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sympathy    音標拼音: [s'ɪmpəθi]
n. 同情,贊同,同感,慰問,吊唁

同情,贊同,同感,慰問,吊唁

sympathy
n 1: an inclination to support or be loyal to or to agree with
an opinion; "his sympathies were always with the underdog";
"I knew I could count on his understanding" [synonym:
{sympathy}, {understanding}]
2: sharing the feelings of others (especially feelings of sorrow
or anguish) [synonym: {sympathy}, {fellow feeling}]
3: a relation of affinity or harmony between people; whatever
affects one correspondingly affects the other; "the two of
them were in close sympathy"

Sympathy \Sym"pa*thy\, n.; pl. {Sympathies}. [F. sympathie, L.
sympathia, Gr. ?; sy`n with ? suffering, passion, fr. ?, ?,
to suffer. See {Syn-}, and {Pathos}.]
1. Feeling corresponding to that which another feels; the
quality of being affected by the affection of another,
with feelings correspondent in kind, if not in degree;
fellow-feeling.
[1913 Webster]

They saw, but other sight instead -- a crowd
Of ugly serpents! Horror on them fell,
And horrid sympathy. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

2. An agreement of affections or inclinations, or a
conformity of natural temperament, which causes persons to
be pleased, or in accord, with one another; as, there is
perfect sympathy between them.
[1913 Webster]

3. Kindness of feeling toward one who suffers; pity;
commiseration; compassion.
[1913 Webster]

I value myself upon sympathy, I hate and despise
myself for envy. --Kames.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Physiol. & Med.)
(a) The reciprocal influence exercised by organs or parts
on one another, as shown in the effects of a diseased
condition of one part on another part or organ, as in
the vomiting produced by a tumor of the brain.
(b) The influence of a certain psychological state in one
person in producing a like state in another.

Note: In the original 1890 work, sense (b) was described as:
"That relation which exists between different persons
by which one of them produces in the others a state or
condition like that of himself. This is shown in the
tendency to yawn which a person often feels on seeing
another yawn, or the strong inclination to become
hysteric experienced by many women on seeing another
person suffering with hysteria."
[Webster 1913 Suppl. PJC]

5. A tendency of inanimate things to unite, or to act on each
other; as, the sympathy between the loadstone and iron.
[R.]
[1913 Webster]

6. Similarity of function, use office, or the like.
[1913 Webster]

The adverb has most sympathy with the verb. --Earle.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Pity; fellow-feeling; compassion; commiseration;
tenderness; condolence; agreement.

Usage: {Sympathy}, {Commiseration}. Sympathy is literally a
fellow-feeling with others in their varied conditions
of joy or of grief. This term, however, is now more
commonly applied to a fellow-feeling with others under
affliction, and then coincides very nearly with
commiseration. In this case it is commonly followed by
for; as, to feel sympathy for a friend when we see him
distressed. The verb sympathize is followed by with;
as, to sympathize with a friend in his distresses or
enjoyments. "Every man would be a distinct species to
himself, were there no sympathy among individuals."
--South. See {Pity}.
[1913 Webster]

Fault,
Acknowledged and deplored, in Adam wrought
Commiseration. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

272 Moby Thesaurus words for "sympathy":
abetment, accord, accordance, addition, adduction, adjunct,
advocacy, aegis, affairs, affectionateness, affections,
affective faculty, affectivity, affiliation, affinity, agape,
agreement, aid and comfort, allergy, alliance, allurement, amity,
an in, anaphylaxis, approximation, assemblage, association,
assurance, attractance, attraction, attractiveness, attractivity,
auspices, backing, balm, benevolence, benignancy, benignity, bent,
bias, blending, bond, bonds of harmony, brotherhood,
brotherly love, camaraderie, capillarity, capillary attraction,
care, caring, caritas, cement of friendship, centripetal force,
championship, charity, chiming, chord, clemency, closeness,
combination, comfort, commiseration, communion, community,
community of interests, compassion, compatibility, concern,
concord, concordance, condolement, condolence, congeniality,
connectedness, connection, considerateness, consolation, consonant,
contiguity, contrariety, correspondence, countenance, dealings,
deduction, delicacy, disjunction, drag, draw, easement, echo,
emotional life, emotions, empathy, encouragement, esprit,
esprit de corps, exquisiteness, fancy, fascination, favor,
favorable regard, feeling, feeling of identity, feeling of kinship,
feeling tone, feelings, fellow feeling, fellowship, filiation,
fineness, finer feelings, forbearance, forgiveness, fosterage,
fraternal feeling, frictionlessness, friendly relations,
good graces, good terms, good understanding, good vibes,
good vibrations, goodness, goodness of heart, goodwill, grace,
graciousness, gravitation, gravity, guidance, happy family,
harmonic, harmony, heart, heart of gold, homology, humaneness,
humanity, hyperesthesia, hyperpathia, hypersensitivity,
identification, identity, inclination, intercourse, interest,
intimacy, involvement, irritability, junction, kindheartedness,
kindliness, kindly disposition, kindness, kinship, leaning,
leniency, liaison, like-mindedness, link, linkage, linking, love,
loving kindness, magnetism, mercy, mitigation, musical,
mutual affinity, mutual attraction, mutual regard, mutuality,
nearness, nervousness, niceness, oneness, oversensibility,
oversensitiveness, overtenderness, pardon, partiality, passibility,
passions, pathos, patronage, peace, penchant, perceptiveness,
perceptivity, photophobia, pity, predilection, preference,
prickliness, proclivity, propensity, propinquity, proximity, pull,
pulling power, quarter, rapport, rapprochement, reassurance,
reciprocity, regard, relatedness, relating, relation, relations,
relationship, relief, reprieve, respect, response, responsiveness,
rue, ruth, seconding, self-pity, sensibilities, sensitiveness,
sensitivity, sensitization, sentiments, sharing, sharing of grief,
shred of comfort, similarity, softheartedness, solace, solacement,
solicitousness, solidarity, soothing words, soreness,
soul of kindness, sponsorship, supersensitivity, support,
susceptibilities, sympathetic chord, sympathetic response,
sympathies, symphonic, symphonious, symphony, tact, tactfulness,
team spirit, tender susceptibilities, tenderheartedness,
tenderness, tetchiness, thin skin, ticklishness, tie, tie-in,
touchiness, traction, tug, turn, tutelage, understanding, union,
unison, unity, vibes, vibrations, warmheartedness, warmth,
warmth of heart

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