marshaling,
martlet, mascle, mercifulness, mercy, metal, microsecond, milieu,
mill, millennium, millisecond, minute, mitigation, moment, month,
moon, moor, motto, move, mullet, multilaterality, navigation,
neighborhood, nest, nickel, nombril point, octofoil,
offshore rights, one-fourth, or, ordinary, orientation, orle, pale,
paly, parcel, pardon, park, part, particular, parts, pathos, pean,
penny, people, percentage, perch, pheon, piloting, pity, place,
planking, point, portion, post, precinct, precincts, premises,
profile, purlieus, purpure, put up, quadrant, quadrature,
quadrisect, quart, quartering, quartern, quarters, quarto,
quinquennium, quota, random sample, range, red cent, region,
regular year, relief, relocate, remainder, reprieve, reside,
residence, room, rooms, roost, rose, run, ruth, sable, salient,
saltire, sample, sampling, sawbuck, scutcheon, second, section,
sector, segment, self-pity, semester, session, set,
set up housekeeping, set up shop, settle, settle down, share,
shelter, shield, shore, side, sidereal year, siding, silver dollar,
sit down, skin, smacker, soil, solar year, space, spot,
spread eagle, squat, stable, stand, station, stay at, steerage,
steering, strike root, subdivision, subgroup, subordinary,
subspecies, sun, sympathy, take residence at, take root,
take up residence, temple, ten cents, ten-spot, tendency, tenne,
tenner, tenor, term, terrain, territory, thousand dollars,
thousand-dollar bill, three-mile limit, tincture, torse, track,
trend, tressure, trimester, twelve-mile limit, twelvemonth,
twenty-dollar bill, twenty-five cents, twenty-five percent,
two bits, two-dollar bill, two-spot, unicorn, unilaterality, vair,
vert, vicinage, vicinity, way, week, weekday, wreath, yale, yard,
year, zone


quarter: n. Two bits. This in turn comes from thepieces of eight
famed in pirate moviesSpanish silver crowns that could be broken
into eight pie-slice-shapedbitsto make change. Early in
American history the Spanish coin was considered equal to a dollar, so each
of thesebitswas considered worth 12.5 cents. Syn.
tayste, crumb,
quad. Usage: rare. General discussion of such
terms is under nybble.




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